MIV / VIGSHIV / AIDS<br />
StatistiekStatistics<br />
70% of the world’s estimated 40 million people living with HIV/AIDS are located in Sub-Saharan Africa.<br />
Sub-Saharan Africa is home to 90% of the world’s HIV infected children.<br />
Of 30 children born in sub-Saharan Africa- 10 will acquire the virus simply by being born- 4 will be infected from breast ...
Most of these children will notlive to see their 5th birthdays.<br />
12 million African children have been orphaned due to the AIDS virus.<br />
17 million Africans have already died since the epidemic began in the late 1970’s.<br />
Within 10 years the average life expectancy in 11 countries in Africa will drop below 40 as HIV/AIDS continues to shorten ...
The pandemic will peak in 2013It was also predicted that in 2015 the number of Aids-sick persons would be about three quar...
Waar kom dit vandaan?Where does it come from?<br />
HIV-2<br />SIV-2<br />HIV-1<br />SIV-1<br />MIV en SIV / HIV and SIV<br />Sooty Mangabeys<br />Chimpanzees <br />
Algemene FeiteGeneral Facts<br />
MIV en VIGS / HIV and AIDS<br /><ul><li>MIV – Menslikeimmuniteitsvirus
VIGS – Verworwe Immuniteitsgebrek Sindroom</li></ul>HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus<br />AIDS – Acquired Immunodeficien...
Verskil tussen MIV en VIGS / Difference between HIV and AIDS<br /><ul><li>MIV is die aanvanklike infeksie met amper geen s...
VIGS - die immuunsisteem is bykans totaal vernietig - CD4 telling is minder as 200 per m3 bloed</li></ul>HIV is the initia...
Waaruit bestaan bloed?What does blood consist of?<br />Plasma<br />Rooibloedselle<br />Witbloedselle<br />Plasma<br />Red ...
Bloed / Blood<br />
Rooibloedselle / Red Blood Cells<br /><ul><li>Dra suurstof na spiere en organe
Dra CO2  en afval weg van spiere</li></ul>Carries oxygen to muscles and organs<br />Carries CO2  and waste away from tissu...
Witbloedselle / White Blood cells<br />Beveg siektes en infeksies<br />Vorm die basis van die immuunstelsel<br /><ul><li>F...
Forms the basis of the immune system</li></li></ul><li>Wat doen MIV/ What does HIV do<br /><ul><li>MIV val witbloedselle a...
Wanneer die immuunstelsel afgebreek is, kan die liggaam nie siektes beveg nie en iets soos ʼn gewone verkoue kan dodelik ra...
Wat doen MIV/ What does HIV do<br />
Oorsake en VerspreidingCauses and Transmission<br />
Veroorsaak deur / Caused by<br /><ul><li>Word deur ‘n virusinfeksie veroorsaak
Virus = Menslike Immuniteit Virus</li></ul>Caused by an virus infection<br />Virus = Human Immunodeficiency Virus<br />
Die MIV virus / The HIV virus<br /><ul><li>Word gevind in die liggaamsvloeistowwe van mense:
Bloed
Semen
Vaginale vloeistof
Moedersmelk</li></ul>Can be found in the body fluids of people:<br />Blood products<br />Semen<br />Vaginal fluids<br />Br...
Infeksies deur... / Infection through…<br /><ul><li>Direkte oordrag:Direkte kontak
Indirekte oordrag:
Voorwerp-verspreidend
Direct transmissionDirect contact
Indirect transmission
Vehicleborne</li></li></ul><li>Direkte kontak / Direct contact<br /><ul><li>Seksuele omgang
Kontak met bloed tydens sport
Borsvoeding deur MIV+ moeders
Sexual intercourse
Contact with blood during sports
Breastfeeding by HIV+ mothers</li></li></ul><li>Indirekte kontak / Indirect contact<br /><ul><li>Die deel van dwelmnaalde
Oortappings met besmette bloed
Mediese praktisyns en noodhulp-personeel
The sharing of drug needles
Transfusions with infected blood
Medical practitioners and first aid personnel</li></li></ul><li>SimptomeSymptoms<br />
Simptome / Symptoms<br />VIGS vernietig die immuunstelsel<br />Simptome hang af van die siektes van die liggaam takel<br /...
Symptoms will depend on the opportunistic diseases the infected person contracts
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Miv vigs

16,483 views

Published on

Presentation by Vickey de Jager for Gr8 learners about HIV / AIDS. Transmission, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
16,483
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
78
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
85
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Miv vigs

  1. 1. MIV / VIGSHIV / AIDS<br />
  2. 2. StatistiekStatistics<br />
  3. 3. 70% of the world’s estimated 40 million people living with HIV/AIDS are located in Sub-Saharan Africa.<br />
  4. 4. Sub-Saharan Africa is home to 90% of the world’s HIV infected children.<br />
  5. 5. Of 30 children born in sub-Saharan Africa- 10 will acquire the virus simply by being born- 4 will be infected from breast feeding .<br />
  6. 6. Most of these children will notlive to see their 5th birthdays.<br />
  7. 7. 12 million African children have been orphaned due to the AIDS virus.<br />
  8. 8. 17 million Africans have already died since the epidemic began in the late 1970’s.<br />
  9. 9. Within 10 years the average life expectancy in 11 countries in Africa will drop below 40 as HIV/AIDS continues to shorten life spans.<br />
  10. 10. The pandemic will peak in 2013It was also predicted that in 2015 the number of Aids-sick persons would be about three quarters of a million, with a projected 5.4 million HIV-positive persons<br />
  11. 11. Waar kom dit vandaan?Where does it come from?<br />
  12. 12. HIV-2<br />SIV-2<br />HIV-1<br />SIV-1<br />MIV en SIV / HIV and SIV<br />Sooty Mangabeys<br />Chimpanzees <br />
  13. 13. Algemene FeiteGeneral Facts<br />
  14. 14. MIV en VIGS / HIV and AIDS<br /><ul><li>MIV – Menslikeimmuniteitsvirus
  15. 15. VIGS – Verworwe Immuniteitsgebrek Sindroom</li></ul>HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus<br />AIDS – Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome<br />
  16. 16. Verskil tussen MIV en VIGS / Difference between HIV and AIDS<br /><ul><li>MIV is die aanvanklike infeksie met amper geen simptome
  17. 17. VIGS - die immuunsisteem is bykans totaal vernietig - CD4 telling is minder as 200 per m3 bloed</li></ul>HIV is the initial infection with few symptoms<br />AIDS - the immune system is almost completely destroyed– CD4 count less than 200 per m3 blood<br />
  18. 18. Waaruit bestaan bloed?What does blood consist of?<br />Plasma<br />Rooibloedselle<br />Witbloedselle<br />Plasma<br />Red blood cells<br />White blood cells<br />
  19. 19. Bloed / Blood<br />
  20. 20. Rooibloedselle / Red Blood Cells<br /><ul><li>Dra suurstof na spiere en organe
  21. 21. Dra CO2 en afval weg van spiere</li></ul>Carries oxygen to muscles and organs<br />Carries CO2 and waste away from tissue<br />
  22. 22. Witbloedselle / White Blood cells<br />Beveg siektes en infeksies<br />Vorm die basis van die immuunstelsel<br /><ul><li>Fights disease and infections
  23. 23. Forms the basis of the immune system</li></li></ul><li>Wat doen MIV/ What does HIV do<br /><ul><li>MIV val witbloedselle aan en breek so die immuunsisteemaf
  24. 24. Wanneer die immuunstelsel afgebreek is, kan die liggaam nie siektes beveg nie en iets soos ʼn gewone verkoue kan dodelik raak</li></ul>HIV attacks white blood cells and breaks the immune system down <br />When the immune system is not working well they body can’t fight disease and something like a common cold can become deadly<br />
  25. 25. Wat doen MIV/ What does HIV do<br />
  26. 26. Oorsake en VerspreidingCauses and Transmission<br />
  27. 27. Veroorsaak deur / Caused by<br /><ul><li>Word deur ‘n virusinfeksie veroorsaak
  28. 28. Virus = Menslike Immuniteit Virus</li></ul>Caused by an virus infection<br />Virus = Human Immunodeficiency Virus<br />
  29. 29. Die MIV virus / The HIV virus<br /><ul><li>Word gevind in die liggaamsvloeistowwe van mense:
  30. 30. Bloed
  31. 31. Semen
  32. 32. Vaginale vloeistof
  33. 33. Moedersmelk</li></ul>Can be found in the body fluids of people:<br />Blood products<br />Semen<br />Vaginal fluids<br />Breast Milk<br />
  34. 34. Infeksies deur... / Infection through…<br /><ul><li>Direkte oordrag:Direkte kontak
  35. 35. Indirekte oordrag:
  36. 36. Voorwerp-verspreidend
  37. 37. Direct transmissionDirect contact
  38. 38. Indirect transmission
  39. 39. Vehicleborne</li></li></ul><li>Direkte kontak / Direct contact<br /><ul><li>Seksuele omgang
  40. 40. Kontak met bloed tydens sport
  41. 41. Borsvoeding deur MIV+ moeders
  42. 42. Sexual intercourse
  43. 43. Contact with blood during sports
  44. 44. Breastfeeding by HIV+ mothers</li></li></ul><li>Indirekte kontak / Indirect contact<br /><ul><li>Die deel van dwelmnaalde
  45. 45. Oortappings met besmette bloed
  46. 46. Mediese praktisyns en noodhulp-personeel
  47. 47. The sharing of drug needles
  48. 48. Transfusions with infected blood
  49. 49. Medical practitioners and first aid personnel</li></li></ul><li>SimptomeSymptoms<br />
  50. 50. Simptome / Symptoms<br />VIGS vernietig die immuunstelsel<br />Simptome hang af van die siektes van die liggaam takel<br />Algemene simptome sluit in:<br />Geelsug<br />Moegheid<br />Maagpyn<br />Lae eetlus<br />Naarheid<br />Konstante diarree<br />Gewrigspyne<br /><ul><li>AIDS destroys the immune system
  51. 51. Symptoms will depend on the opportunistic diseases the infected person contracts
  52. 52. General symptoms may include:
  53. 53. Jaundice
  54. 54. Fatigue
  55. 55. Abdominal pain
  56. 56. Loss of appetite
  57. 57. Nausea
  58. 58. Constant diarrhea
  59. 59. Joint pain</li></li></ul><li>4 Fases van MIV/VIGS / 4 Stages of HIV/AIDS<br />
  60. 60. Fase 1 / Stage 1<br />1 tot 6 weke na infeksie<br />Kort griep-tipe siekte<br />Kan ander begin infekteeer<br /><ul><li>Short, flu-like illness
  61. 61. Occurs one to six weeks after infection
  62. 62. Infected person can infect other people</li></li></ul><li>Fase 2 / Stage 2<br /><ul><li>Duur vir +- 10 jaar - min simptome
  63. 63. Soms geswolle kliere
  64. 64. Lae MIV telling
  65. 65. Sigbare gewigsverlies
  66. 66. Lugweginfeksies, koorsblare en swaminfeksies</li></ul>Lasts for +- ten years - few symptoms<br />There may be swollen glands<br />Low level of HIV in the blood<br />Visible weightloss<br />Respiratory infections, cold sores, fungal infections<br />
  67. 67. Fase 3 / Stage 3<br /><ul><li>Algemene simptome sigbaar
  68. 68. Immuunstelsel verswak
  69. 69. Opportunistiese siektes en kankers neem toe
  70. 70. Ernstige gewigsverlies
  71. 71. Kroniese diarree, koors, orale swaminfeksies & gewrigspyne
  72. 72. Pulmonêre TB
  73. 73. General symptoms visible
  74. 74. Immune system deteriorates
  75. 75. Opportunistic diseases and cancers increase
  76. 76. Serious weight loss
  77. 77. Chronic diarrhoea, fever, oral fungal infections and joint pains
  78. 78. Pulmonary TB</li></li></ul><li>Fase 4 / Stage 4<br /><ul><li>Imuunstelsel verswak
  79. 79. CD4 telling onder 200 per 1 ml3 bloed
  80. 80. Simptome baie ernstig – VIGS
  81. 81. Opportunistiese siektes en kankers raak dodelik</li></ul>The immune system weakens<br />CD4 count below 200 per 1ml3 blood<br />Symptoms severe –AIDS<br />Opportunistic diseases and cancers become deadly<br />
  82. 82. Fase 4 / Stage 4<br />
  83. 83. Opportunistiese siektesOpportunistic diseases<br />
  84. 84.
  85. 85. Bakterieë en Virusse / Bacteria and Viruses<br />Bacterial<br />Tuberculosis (TB)<br />Strep pneumonia<br />Viral<br />Kaposi Sarcoma<br />Herpes<br />Influenza (flu)<br />
  86. 86. Swamme / Fungi<br />Candidiasis, cryptococcosis and penicilliosis<br />
  87. 87. Parasiete / Parasites<br />Pneumocystiscarinii<br />
  88. 88. BehandelingTreatment<br />
  89. 89. Antiretrovirale Behandeling / Antiretroviral Drugs<br /><ul><li>Hou MIV vlakke laag
  90. 90. Laat die aftakeling van die immuunsisteem stadiger plaasvind
  91. 91. Help die immuunstelsel om skade wat deur MIV aangerig is te herstel</li></ul>Keeps HIV levels low <br />Slows down weakening of the immune system<br />Allows recovery from damage done by HIV<br />
  92. 92. Behandeling van opportunistiese siektes / Treatment of opportunistic diseases<br /><ul><li>Meeste opportunistiese siektes kan genees word
  93. 93. Indien opportunistiese siektes nie behandel word nie kan dit dodelik wees
  94. 94. Most opportunistic diseases can be cured
  95. 95. If opportunistic diseases are not treated they may be deadly</li></li></ul><li>VoorkomingPrevention<br />
  96. 96. Risikogedrag / Risk behavior<br /><ul><li>Losbandigheid
  97. 97. Dwelmmisbruik
  98. 98. Borsvoeding deur MIV + moeders
  99. 99. Onveilige gedrag deur mediese praktisyns</li></ul>Promiscuity<br />Substance abuse<br />Breastfeeding by HIV+ mothers<br />Unsafe practices by medical practitioners<br />
  100. 100. Voorkoming / Prevention<br /><ul><li>Onthouding
  101. 101. Monogamie
  102. 102. Veilige seksuele omgang
  103. 103. Steriele naalde</li></ul>Abstinence<br />Monogamous Relationship<br />Protected Sex<br />Sterile needles<br />
  104. 104. Onthouding/ Abstinence<br />It is the only 100 % effective method of not acquiring HIV/AIDS. <br />Refraining from sexual contact: oral, anal, or vaginal.<br />Refraining from intravenous drug use<br />
  105. 105. Monogamie/ Monogamous Relationships<br />A mutually monogamous (only one sex partner) relationship with a person who is not infected with HIV <br />HIV testing before intercourse is necessary to prove your partner is not infected<br />
  106. 106. Veiligeseks/ Safe sex<br />Use condoms (female or male) every time you have sex (vaginal or anal)<br />Always use latex or polyurethane condom (not a natural skin condom)<br />Always use a latex barrier during oral sex<br />
  107. 107. Toetse vir MIV / HIV Testing<br /><ul><li>Anoniem of konfidensieel
  108. 108. Unieke identifiserende nommer
  109. 109. Resultate slegs aan pasiënt gegee
  110. 110. Anonymous or confidential
  111. 111. Unique identifying number
  112. 112. Results issued only to test recipient</li></li></ul><li>Toetse vir MIV / HIV Testing<br /><ul><li>Die volgende liggaamsvloeistowwe kan vir toetsing gebruik word
  113. 113. Bloed
  114. 114. Urine
  115. 115. Orale smere</li></ul>The following body fluids may be uses for testing<br />Blood<br />Urine<br />Oral samples<br />

×