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T alking about the  F uture using  P resent  T enses
T alking about the  F uture using  P resent  T enses <ul><li>W hen you are talking about something in the future which is ...
T alking about the  F uture using  P resent  T enses <ul><li>I n statements about fixed dates, you normally use the presen...
T alking about the  F uture using  P resent  T enses <ul><li>W hen you want to talk about people’s plans or arrangements f...
T alking about the  F uture using  P resent  T enses <ul><li>Y ou often talk about the future using the present tense of v...
T alking about the  F uture using  P resent  T enses <ul><li>A fter the verb ‘hope’, you often use the present simple to r...
T alking about the  F uture using  P resent  T enses <ul><li>I n subordinate clauses, the relationship between tense and t...
T alking about the  F uture using  P resent  T enses <ul><li>I n subordinate clauses, the relationship between tense and t...
T alking about the  F uture using  P resent  T enses <ul><li>I n defining relative clauses, you normally use the present s...
T alking about the  F uture using  P resent  T enses <ul><li>I f you want to show that a condition has to be the case befo...
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Talking about the Future using Present Tenses

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Talking about the future using present tenses

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Transcript of "Talking about the Future using Present Tenses"

  1. 1. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses
  2. 2. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses <ul><li>W hen you are talking about something in the future which is based on an official timetable or calender, you use the present simple tense. You usually put a time adverbial in these sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>The train leaves Euston at 11.30 . </li></ul><ul><li>The UN General Assembly opens in New York this month . </li></ul>
  3. 3. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses <ul><li>I n statements about fixed dates, you normally use the present simple. </li></ul><ul><li>Tomorrow is Tuesday. </li></ul><ul><li>It ’s my birthday next month. </li></ul><ul><li>Monday is the seventeenth of July. </li></ul>
  4. 4. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses <ul><li>W hen you want to talk about people’s plans or arrangements for the future you use the present continuous tense. </li></ul><ul><li>I ’m meeting Bill next week. </li></ul><ul><li>They ’re getting married in June. </li></ul>
  5. 5. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses <ul><li>Y ou often talk about the future using the present tense of verbs such as ‘hope’, ‘expect’, ‘intend’, and ‘want’ with a ‘to’-infinitive clause, especially when you want to indicate your uncertainty about what will actually happen. </li></ul><ul><li>We hope to see you soon. </li></ul><ul><li>Bill expects to be back at work tomorrow. </li></ul>
  6. 6. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses <ul><li>A fter the verb ‘hope’, you often use the present simple to refer to the future. </li></ul><ul><li>I hope you enjoy your holiday. </li></ul>
  7. 7. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses <ul><li>I n subordinate clauses, the relationship between tense and time are different. In ‘if’-clauses and time clauses, you normally use the present simple for future reference. </li></ul><ul><li>If he comes , I’ll let you know. </li></ul><ul><li>Please start when you are ready. </li></ul><ul><li>We won’t start until everyone arrives . </li></ul>
  8. 8. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses <ul><li>I n subordinate clauses, the relationship between tense and time are different. In ‘if’-clauses and time clauses, you normally use the present simple for future reference. </li></ul><ul><li>If he comes , I’ll let you know. </li></ul><ul><li>Please start when you are ready. </li></ul><ul><li>We won’t start until everyone arrives . </li></ul>
  9. 9. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses <ul><li>I n defining relative clauses, you normally use the present simple, not ‘will’ to refer to the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Any decision that you make will need her approval. </li></ul><ul><li>Give my love to any friends you meet . </li></ul><ul><li>There’s a silver cup for the runner who finishes first . </li></ul>
  10. 10. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses <ul><li>I f you want to show that a condition has to be the case before an action can be carried out, you use the present perfect for future events. </li></ul><ul><li>We won’t start until everyone has arrived . </li></ul><ul><li>I’ll let you know when I have arranged everything. </li></ul>
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