Introduction to ICT and its application to Instructional Materials Development
GROUP ONE (1)
INTRODUCTION TO I.C.T AND ITS
APPLICATION TO INSTRUCTIONAL
DEFINITION OF ICT
Information and Communication Technology is an
umbrella term that include any communication device or
application, that encompasses radio, television, cellular
phones, computer, network hardware and software,
satellite systems among others as well as various services
and application associated with them, such as video
conferencing and distance learning.
Component of ICTs
Therefore, ICT are defined for the purpose of learning
process as a diverse set of technological tools and
resources used to communicate , to create, disseminate,
store and manage information.
More so, another definition of ICT is that, it is a
computer based tools used by people to work with the
information and technology processing needs of an
In recent years, there has been a groundswell of
interest in how computers and the internet can best be
addressed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of
education at all levels and informal and non formal
settings. But ICT's are more than just these old
technologies such as telephone, radio and television
although now given less attention but they have a longer
& richer history as instructional tools.
Brief history of ICT
The phrase ICT's has been used by academic
researcher since the 1980's but it became popular after
it was used in a report in the united kingdom by Dennis
Stevenson in 1997 and in the National Curriculum for
England, Wales and in the Northern Ireland in 2000. As
of sept 2013, the term ICT in UK national curriculum has
been replaced by the broader term "Computing".
The prevalance and rapid development of
information and communication (ICTs) has transformed
human society from information age to knowledge age
(Gal breath 2000). It is widely known that ICT, ict can be
used to improve the quality of teaching and learning at
any level of education.
Examples of Information Computer Technology
relevant to instructional materials development;
The pictorial examples of ICT devices
that are useful for classroom
Advantages of using ICT as an instructional tools
i. Through ICT, images can easily be used in teaching
and improving the retentive memory of students.
ii. ICT is of tremendous importance to learning because
it engages all sense organ of learners through seeing,
feeling, hearing and thinking.
iii. It provide the learner with fast and searchable
access to vast amounts of information, through
search engine like Google search, devil finder,
yahoo search e.t.c
iv. it involves more senses for perception than hearing
v. it gives the students extra access to the lesson
more than the volume they had in the normal
vi. making use of ict devices such as visual devices
like projector, TV set e.t.c in class room, helps
stimulate the attention of the learners
vii. Through ICT, teacher can easily explain complex
instructions and ensure student’s comprehension.
viii. Through ICT, teacher are able to create interactive
classes and make the lesson more enjoyable, which
could improve student attendance and
vix . ICT as instructional material makes learning
interesting by not making learner get bored in classroom
Teachers are advice to be ICT compliance in other to
make use of ICT in development of instructional materials
because it is believe that audio-video aids are good for
stimulating attention and retention of knowledge.