Sustainable Livelihoods


Published on

within given historical, political, cultural, economic, agro-ecological, demographic, social contexts

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • new White Paper onInternational development increased focus onm poverty dfid department’s response - NR department has developed what was originally called a sustainable rural livelihoods approach. thinking originiated for dfid nr in conceptual frameworks used in social science research in,particularly at ids, sussexx univeriuty. development has taken place through advisory goups consisting of dfid staff and others from outside dfid, incl organisations such as oxfam which have some past experience critical point was dfid nr advisers conference and subsequent collection of papers (huge demand)
  • changed to vulnerability context - includes political agroecological etc. where are the entry points ? rural strategies middle box is the policy level pentagon is the houdsehold and community level outcomes are what are monitored.
  • Sustainable Livelihoods

    1. 1. Sustainable Livelihoods
    2. 2. Sustainable Livelihoods <ul><li>within given historical, political, cultural, economic, agro-ecological, demographic, social contexts </li></ul>
    3. 3. Sustainable Livelihoods <ul><li>people develop livelihood strategies such as agricultural intensification or extensification, diversification or migration </li></ul>
    4. 4. Sustainable Livelihoods <ul><li>these strategies are mediated through institutional processes and structures such as government, laws, norms, policies </li></ul>
    5. 5. Sustainable Livelihoods <ul><ul><li>to deliver sustainable livelihood outcomes such as more income, increased well-being, reduced vulnerability, improved food security, more sustainable use of natural resource base </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Livelihood Assets <ul><li>Natural capital - The natural resource stocks from which resource flows useful to livelihood are derived (eg land, water, wildlife, biodiveristy, environmental resources). </li></ul>
    7. 7. Livelihood Assets <ul><li>Social capital - The social resources (networks, membership of groups, relationships of trust, access to wider institutions of society) upon which people draw in pursuit of livelihoods. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Livelihood Assets <ul><li>Human capital - The skills, knowledge, ability to labour and good health important to the ability to pursue different livelihood strategies. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Livelihood Assets <ul><li>Physical capital - The basic infrastructure (transport, shelter, water, energy and communications) and the production equipment and means which enable people to pursue their livelihoods. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Livelihood Assets <ul><li>Financial capital - The financial resources which are available to people (whether savings, supplies of credit or regular remittances or pensions) and which provide them with different livelihoods options. </li></ul><ul><li>Adapted from Scoones, 1998. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Influence & access VULNERABILITY CONTEXT <ul><li>SHOCKS </li></ul><ul><li>TRENDS </li></ul><ul><li>SEASONALITY </li></ul>POLICY, INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES <ul><li>Levels of government </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laws </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions </li></ul>LIVELIHOOD OUTCOMES <ul><li>More income </li></ul><ul><li>Increased well- being </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>Improved food security </li></ul><ul><li>More sustainable use of NR base </li></ul>H S P F N LIVELIHOOD ASSETS Framework IN ORDER TO ACHIEVE Sustainable Livelihoods LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES
    12. 12. How does the SL differ from previous approaches?
    13. 13. <ul><li>helps maintain focus on (poor) people </li></ul><ul><li>better analysis of development problems </li></ul><ul><li>better monitoring of development impact </li></ul><ul><li>probably improves team working </li></ul><ul><li>clear links between field and policy </li></ul>