IFPRI: India Food Security Portal Presentation Transcript
India‐Food Security Portal: a clearinghouse of data, tools, and a policy network for Food securityMaximo ToreroInternational Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Food Security and the Economic CircuitFood supplySupply of other goodsand servicesDomesticproduction‐ Exports+ ImportsGovernmentInternationalcooperationFoodInputs specific toagricultureProducersHouseholdsDemand for othergoods and servicesOutput marketOther goodsInput marketGeneral inputsFoodconsumptionand utilization§Malnutrition§UndernourishmentFoodavailabilityFoodAccessFood demandAuto‐consumption+ MarketStrategicObjectivesFood stabilityInternationalpricesTradeliberalizationClimatechangepoliciesBiofuelpoliciesFuturesmarketsExternalFactors
Policy decision‐making in food security‐relevant policy processes at national and state levels in India is more effective at addressing food insecurity issues as a result of strengthened policy research, analysis capacity, and of active and inclusive food security policy networks fostered through interactive policy dialogues `
Outcome 1: A food security knowledge hub is established, fostered by a cluster of Indian institutions in collaboration with the nascent network of individuals, and actively promoted and adapted by an inclusive policy dialogue processOutcome 2: A broad network of individuals engaged in local, national and international policy‐making is established and active in influencing (shaping) Indian food security policy)Outcome 3: Relevant food security policy processes have been contributed to and effectively influenced Outcome 4: The Global Food Security Portal is maintained and improved, and articulated with the Indian portal and network
Policy NetworkPolicy DialoguesAnalysis tools
In addition to working in New Delhi we will cover states from three regions in India:Andhra Pradesh is from south India, Bihar from Eastern India and Gujarat from Western India.
Gujarat and Bihar have been among the fastest growing states in recent times though at very different levels of income. Bihar has the lowest income per capita level, and the highest per capita income growth.
Bihar has been facing severe hunger problems. In the hunger index for 2008 as seen in figure below, it was among the lowest ranked states and scored worse than Zimbabwe and Haiti
On Incidence of malnutrition among women Bihar was highest among all states in India at 45.1 percent. The same index showed that Gujarat was among states that performed worse than what would have been expected given its poverty level. In addition, the incidence of anemia in the state of Andhra Pradesh is over sixty percent, with almost a quarter of the women population suffering from moderate and severe anemia. On the other hand, among children both Bihar and Gujarat had an incidence of anemia of more than 80 percent.
In terms of institutions for providing food security there are important differences across states:• Studies have shown varying and large exclusion and inclusion errors in the countrys public distribution system that provides subsidized food grains particularly to below poverty line families. • Other programs, suffer from targeting efficiency programs, where the poorest are not benefiting as intended [Banerjee et al. (2007)] • Both Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat recorded over 60% under‐coverage. • This has caused states to launch their own initiatives. For example, Andhra Pradesh launched a system of extremely subsidized rice at 2 rupees per kg in 2006 which was revised to 1 rupee per kg in 2011.
Strengthenedcapacityforimprovedfoodsecuritypolicyresearchandanalysisthroughin-countrynetworksinIndia.Food security policy processes influenced (shaped) by the Food Security Portal‐India networkDissemination of resultsand influence beyondthe networkNetwork of individual members and partnerinstitutionsIndiaFSP–FoodSecurityKnowledgeHubFoodsecuritydata,Indicators,analysistools,andresearch:determinepriorityareas,enhancetargeting,andmonitorpolicyimpact.GlobalFSPPolicydialoguestoassesspriorityfoodsecuritydata,indicators,analysistoolsandresearchgapstothespecificneedsofIndiaFood Security Policy Process: Policy dialogues, identification ofpriority policy process, strategies to engage directly.Impact Pathways of India‐FSPOutcome 4: The Global Food Security Portal is maintained and improved, and articulated with the Indian portal and networkOutcome 3: Relevant food security policy processes have been contributed to and effectively influenced Outcome 2: A broad network of individuals engaged in local, national and international policy‐making is established and active in influencing (shaping) Indian food security policy)Outcome 1: A food security knowledge hub is established, fostered by a cluster of Indian institutions in collaboration with the nascent network of individuals, and actively promoted and adapted by an inclusive policy dialogue process
Food Security ChallengesOpen data Open toolsPolicy networkPolicy dialoguesFood SecurityPolicy Influence
Policy dialogues & Network
Organizationways to create policy influence
Organization, Management and Administration – India‐FSPIFPRI Washington DCCommunicationsResearch/ PolicyGlobal Food Security PortalIndia Food Security PortalA food security knowledge hub IFPRI New DelhiCommunicationsResearch/ policyOrganization of dialogues, and workshopsTwo‐way communications activities with all network membersFormulation of advisory needs Policy analysis tools and e‐learning manualsAttract key local stakeholders and experts in food securityIncentive mechanism and the selection criteria for the network membersInfluencing policy processessSupport SDC and European Commission and interactions with headquartersSupport and Interaction with SDC Country OfficesPartnerInstitutions/NetworkResearch Policy