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Distance learning CONTENTS:- Introduction History Technology used in delivery Types of distance education courses Best distance learning universities in India Pros and cons
DISTANCE LEARNING :- IT IS THE FIELD OF EDUCATIONTHAT FOCUSES ON TECHNOLOGY AND INSTRUCTIONALSYSTEM DESIGNS THAT AIM TO DELIVER EDUCATION TOSTUDENTS WHO ARE NOT PHYSICALLY “ON SITE”
History of distance educationIt started in 1700s in the form of correspondence edu cation. but technology-baseddistance education might be best linked to theintroduction of audiovisual devices into theschools in the early 1900s.Instructional media were introduced into manyextension programs by 1920 in the form of slidesand motion pictures just as they were in theclassroom.
By the year 2000, more than 80 percent of off-campus and 10 to 20percent of on-campus instruction would take place throughtelecommunications (Carnegie Commission, 1972).
TECHNOLOGY USED IN DELIVERY • Synchronous technology • Asynchronous technology
SYNCHRONOUS TECHNOLOGIES Web-based VoIP Telephone Videoconferencing Web conferencing Direct-broadcast satellite Internet radio Live streaming
SYNCHRONOUS TECHNOLOGY Web based VoIP:-Web-based VoIP is based on the concept of click to talk, which is a form of Web-based communication in which a person clicks an object (i.e. button, image, or text) to request an immediate connection with another person in real-time either by phone call, Voice-over-Internet-Protocol (VoIP), or text. Click to talk requests are most commonly made through websites but can also be initiated by hyperlinks placed in email, blogs, flash animations, or video, and other Internet-based object or user interface…..
Internet radio (also known as web radio, net radio,streaming radio and e-radio) is an audio servicetransmitted via the Internet. Music streaming on theInternet is usually referred to as webcasting since it isnot much like traditional broadcast media; in thisrespect, it is distinct from on-demand file serving.Internet radio services are usually accessible fromanywhere in the world—for example, one could listen toan Australian station from Europe or America.
A video conference (also known as avideo tele conference) is a set ofinteractive tele communicationtechnologies which allow two or morelocations to interact via two-way video andaudio transmissions simultaneously.
Web conferencing is used to conductlive meetings, training, or presentationsvia the Internet. In a web conference,each participant sits at his or her owncomputer and is connected to otherparticipants via the internet.
Direct broadcast satellite:- (DBS) is a termused to refer to satellite television broadcastsintended for home reception.A designation broader than DBS would bedirect-to-home signals, or DTH.
A TDK D-60 cassette, a common speech-quality tape with a 60-minute playing time, in ahousing similar to that of the original Compact Cassette specification.
Electronic mail:- most commonly abbreviatedemail or e-mail, is a method of exchanging digitalmessages. E-mail systems are based on a store-and-forward model in which e-mail server computersystems accept, forward, deliver and storemessages on behalf of users, who only need toconnect to the e-mail infrastructure, typically an e-mail server…
An Internet forum, or message board, is anonline discussion site.
Streaming media are multimedia that areconstantly received by, and normally presented to,an end-user while being delivered by a streamingprovider (the term "presented" is used in this articlein a general sense that includes audio or videoplayback). The name refers to the delivery method ofthe medium rather than to the medium itself.
Videotape is a means of recording imagesand sound onto magnetic tape as opposed tomovie film or random access digital media.Videotapes are also used for storing scientific ormedical data, such as the data produced by anelectrocardiogram.
Voicemail (or voice mail, voice-mail, vmail orVMS, sometimes called messagebank) is acentralized system of managing telephonemessages for a large group of people. The term isalso used more broadly, to denote any system ofconveying voice message, including theanswering machine.
Voice-centered technology such as CD orMP3 recordings or WebcastsVideo technology, such as instructionalvideos, DVDs, and interactivevideoconferencingComputer-centered technology delivered overthe Internet or corporate intranet
TYPES OF DISTANCE EDUCATION COURSES Correspondence conducted through regular mail Internet conducted either synchronously or asynchronously Telecourse/Broadcast, in which content is delivered via radio or television CD-ROM, in which the student interacts with computer content stored on a CD-ROM PocketPC/Mobile Learning where the student accesses course content stored on a mobile device or through a wireless server Integrated distance learning, the integration of live, in-group instruction or interaction with a distance learning curriculum
BEST DISTANCE LEARNING UNIVERSTIES IN INDIA 1. Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) 2. Annamalai University- Popular courses at Distance Learning Courses at Annamalai University are M.B.A courses, M.Phil courses, Hotel Management Studies, Fashion Design Studies, I.T Programmes, Health Science Programmes. All the programmes of study offered by the Directorate of Distance Education have the approval of the Distance Education Council, New Delhi.
3.Osmania University- Ever since the OsmaniaUniversity established the Centre for DistanceEducation, the Centre has witnessedphenomenal growth and emerged as apioneering institution in the field of DistanceEducation, with potential for excellence.Candidates from all over India will be admittedwithout age and area restriction and without anyentrance test [Except for MBA & MCA ]providedthey fulfill the requisite conditions of eligibility tovarious courses.
4.Sikkim Manipal University- The coursesinclude Master degree programs, Bachelordegree programs, Diploma and PostGraduate diploma programs, both inInformation Technology and Managementcategory.5. NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY(NOU)- TheNalanda Open University is the only University inthe State of Bihar meant for imparting learningexclusively through the system of distanceeducation.•Nalanda Open University Biscomaun Bhawan,Gandhi Maidan, Patna-800001, Bihar, India
6. Symbiosis Centre for DistanceLearning(SCDL) Pune – Symbiosis Centre forDistance Learning(SCDL) is a centre ofexcellence offering quality Distance Education.7. Karnataka Open University – TotalEnrollment in the year 2000 were 27231;Enrollments in 2004 are over 30,000students
8. University of Madras Institute ofDistance Education (University of MadrasIDE), Chennai, Tamil Nadu9. Mahatma Gandhi University – School ofDistance Education, Kottayam, Kerala
10. ICFAI University – A number ofeducational programs are offered inmanagement, finance, banking, insurance,accounting, law, information technology, arts,commerce, education and science andtechnology at Bachelor’s and Master’s levelson full-time campus and flexible learningformats.
PROS AND CONS Pros:- Expanding access: Distance education can reach underserved populations of students who cannot attend a school that offers the educational services they desire, perhaps because they live too far away. Cost reduction: Distance education can turn production of content into a repeatable and durable learning tool that does not require as much infrastructure. As most material can be packaged in an easy to deliver "just-in-time" format, the expanding payroll of educational institutions becomes unnecessary. Emerging market opportunities: Distance education fuels the publics need for lifelong learning in education by providing access to learners not in the traditional k-12 age group. Adapting to new technology and environments: Educational institutions may adopt distance education as a means to adapt to the rapid changes in technology being used in education today.
Distance Learning Cons:Here are some factors that could negativelyaffect your success with distance learningcourses:-No Instructor Face Time:If your learning style is one where you likepersonalized attention from your teachers, thenonline education will probably not work for you.
Perceptions/Reputation -- while slowlychanging as more and more mainstreamcolleges and universities embrace distancelearning, there still is a stigma attached todistance education.Making Time -- if you are aprocrastinator or one of those people whoalways needs an extra push to completework, you may have a hard time makingtime for your online classes
Little Support -- students are expected to findtheir own resources for completingassignments and exams, which is empoweringfor some, but daunting for others.No Campus Atmosphere -- part of thetraditional college experience, of course, is thebeauty of the campus, the college spirit -- butyou have none of that with distance-educationcourses.
Requires New Skills/Technologies -- ifyou’re not computer-savvy or are afraidof change or new technologies, thenonline education will probably not workfor you.No Social Interaction -- while you ofteninteract with classmates via email, chatrooms, or discussion groups, there areno parties or offline get-togethers.
WHAT KIND OF STUDENTS BENEFIT FROMTHIS KIND OF LEARNING? This approach to learning works best for highly motivated students who already take responsibility for their learning, and dont need reminders from teachers or classmates. If you are a take-charge person, who likes getting things done on your own, you will do very well in distance learning.
HOW CAN I KNOW DISTANCE LEARNING ISRIGHT FOR ME? Ask yourself a few questions: Are you comfortable learning in a less socialsituation? You need to be able to learn effectivelyoutside of a traditional classroom setting.
Are you comfortable learning in a lesssocial situation? You need to be able tolearn effectively outside of a traditionalclassroom setting.
Are you self-disciplined? If you needsome external motivator like showing upfor class each day, then OnlineLearning may not be for you.
· Are you really focused on your learning goals? Do you have compelling reasons to stay on track and not to neglect your coursework?
Do you have time? Do you have enoughtime to devote to the coursework?