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Future forms


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Future forms

  1. 1. Future Forms<br />
  2. 2. Present Simple<br />
  3. 3. The plane leaves in half an hour.<br />future events that are timetabled or part of a calendar<br />
  4. 4. NOTE<br />arrangement is impersonal, someone else has made it or it is part of a natural law<br />personal arrangement, where the speaker or another person has made the decision<br />The next college term starts on 8th September.<br />I’m starting a new course in biology next term.<br />
  5. 5. Present Continuous<br />
  6. 6. - What are you doing next Saturday?- I’m taking my driving test.<br />definite plans or arrangements<br />
  7. 7. You had better hurry up and get ready, because we’re leaving very soon.<br />with verbs of motion, even if no fixed arrangements have been made<br />
  8. 8. Be going to<br />
  9. 9. He’s going to study architecture when he finishes school.<br />plans, intentions or ambitions for the future<br />
  10. 10. Mark is going to get married next month.<br />actions we have already decided to do in the near future<br />
  11. 11. BE GOING TO vs PRESENT CONTINUOUS<br />when you have made some basic plans<br />when more definite plans are made<br />I’m going to buy an old barn and do it up.<br />We’ve signed the contracts and we’re moving into the building on Monday.<br />
  12. 12. Look at the clouds. It is going to rain.<br />predictions based on what we can see or what we know, especially there is evidence that something will happen<br />
  13. 13. I won’t be a minute. I’m just going to say goodbye to my colleague.<br />to say what someone is just about to do<br />
  14. 14. tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, tonight, soon, next week / month / year / summer, in a week / month etc.<br />TIME EXPRESSIONS<br />
  15. 15. Future Simple<br />
  16. 16. Someone is knocking on the door. I’ll see who it is.<br />decisions made at the moment of speaking (on-the-spot decisions)<br />
  17. 17. He will certainly call you tomorrow.<br />predictions about the future, based on what we think, believe or imagine (with the verbs think, believe, expect etc; the expressions be sure, be afraid etc; and the adverbs probably, certainly, perhaps etc.<br />
  18. 18. Will you show me how to surf on the internet?<br />promises, threats, warnings, requests, hopes & offers<br />
  19. 19. Jennifer will be fifteen years old this August.<br />actions, events, situations which will definitely happen in the future and which we can’t control<br />
  20. 20. The train standing on platform 3 will stop at Oxford.<br />to ask for and give information about the future, which is often a simple matter of fact<br />
  21. 21. tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, tonight, soon, next week / month / year / summer, in a week / month etc.<br />TIME EXPRESSIONS<br />
  22. 22. Future Continuous<br />
  23. 23. This time next week I’ll be visiting the sights in Prague.<br />for actions which will be in progress at a stated future time<br />
  24. 24. He will be working this weekend.<br />for actions which will definitely happen in the future as the reasult of a routine or an arrangement<br />
  25. 25. Will you be using the car tonight?<br />when we ask politely about someone’s plans for the near future<br />
  26. 26. The tour includes meals and transportation.<br />some other verbs (be, contain, include, belong, fit, need, matter, cost, own, want, owe, weigh, wish, have, keep, etc)<br />
  27. 27. in a few months time, before long, this time next year, by December etc.<br />TIME EXPRESSIONS<br />
  28. 28. Future Perfect Simple<br />
  29. 29. We will have finished work by the time the game starts tonight.<br />for actions that will have finished before a stated time in the future<br />
  30. 30. before, by, by then, by the time, by Monday, by lunchtime, by this time next year, unitl / till (in negative sentences)<br />TIME EXPRESSIONS<br />
  31. 31. Future Perfect Continuous<br />
  32. 32. By the end of March, Jason will have been studying for two years.<br />to emphasise the duration of an action up to a certain time in the future (with phrases starting with for)<br />
  33. 33. The future in the past<br />
  34. 34. past continuous or was / were going toDanny waited outside the station. He was meeting his daughter at 2 o’clock and they were going to watch the Cup Final.<br />would + infinitiveNone of us thought the exam would be so easy.<br />was / were to + infinitiveA politician was to give a speech, but she didn’tn turn up.<br />The structures to use when you are talking about the past, and want to say that something was still in the future at that time<br />
  35. 35. Use the present tense in many future subordinate clauses. Use a future form in the main clause.He’s going to Barcelona, when he gets a ticket. (NOT: when he will get)<br />Use the present perfect after as soon as or when to express completionJames is going to have a party as soon as his parents have gone away.<br />Use the present cointinuous after while to show that the action still continuesI’ll stop drilling while you are trying to work.<br />Time clauses in the future<br />