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Child abuse by puneet sharma

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Child abuse  by puneet sharma Child abuse by puneet sharma Presentation Transcript

  • CHILD ABUSE Prepared By : Puneet Sharma
  • CHILD ABUSEChild abuse is defined as the physical, emotional and thesexual abuse of children.It can take place anywhere in the organizations, schools, communities or even in a child’s home
  • ABUSE Consists of any act, or failure to act, that endangers a child’s physical or emotional health and development Also sometimes called child maltreatment
  • FACTS:• India has the largest num­ ber of chil­dren (375 mil­lion) in the world, nearly 40% of its population• 69% of Indian chil­dren are vic­tims of phys­i­cal, emo­ tional, or sex­ual abuse (or read it as every 2 out of 3)• New Delhi, the nation’s cap­ i­tal, has an abuse rate of over 83%• 89% of the crimes are per­ pe­trated by fam­ily members• Boys face more abuse (>72%) than girls (65%)• More than 70% of cases go Parents ­ the most common abusers unre­ported and unshared even with parents/family •because abuse commonly occurs in the family • and often involves young preverbal children, • many cases are neverdiscovered or reported.
  • More Facts : Today, children are eight to ten times more likely to be abused in the foster Care system than in their own homes Most sexual abuse offenders are not strangers but persons that the abused child knows and trusts.
  • Physical/mental problemsalcohol and drug abuseLack of knowledgePersonal knowledge andproblemsParents were abused childrenbefore
  • Four types of child abuse:
  • Type of Child Abuse:• Neglect ­ failure to meet basic needs• Physical ­ intentional infliction of physical injury• Sexual ­ sexual contact or exploitation• Emotional ­ behaviors resulting in humiliation, rejection, fear, isolation, etc
  • Statistics*• Child abuse in India, according to the NCPCR (National Commission for Protection of Child Rights) report, increased to 763 for 2009­10 from 35 in 2007­08. Child abuse complaints included incidents of rape, trafficking, humiliation, physical and mental torture. As per the NCPCR report, in India, the maximum number of child abuse complaints was received from Uttar Pradesh which stood at 179. Uttar Pradesh was followed by Delhi, Orissa, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal from where 127,58,46,42 and 39 cases were received respectively. North eastern states of India, Sikkim, Meghalaya, and Tripura reported no child abuse complaints.
  • Help!!Help!! Help!!
  • Physical Abuse
  • Signs of Physical Abuse•burns, human bite marks, cuts, bruises or welts in the shape of an object•Imprint burns and immersion burns•Spiral fractures•Has resistance going home•Seems frightened of the parents and protests or cries when it is time to go home from school•Fear of adults•Reports injury by a parent or another adult caregiver•Antisocial behaviors (truancy, running away form home, stealing, substance abuse)•Head injuries
  • . Bite MarkThis isBritality!!
  • Burns “Any burn may be intentional”•“Common” burns •“Suspicious” burns•Splatter/splash pattern •Immersion/dunking patterns•Burns consistent with history •Contact pattern and child’s developmental level •Bilateral burns •Cigarette burn
  • aken Baby Syndrome“Caused by VIGOROUS shaking of infant or small child”•Tearing/shredding of small cerebral blood vessels and neurons•Sudden or rapid CNS involvement•Retinal hemorrhage
  • Sexual Abuse
  • Sexual Abuse• Any sexual act between an adult and a child, including penetration, intercourse, incest, rape, and sodomy
  • Perpetrators• Childcare professionals or babysitters• Clergy, teachers, or athletic coaches• Foster parents or host families or foreign­exchange students
  • Signs of sexual abuse: Inappropriate interest in or knowledge of sexual acts Demonstrates bizarre, sophisticated, or unusual knowledge and behavior Seductiveness or promiscuity Running away from home Avoidance of things related to sexuality, or rejection of own body or genitals excessive aggression Fear of particular person or family member difficulty sitting or walking
  • Emotional Abuse•usually present when another form of abuse is found.•Has more long-lasting negative psychiatric effects than either physical abuse or sexual abuse.
  • Belittling or shaming yelling, screaming, threatening, frightening, or bullying Belittling or shaming Humiliating the child, name-calling, making negative comparisons to others. Telling the child he or she is “no good” “worthless” “bad” or “a mistake”Lack of affection and warmth Showing little to no physical affection (such as hugs) or words of affection (praising) Habitual blaming Telling the child that everything is his or her fault Ignoring or rejecting Withdrawing attention, giving “the cold shoulder”, disregarding Extreme punishment Confinement to a closet or dark room, tying to a chair for long periods of time, or terrorizing a child Exposure to violence Witnessing violent behavior, including the physical abuse of others Child exploitation Taking advantage of a child, including child labor Child abduction The trauma of being kidnapped, including kidnapping by a parent, amounts to abuse
  • Some sign of emotional abuse (images) apathy, depression may lead to withdrawal to anger learning difficulties/ difficulty concentrating nervous habits (nail biting, thumb sucking) conduct disorders (hostility or antisocial) shows extremes in behavior, such as overly compliant of demanding behavior, passivity or aggression delayed in physical or emotional development attempts suicide Reports lack of attach ment to the parent
  • Neglect Includes educational,physical,emotional
  • Consequences of Child Abuse:Physical and behavioural indicators injury, emotional impairment, permanent disability, anger, difficulty trusting others, increased risk of low academic achievement, Sleep disturbanceChronic syndrome: chronic pain syndromes, irritable bowel syndrome, GI disordersMental Health: (post traumatic stress disorder), Anxiety, Depression, Eating disorders, Low self­esteem, PhobiasNegative health behaviours: aggressive, Attempts suicide, Adult criminality Juvenile delinquency, Drug/Alcohol abuse, Promiscuity, physical inactivityReproductive health: unwanted pregnancy, STD/HIV, gynaecological disorders, unsafe abortion, pregnancy complications, pelvic inflammatory diseases
  • • REPUBLIC ACT – "Special Protection of Children Against Abuse, Exploitation and Discrimination Act.• REPUBLIC ACT – an act prohibiting the employment of children below 14 years of age in public and private undertakings.
  • To prevent child abuse and neglect  Understand the problem  Understand the terms  Understand the causes  Support programs that support families  Report suspected abuse and neglect  Spread the word  Strengthen the awareness of our community  Be ready in an emergency
  • WHAT CAN BE DONE??????? Health Workers can:Educate themselves about physical, sexual abuse and explore their own biases, fears, and prejudices  Provide supportive, non-judgmental care to victims of violence  Ask clients about abuse in a friendly, gentle way The Community can: Urge understanding, compassion, and concern for victims of violence  Support the efforts of abused women to leave relationships that put them at risk Parents can:explain to their children the reason/s behind marital conflicts and try to resolve it  teach their children to respect others and themselves  encourage the health, safety and intellectual development of their children and help boost their self-esteem  avoid hitting their children; use non-violent forms of discipline instead  talk to their children about sex, love and interpersonal relationships; emphasize that sex is consensual
  • i In its virulent form it leads to…..
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  • THANK YOU!!!