Present perfect vs present perfect continuous


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Explanation, practice and links to understand the main difference betweeen present perfect simple and continuous.

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Present perfect vs present perfect continuous

  2. 2. ContentsTimeline explaining present perfect continuous versus present perfect.( slide 3)Video link+ links to exercises.( slides 4-6)Explanation: (slides 7-15)
  3. 3. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS This tense is used to talk about an action or actions that started in the past and continued until recently or that continue into the future ( connection to the present) 2 main meanings:PAST NOW FUTUREI---1 h-----2 h-----3h-------4h-I Unfinished actions- present perfect continuous I’ve been painting the house for 4 hours ( emphasis on duration: it took me 4 hours) I’ve been decorating the house this summer ( emphasis on action: decorating) Completed actions- present perfect I’ve painted the house blue ( RESULT: it’s blue---I’ve finished painting) finished
  4. 4. WATCH THIS VIDEO EXPLANATION OF THE PRESENT PERFECT AND CONTINUOUSListen to an interview about a musician  // to Jennifer ESL. NOW DO SOME EXERCISES AND THE TESTS. Exercises on Present Perfect Simple and Present Perfect Progressive Result or duration: Exercise 1 Certain verbs:Exercise 3 Completion or duration: Exercise 4-
  5. 5. EXERCISES Result or side effect: Exercise 6 Mixed Exercises: Exercise 10, preperpro/exercises?ex10 Exercise 11
  6. 6. Do these tests online and check your answers.TEST 1: up/grammar/prepersim-preperpro/tests?test1TEST 2: up/grammar/prepersim-preperpro/tests?test2
  7. 7. REFERS TO: ACTION THAT HAS FINISHED BUT YOU CAN STILL SEE THE EVIDENCEOh, the kitchen is a mess. Who has been cooking?You look tired. Have you been sleeping properly?Ive got a stiff neck. Ive been working too long on computer.A: You look exhausted. What have you been doing?B: I’ve been sightseeing in the town. I’ve been walking all afternoon.
  8. 8. REFERS TO: AN ACTION THAT HAS NOT FINISHED Ive been learning Spanish for 20 years and I still dont know very much. Ive been waiting for him for 30 minutes and he still hasnt arrived. Hes been telling me about it for days. I wish he would stop.
  9. 9. REFERS TO: A SERIES OF ACTIONS Shes been writing to her regularly for a couple of years. Hes been phoning me all week for an answer. The university has been sending students here for over twenty years to do work experience.
  10. 10. ACTIONS THAT ARE STILL HAPPENINGHow long have you been living here? For 3 months.How long have you been working in your company? Since I was 25 years old.
  11. 11. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS AND TEMPORAL PHRASESThe present perfect continuous is often used with since, for, all week, for days, lately, recently, over the last few months.  Ive been wanting to do that for ten years.  You havent been getting good results over the last few months.  They havent been working all week. Theyre on strike  He hasnt been talking to me for weeks.  Weve been working hard on it for ages.  Ive been looking at other options recently.  Hes been working here since 2001.
  12. 12. WHERE’S THE FOCUS?UNFINISHED ACTION VS. FINISHED RESULT1. The focus is on the ACTION – decorating – and the action is unfinished.I’ve been decorating the bedroom all morning.2. The focus is on the FINISHED RESULT. The activity is finished but we can see the result now.I’ve decorated the bedroom this morning.
  13. 13. Result / Completion of action or duration? WHAT/ HOW MUCH/HOW MANY? VS. HOW LONG? In many cases, both forms are correct, but there is often a difference inmeaning:We use the Present Perfect Simple to emphasise the result.We use the Present Perfect Progressive to emphasise the duration orcontinuous course of an action.RESULT:(What/How many) I have written 5 letters. / I have been toLondon twice.I have done my homework. (Meaning: My homework is completed now.)DURATION(how long)I have been writing for an hour.I have been doing my homework ( Meaning: That’s how I have spent mytime. It does not matter whether the actino is completed or not.)
  14. 14. CONTINUOUS TENSES AND NON-ACTIONVERBSCertain verbsThe following verbs are usually only used in Present Perfect Simple (not in the progressive form).state: be, have (for possession only)  Example: We have been on holiday for two weeks.senses: feel, hear, see, smell, taste, touch  Example: He has touched the painting.brain work: believe, know, think, understand  Example: I have known him for 3 years  EXCEPTION: Work and live can be used with both tenses
  15. 15. SPEAKING: frequently used questionsHow long have you been learning English?  For ------years. ( For + period of time)  Since + year, month,etc. ( Since+ point in time)What have you been doing? The kitchen is a mess!Hi. You look exhausted…What have you been doing?  I‘ve been working in the garden
  16. 16. ResourcesAdapted from: reference/present-perfect-simple-and-present- perfect-continuous up/grammar/prepersim-preperproThanks to: The New English File intermediate