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Tools for Designing Distance Learning Instruction


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Differences between live and online classrooms require instructors to adapt familiar tools and adopt new ones to create a learning environment in cyberspace. The presenter will describe one module in an online certification course for college faculty that examines technology tools to design and teach a web-based distance learning course.

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Tools for Designing Distance Learning Instruction

  1. 1. Tools for Designing Distance Learning Instruction Marsha Chan Mission College, Santa Clara, CA Pasadena, California April 16-19, 2009
  2. 2. WVMCCD’s New Distance Learning Instructor Certification Course <ul><li>Trains faculty to develop DL courses that </li></ul><ul><li>Reflect best practices in higher ed </li></ul><ul><li>Are technologically enhanced </li></ul><ul><li>Are learner centered </li></ul><ul><li>Are richer in content </li></ul><ul><li>Promote interactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Course Developers & Facilitators </li></ul><ul><li>Britta Burton </li></ul><ul><li>Marsha Chan </li></ul><ul><li>Heidi Diamond </li></ul><ul><li>Max Gault </li></ul><ul><li>Dulce M. Gray </li></ul><ul><li>Lisa Kaaz </li></ul><ul><li>Vicky Kalivitis </li></ul><ul><li>Curtis Pembrook </li></ul><ul><li>Cindy Vinson </li></ul>
  3. 3. Brief background
  4. 4. 8 Modules <ul><li>Module 1 </li></ul>Module 2 Module 3 Module 4 Orientation Pedagogy Course Management Ethics Introduction to DL Is online teaching right for you? Preparing for online instruction Synchronous vs. asynchronous tools Basic Organizational skills Principles of adult learning theory Learning styles and modalities Learning domains Bloom’s taxonomy Motivation models SLOs Web-enhanced, hybrid models Org/access Clear, consistent communication Tracking multiple sections Increasing efficiency Student retention Need for ethical literacy in DL Ethics definition Net generation Analysis of major issues Intellectual property, copyright, ADA Impact of ethics in DL
  5. 5. 8 Modules, con’t <ul><li>Module 5 </li></ul>Module 6 Module 7 Module 8 Design Tools Software Applications Audio/Video Evaluation Evaluating tech Browsers/plug-ins Web browsers Microsoft aps Apple aps Adobe aps CCC Confer ADA accessibility Relevant software PowerPoint ® Articulate ® Camtasia ® Impatica ® Captivate ® Live Chat How to use college equipment Basic production Audio/video content Captioning audio/video content to Section 508 standards Converting content for online Theories/Practices Formative/ Summative models Designing effective evaluation tools Evaluation challenges Best evaluation practices
  6. 6. Introduction to Tools for Designing Distance Learning Instruction <ul><li>The following topics are introduced: </li></ul><ul><li>An overview of tools to create online learning objects </li></ul><ul><li>Links and references to resources to support these tools </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting tools, solutions, and pedagogical purposes </li></ul><ul><li>ADA accessibility considerations </li></ul>
  7. 7. Student Learning Objectives (SLOs): Participants will be able to… <ul><li>1. Describe eight tools for designing distance learning instruction. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Locate resources for designing distance learning instruction. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Identify tools appropriate for specific pedagogical purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Classify tools and resources on a personal learning curve as familiar, learn-soon, and not-now . </li></ul><ul><li>5. Choose several tools to use in designing elements of an online course. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Recall ADA accessibility guidelines for distance education learning instruction. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Assignment overview <ul><li>Pts Description </li></ul><ul><li>0 Survey: Vote for the time of our live web conference! </li></ul><ul><li>10 Download and read Evaluating Technology PDF </li></ul><ul><li>20 CCC Confer: attend web conference or access archive </li></ul><ul><li>10 Quiz on browsers & plug-ins </li></ul><ul><li>15 Post to the Discussion Forum for MS aps </li></ul><ul><li>15 Post to the Discussion Forum for Sound, photos, movies </li></ul><ul><li>30 Module 5 quiz on design tools, CCC Confer Report </li></ul>
  9. 9. Greeting <ul><li>Text + photo + sound </li></ul><ul><li>Hello, I'm Marsha Chan. Welcome to Introduction to Design Tools. I'll be your facilitator as we explore tools and resources for designing elements of online courses. If you have any questions, feel free to email me from Angel > Communicate > Send Mail. [ link ] </li></ul>
  10. 10. Evaluating technology <ul><li>The US Distance Learning Association's Instructional Media Selection Guide </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling Technologies Supporting Synch & Asynch Learning Environments </li></ul><ul><li>Strengths and Weaknesses of Instructional Delivery Media </li></ul><ul><li>Asynchronous Web-Based Instruction (WBI) </li></ul><ul><li>Audio Conferencing </li></ul><ul><li>Audiographics (Electronic White Boards) </li></ul><ul><li>Computer-Based Instruction (CBI) </li></ul><ul><li>Recorded Audio (tape, CD ROM, or podcast) </li></ul><ul><li>Recorded Video (tape, DVD, Vodcasting) </li></ul><ul><li>Blended Learning--An Integration of Media </li></ul><ul><li>Distance Learning Instructional Media Selection… and more </li></ul>
  11. 11. Synchronous web conference <ul><li>CCC Confer [ link ] </li></ul><ul><li>Elluminate [ link ] </li></ul>
  12. 12. You are invited! Using Web Conferencing for Online Teaching Marsha Chan Fri. April 17, 2:15-3:45 p.m. Electronic Village
  13. 13. CCC Confer report <ul><li>Attend the synchronous discussion with Marsha or access the archive. </li></ul><ul><li>Short essay: Elaborate on your experience above in relation to the objectives of this module. In your response, include your discipline and/or intended course. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Browsers and plug-ins <ul><li>Popular browsers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Those that work with WVM’s AngelLearning learning management system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Those that don’t </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Common plug-ins </li></ul><ul><li>Where to look for help </li></ul><ul><li>Who to get help from </li></ul>
  15. 15. Microsoft applications + AngelLearning <ul><li>Using Word in Angel </li></ul><ul><li>Using Excel in Angel </li></ul><ul><li>Using PowerPoint in Angel </li></ul><ul><li>Windows Media </li></ul><ul><li>Windows Movie Maker </li></ul><ul><li>+ Examples of the above </li></ul>
  16. 16. Reflections on MS applications <ul><li>Post to the Discussion Board </li></ul><ul><li>Which Microsoft applications are you familiar with? </li></ul><ul><li>Which ways of using these applications in Angel are you comfortable with (e.g., copying & pasting in a page, uploading to Angel, outputting to another format, linking to an external server, importing into a quiz)? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there any other ways that you would like to use these aps for your online course (specify the course)? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there any that you do not particularly want or need to use in your online course? Specify the course or discipline. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Using sound in your online or web-enhanced course <ul><li>SourceForge Audacity [ link ] </li></ul><ul><li>Other sound editors </li></ul><ul><li>What is a podcast? [ links ] </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Using Audacity to provide comments on a student's oral recording [ link ] Describes how language teachers can import a student recording, record comments and corrections, export the file as an mp3, and teach listeners to hear one or both tracks. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Format: m4a </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Author: Marsha Chan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software used to create the podcast: Audacity, GarageBand, iPhoto, Word </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Incorporating photos, movies, and other web-based learning objects <ul><li>iLife: Apple's suite of applications for photos, webpages, music, movies, DVDs, etc [ link ] </li></ul>
  19. 19. Using images in your online course <ul><li>Send an image to students by email. </li></ul><ul><li>Insert an image in Word, PowerPoint, or Articulate. [ link ] </li></ul><ul><li>Use it in an enhanced podcast. [ link ] </li></ul><ul><li>Upload to a web server and link it to your Angel course. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Link a photo to your personal info: your photo appears when you send email & post to a discussion board. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Link an image to an Angel page, an Announcement, a quiz page. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Creating podcasts for anytime anywhere learning <ul><li>Tutorials </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio podcast [ link ] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced podcast [ link ] </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Creating a video clip for your online course <ul><li>Windows Movie Maker tutorial [ link ] </li></ul><ul><li>Apple iMovie tutorial [ link ] </li></ul><ul><li>Final Cut Express [ link ] </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Best Practices in Distance Learning 2008 [ link ] </li></ul>
  22. 22. Reflections on tools for sound, photos, movies <ul><li>Reflect on the learning outcomes for your online course. Can sound, images, movies, external websites, or podcasts serve any pedagogical purpose in the online or web-enhanced course that you plan to teach? </li></ul>
  23. 23. Adobe tools for visual media <ul><li>Adobe Reader [ link ] (~Apple Preview) </li></ul><ul><li>Acrobat: reliable, consistent final print documents [ link ] </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrator: vector-based drawings [ link ] </li></ul><ul><li>Photoshop: pixel-based images [ link ] </li></ul><ul><li>Dreamweaver: web development [ link ] </li></ul><ul><li>Flash: rich interactive content [ link ] </li></ul><ul><li>Captivate: simulations, training [ link ] </li></ul>
  24. 24. Locking in your files in Portable Document Format (PDF) <ul><li>PDF files and forms can be created, viewed and printed from almost any platform including Apple Macintosh OS X®, Microsoft® Windows®, UNIX® and LINUX® as well as numerous mobile platforms and devices. </li></ul><ul><li>@ONE Desktop Seminars (archives) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ABCs of PDFs, Part 1: Getting Started Making PDFs [ link ] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ABCs of PDFs: Part 2: Bookmarks, Forms, and Security [ link ] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ABCs of PDFs, Part 3: Creating Accessible PDF Documents [ link ] </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. American Disability Act (ADA) Accessibility <ul><li>Web Content Accessibility Guidelines [ link ] </li></ul><ul><li>Selected guidelines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide equivalent alternatives to auditory and visual content. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don't rely on color alone. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clarify natural language usage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure direct accessibility of embedded user interfaces. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure that documents are clear and simple. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>On-campus resources </li></ul><ul><li>Example of 9 video clips with closed captioning [ link ] </li></ul>
  26. 26. Intro to Design Tools Final Quiz <ul><li>17 fill-in-the-blank and short essay items, including </li></ul><ul><li>Identify tools + pedagogical purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>Classify tools and resources on a personal learning curve as familiar, learn-soon, and not-now. </li></ul><ul><li>Essay: Choose three salient ideas from AN INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA SELECTION GUIDE FOR DISTANCE LEARNING. Summarize and comment on them from your perspective, considering your discipline or intended online or web-enhanced course. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Q & A / Marsha’s contact info <ul><li> [ link ] Mission College Santa Clara, California </li></ul><ul><li> [ link ] Sunburst Media for Language Learners Sunnyvale, California </li></ul><ul><li>Visit me in the CATESOL Exhibit Hall at Sunburst Media Booth 402 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marsha wearing several hats </li></ul></ul>