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Social innovation for sustainable livelihoods

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FOIN 2017 Roundtables
Delhi, India

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Social innovation for sustainable livelihoods

  1. 1. From sustainable livelihoods to inclusive societal transformation through social innovation: Australia-India dialogue 3rd FOIN Festival, New Delhi GRII Session 6: Social Innovations for Large-Scale Societal Change तुम जो भी करोगे वो नगण्य होगा, लेककन यह ज़रूरी है कक तुम वो 1
  2. 2. Contributing (a little) to a conversation  In a social policy and development context how do we promote sustainable livelihoods and societal transformation through social innovation?  What common frameworks and concept s allow for better bilateral dialogue between Australia and India? 3rd FOIN Festival, New Delhi 2017 - Dr Gavin Melels 2 तुम जो भी करोगे वो नगण्य होगा, लेककन यह ज़रूरी है कक तुम वो
  3. 3. Understanding India - helpful conversations 3rd FOIN Festival, New Delhi 2017 - Dr Gavin Melels 3
  4. 4. Understanding social change – helpful books 3rd FOIN Festival, New Delhi 2017 - Dr Gavin Melels 4
  5. 5. Societal transformation through social innovation 1. build local capacities, “packages” to solve common problems, local movements to deal with other powerful actors 2. mobilize existing assets of marginalized groups. 3. Emphasize systematic learning by individuals and by the organization 4. founded by leaders with the capacity to work with and build bridges among very diverse stakeholders 5. expand impacts by investing in organization and management systems, investing in alliance building. 6. Scaling up strategies vary across forms of social entrepreneurship 7. Social transformation leverage and impacts vary across innovation forms  Four initiatives—BRAC, Grameen Bank, SEWA, and Highlander—were characterized by both high-reach (millions of people) and high- transformational impacts. In the first two cases, the initiatives created increasingly large and sophisticated nongovernmental organizations as vehicles for expanding their impacts. In the third, SEWA created local, national, and eventually international alliances of membership organizations to mobilize women in the informal sector. 3rd FOIN Festival, New Delhi 2017 - Dr Gavin Melels 5 Alvord, S. H., Brown, L. D., & Letts, C. W. (2004). Social Entrepreneurship and Societal Transformation: An Exploratory Study. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 40(3), 260–282.
  6. 6. Measuring social value: accountability, management and impact  Anyone who wants to finance social goods and anyone who wants to provide them should use metrics to clarify how inputs can contribute to outcomes, as well as to clarify choices and trade-offs. But they should abandon metrics that obscure these choices or that pretend to offer a spurious objectivity. And they should use metrics only in proportionate ways. It’s not sensible for a small NGO to invest scarce resources in apparently elaborate estimates of social value—not least because these estimates are bound to crumble under serious scrutiny  Meanwhile, larger NGOs that do need measures of social value should clearly distinguish between those that are primarily about external accountability, those that help internal management, and those that support assessments of broader patterns of social impact. If an organization is using the same method for all three, its findings are almost certainly flawed. People involved in funding social value, whether at the stage of promising innovations or of large-scale practice, likewise need sharper common frameworks. 3rd FOIN Festival, New Delhi 2017 - Dr Gavin Melels 6 Mulgan, G. (2010). Measuring Social Value. Stanford Social Innovation Review, (Summer), 38–43.
  7. 7. Household level framework for livelihoods  Institutional innovations (formal and informal) required, e.g. micro-credit  Increased assets per se is not enough for household and social change  Livelihood strategies are enabled by institutional change and lead to multiple benefits  SLF is relevant to social innovation and transformation in India and Australia Institutional innovation, e.g. micro-credit leads to increased capitals and reduced vulnerability, e.g. precarious living, enabling different livelihood strategies with positive livelihood outcomes The relevant institutional innovations to structures and processes can lead to societal transformation with respect to gender, power, politics, etc. beyond the short term outcomes Annual SOIL Increasing assets per se does not lead to better sustainable outcomes 3rd FOIN Festival, New Delhi 2017 - Dr Gavin Melels 7
  8. 8. Why greater focus on sustainable livelihoods for social policy and development practice? Hall, A., & Midgley, J. (2004). Social Policy and Rural Development: From Modernization to Sustainable Livelihoods. In Social Policy for Development (pp. 87–113). London & Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.  Rather than taking as its point of departure the conventional notion of poverty as measured against income or consumption criteria, a livelihoods framework assumes that people pursue multiple objectives; not just higher incomes but also improved health, access to education, reduced vulnerability and less exposure to risk. This is achieved by drawing upon a range of capital assets: financial, human, physical, natural and social. Patnaik, S., & Prasad, C. S. (2015). Revisiting sustainable livelihoods: Insights from implementation studies in India. Vision: The Journal of Business Perspective, 18(4), 353–358. http://doi.org/10.1177/0972262914553258 3rd FOIN Festival, New Delhi 2017 - Dr Gavin Melels 8  While there appear to be more studies using SLA in Africa, Indian planners still grapple with integrating these ideas and frameworks in their plans. Livelihoods are a recent addition to the rich repository of poverty alleviation programmes in Five-Year Plan documents. These programs are typically categorized as wage employment; self-employment; minimum needs programmes, and area development programmes (Mahajan et al., 2008) and discussions on livelihoods in India often are fit within self-employment programmes
  9. 9. Australian examples of societal transformation through social innovation? 3rd FOIN Festival, New Delhi 2017 - Dr Gavin Melels 9
  10. 10. Centre for Appropriate Technology  Our core activities fall under six key business areas:  Technology innovation and application  Applied project design, management and professional services  Community engagement, planning and facilitation  Place based accredited training, skills development and capacity building  Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander enterprise and jobs  Infrastructure design, engineering, construction and fabrication CAT Ltd is an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) controlled business with a majority ATSI Membership, Board and Chairman. CAT has a core commitment to providing employment opportunities for Aboriginal people who currently comprise 40% of parent company staff members. Based on a 38 hectare site 5km south of Alice Springs, CAT also comprises of offices in Darwin and Cairns. CAT has a national focus, currently undertaking projects across central and northern regions of the Northern Territory and in Western Australia, Queensland and South Australia. http://www.cat.org.au/ Acknowledgement to A/P Kurt Seeman, Swinburne University Davies, J., White, J., Wright, A., Maru, Y., & LaFlamme, M. (2008). Applying the sustainable livelihoods approach in Australian desert Aboriginal development. The Rangeland Journal, 30(1), 55. http://doi.org/10.1071/RJ07038 10
  11. 11. Hybrid social enterprise - Community Solar Co-Op Shares Sells Out in Minutes Pingala partnered with the environmentally- conscious Young Henrys brewery in Newtown, Sydney to build a solar farm on its roof, which will save an estimated 127 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions a year. The newly launched Pingala Cooperative, which sits alongside the Pingala Not for Profit, allows the organisation to raise funds from member investors to instal solar panels on its partner businesses. “We then lease the solar to the business, so they pay us a fee to be able to use the equipment as though it were their own, and through that we get a revenue stream that allows us to pay our costs and generate a small profit,” Pingala secretary Tom Nockolds told Pro Bono Australia News. 3rd FOIN Festival, New Delhi 2017 - Dr Gavin Melels 11 https://probonoaustralia.com.au/news/2016/08/communi ty-solar-co-op-shares-sells-minutes/

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