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Future Tenses

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Future Tenses in English: will, going to, present continuous, present simple, future perfect, future continuous, future perfect continous.

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Future Tenses

  1. 1. Future Tenses Miguel Ángel Rodríguez López
  2. 2. Future Simple (will) This tense expresses a pure future, that is, actions bound to happen because of the course of time. The SUBJECT cannot control what will happen.
  3. 3. Future Simple (will) Affirmative: She will win the tennis match Negative : She won’t (will not) win the tennis match Interrogative : Will she win the tennis match? Short answers: Yes, she will – No, she won´t
  4. 4. Future Simple (will) 1. Predictions based in what we think: It will rain in the evening 2. Instant decisions: The doorbell is ringing, I’ll open 3. Promises and offers: I promise mum, I will pass my test
  5. 5. Future Simple (will) This tense is used with particular verbs, such as think – know – believe – suppose – expect – hope to express beliefs, convictions, hope, expectations, knowledge and opinions about the future. I think we will win the match
  6. 6. Future Simple (will) Sometimes, we use this tense with particular adverbs such as: probably – possibly –perhaps in order to express uncertainty about the future. It will probably rain later
  7. 7. GOING TO This tense is formed with: TO BE (present simple) + GOING TO + INFINITIVE
  8. 8. GOING TO Affirmative: I am going to travel abroad Negative : I am not going to travel abroad Interrogative : Are you going to travel abroad? Short answers: Yes, I am – No, I’m not
  9. 9. 1. Predictions based in what we can see at the moment: Look at that car! It is going to crash into the traffic light! 2. It expresses future plans and intentions: I’m going to buy a new phone next week. GOING TO
  10. 10. GOING TO or PRESENT CONTINUOUS? Sometimes, we can use the Present Continuous instead of Going to. It occurs when “time” and/or “place are mentioned. I’ m going to take the 7 o’clock train to Madrid OR I’ m taking the 7 o’clock train to Madrid
  11. 11. PRESENT SIMPLE We normally use this tense to describe travel plans, schedules, departures, arrivals. The train leaves at 7 a.m. tomorrow.
  12. 12. FUTURE PERFECT This tense is formed with: WILL + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE
  13. 13. FUTURE PERFECT Affirmative: He will have finished the book by the weekend Negative : He won’t (will not) have finished the book by the weekend Interrogative : Will he have finished the book by the weekend? Short answers: Yes, he will – No, he won´t
  14. 14. This tense describes actions we know will (or will not) be completed by a certain time in the future. By the end of June, we will have finished our exams. FUTURE PERFECT
  15. 15. FUTURE CONTINUOUS This tense is formed with: WILL + BE + Verb (-ing)
  16. 16. FUTURE CONTINUOUS Affirmative: This time next week, I will be having my driving test. Negative : This time next week, I won’t (will not) be having my driving test. Interrogative : Will I be having my driving test this time next week? Short answers: Yes, I will – No, I won´t
  17. 17. This tense expresses actions that will be in progress at a certain time in the future. At 3 o’clock tomorrow, we will be travelling. FUTURE CONTINUOUS
  18. 18. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS This tense is formed with: WILL + HAVE + BEEN + Verb (-ing)
  19. 19. Affirmative: They will have been living in that house for 3 years by the end of March. Negative : They won’t (will not) have been living in that house for 3 years by the end of March. Interrogative : Will they have been living in that house for 3 years by the end of March? Short answers: Yes, they will – No, they won´t FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS
  20. 20. This tense describes continuous and repeated actions which begin before a certain time in the future and will probably continue after that time. By the end of this month, I will have been working with this company for five years. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS

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