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Talking about the Future using Present Tenses
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Talking about the Future using Present Tenses

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Talking about the future using present tenses

Talking about the future using present tenses

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  • 1. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses
  • 2. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses
    • W hen you are talking about something in the future which is based on an official timetable or calender, you use the present simple tense. You usually put a time adverbial in these sentences.
    • The train leaves Euston at 11.30 .
    • The UN General Assembly opens in New York this month .
  • 3. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses
    • I n statements about fixed dates, you normally use the present simple.
    • Tomorrow is Tuesday.
    • It ’s my birthday next month.
    • Monday is the seventeenth of July.
  • 4. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses
    • W hen you want to talk about people’s plans or arrangements for the future you use the present continuous tense.
    • I ’m meeting Bill next week.
    • They ’re getting married in June.
  • 5. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses
    • Y ou often talk about the future using the present tense of verbs such as ‘hope’, ‘expect’, ‘intend’, and ‘want’ with a ‘to’-infinitive clause, especially when you want to indicate your uncertainty about what will actually happen.
    • We hope to see you soon.
    • Bill expects to be back at work tomorrow.
  • 6. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses
    • A fter the verb ‘hope’, you often use the present simple to refer to the future.
    • I hope you enjoy your holiday.
  • 7. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses
    • I n subordinate clauses, the relationship between tense and time are different. In ‘if’-clauses and time clauses, you normally use the present simple for future reference.
    • If he comes , I’ll let you know.
    • Please start when you are ready.
    • We won’t start until everyone arrives .
  • 8. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses
    • I n subordinate clauses, the relationship between tense and time are different. In ‘if’-clauses and time clauses, you normally use the present simple for future reference.
    • If he comes , I’ll let you know.
    • Please start when you are ready.
    • We won’t start until everyone arrives .
  • 9. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses
    • I n defining relative clauses, you normally use the present simple, not ‘will’ to refer to the future.
    • Any decision that you make will need her approval.
    • Give my love to any friends you meet .
    • There’s a silver cup for the runner who finishes first .
  • 10. T alking about the F uture using P resent T enses
    • I f you want to show that a condition has to be the case before an action can be carried out, you use the present perfect for future events.
    • We won’t start until everyone has arrived .
    • I’ll let you know when I have arranged everything.
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