What are bloodborne pathogens? Viruses, bacteria and other critters that arecarried in a person’s bloodstream and cancause disease. If you come in contact with blood infected witha blood borne pathogen, you may becomeinfected as well.
What are examples of bloodbornepathogens? Hepatitis B – a virus that attacks the liver. There is avaccine that will give you lifetime protection from thehepatitis B virus. It is given in a series of 3 injections inyour arm. Over 95% of recipients develop adequateimmunity after receiving the vaccine. Hepatitis C – also attacks the liver. There is no vaccinefor hepatitis C. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) – the virus thatcauses AIDS. It attacks the immune system.
What are my chances of becoming infected if Ihave serious exposure (the infected blood gets in yourblood) to one of these viruses? Hepatitis B – if you’ve had the vaccine, therisk is virtually none. If you have not beenvaccinated, there is up to a 30% chanceyou’ll become infected. Hepatitis C – there is about a 1.8% chanceyou’ll become infected. HIV – the risk is less than 0.1%.
What are StandardPrecautions?PrecautionsStandard
What are Standard Precautions? Infection Control measures required by law that aredesigned to promote healthcare worker safety. Treat each and every patient as if he or she has abloodborne pathogen such as HIV or hepatitis and youprotect yourself from possibly being exposed to thatpatient’s blood at all times. This may mean wearing personal protective equipment(PPE)such as a gown, goggles, mask, gloves when at riskof exposure. It means handling sharps carefully, minimizing splashing,using safety devices when possible, and not eating in anarea where there’s potential for exposure.
• The universal biohazard symbol. Itmeans there’s regulated waste inside:• Items contaminated with blood/body fluid. Keepyour hands out of it!What’s this?
What if I have a blood exposure? 1. Wash the site. 2. Notify your supervisor. Blood will be drawn from the source patient forimmediate testing for blood borne pathogens. Youwill get results as soon as possible. If needed,some medications may be offered to you in theevent the source patient has HIV or Hepatitis B. 3. Follow up with Infection Control. Infection Control will make sure you have the testresults and understand what they mean. If youneed further testing, Infection Control will notify youwhen it’s time to be tested.
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