Acknowledgement of taken
• Brittany Schell.
• Eric Erndtemn.
• Dr. Rash Salama
So long as little children are“
allowed to suffer, there is no
”true love in this world
Definition of Child Abuse
“The physical or mental injury, sexual abuse or exploitation,
negligent treatment, or maltreatment of a child under the
age of 18 by a person who is responsible for the child’s
welfare under circumstances which indicate that the child’s
health or welfare is harmed or threatened.”
Child Welfare Act
‘‘Child abuse or maltreatment constitutes all
forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment,
sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or
commercial or other exploitation, resulting in
actual or potential harm to the child’s health,
survival, development or dignity in the context of a
relationship of responsibility, trust or power.’’
Continue second definition.
Any behavior directed toward a child that
endangers or impairs a child’s physical
or emotional health and development”
Types of Child Abuse
• physical abuse
• sexual abuse
• emotional abuse
Physical abuse is any non-accidental injury to a child
under the age of 18 by a parent or caretaker. These
injuries may include beatings, shaking, burns, human
bites, strangulation, or immersion in scalding water or
others, with resulting bruises and welts, fractures,
scars, burns, internal injuries or any other injuries.
Psychological Neglect - the consistent failure of a
parent or caretaker to provide a child with
appropriate support, attention, and affection.
• Emotional abuse includes the failure of a caregiver to provide
an appropriate and supportive environment, and includes acts
that have an adverse effect on the emotional health and
development of a child.
• Such acts include restricting a child’s movements, denigration,
ridicule, threats and intimidation, discrimination, rejection and
other nonphysical forms of hostile treatment.
CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE
Child sexual abuse is the exploitation of a child or
adolescent for the sexual gratification of another
• Neglect refers to the failure of a parent to provide for
the development of the child – where the parent is in a
position to do so – in one or more of the following
areas: health, education, emotional development,
nutrition, shelter and safe living conditions.
• Neglect is thus distinguished from circumstances of
poverty in that neglect can occur only in cases where
reasonable resources are available to the family or
THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD.
• Access to quality, free, compulsory primary
• Non-Discrimination in access to education
(Aims of Education: art. 29)
• Right to leisure, recreation and cultural
Right to Health
Access to quality health services
Rights of children with disabilities
Adolescents and reproductive health knowledge
Right to benefit from social security
Right to an adequate standard of living
Right to Special Protection
•Protection from all forms of exploitation (economic,
•Violence against children (physical, psychological &
•Female Genital Mutilation & early marriage.
•Torture and deprivation of liberty for juvenile in conflict
with the law
•Smoking, substance abuse, and trafficking.
people who can protect the child
Respect the right to
(Indicators of Child Abuse (Discovered by Family Doctor
Type of Abuse
Unexplained bruises, welts, burns,
fractures, or bald patches on scalp
Wary of adult contact, frightened of
parents or afraid to go home,
withdrawn or aggressive, moves
uncomfortably, wears inappropriate
clothing for weather
Difficulty walking or sitting; torn or
stained/blood underclothes; pain,
itching, bruises, swelling in genital
area; frequent urinary or yeast
Advanced sexual knowledge,
promiscuity, sudden school
difficulties, self-imposed social
isolation, avoidance of physical
contact or closeness, depression
Speech or communicative disorder,
delayed physical development,
exacerbation of existing conditions,
Habit disorders, antisocial or
destructive behaviors, neurotic traits,
behavior extremes, developmental
Consistent hunger, poor hygiene,
inappropriate dress, unattended
medical problems, underweight,
failure to thrive
Self-destructive behaviors, begging or
stealing food, constant fatigue,
assuming adult responsibilities or
concerns, frequently absent or tardy,
states no caretaker in home
Intervention to child abuse.
School intervention programs
Community intervention programs
Student assistance programs.
Ensure protection of rights of children in conflict
with the law.
Define criminal responsibility and penalty in
proportion to child age.
Initiate measures to protect children against
Monitor juvenile courts effectiveness.
Promote physical and psychological rehabilitation
Establish family friendly courts.