20100723170733 lecture 1


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20100723170733 lecture 1

  1. 1.  What is research  Different ways of getting information  Different categories of research(personal / professional)  Social science Research  Characteristic of Research  Objectives of Research  What make people do research
  2. 2. Generally, research means, “finding out”. For example, if you want to buy a house, it is important to find out the necessary information such as “the best buy” that we can afford; the type of house we want and mode of payment. We can get the information by reading of housing magazines, asking friends, meeting housing developers and visiting new housing developing areas.
  3. 3. Literally,  Research is a logical and systematic search for new and useful information on a particular issue.  it is an investigation of finding solutions in scientific and systematic way.  Research is defined as any form of disciplined inquiry that aims to contribute to a body of knowledge or theory.  Research is a systematic investigation towards increasing the sum of knowledge.
  4. 4.  The subject for whom the research is sought is very personal in nature.  It is more confined to the individual rather than others  The method with which the individual seeks the information affects the individual in particular and not others.  The method used by the individual to get the information is only understood by him or her and it may not understand by others.
  5. 5.  Professional research is a systematic inquires which is reported in a form which allows the research method and the outcomes to be accessible to others.  Professional research is usually an ongoing process, based on accumulated understandings and the development of theories.  Professional is the formal, systematic application of the scientific and discipline inquires approach to the study of problems.
  6. 6.  Professional research is carried out in a broader and more public context. Personal research is carried out own interest.  Professional research is applicable to many people. Personal research may not applicable to others. The outcome of professional research is usually prepared in a report, which needs to confirm to be accepted standards. Personal research is not required to prepare in a report.
  7. 7.  Generally, social science research means, finding out new and necessary information to solve the problem faced by community.  People in the community face various problems and questions in their daily life.  Social Science research helps to discover hidden facts or truths in order to provide a solution problem facing a community.  It indentifies the solution and answers the questions through the applications of the scientific procedures.  Therefore, it is an investigation of finding solutions in scientific and systematic way.
  8. 8.  Research is empirical  Research should be systematic  Research should be valid  Research should be reliable  Research originates with a question or a problem.  Research requires a clear goal.  Research follows a specific plan of procedure.
  9. 9. The main objectives of the research are : 1.to discover new facts 2.to verify and test the important facts 3.to serve the society to solve the social problem 4.to analyze an event, process and phenomena to indentify cause and effect analysis
  10. 10.  to make an inquiry and discover hidden facts or truth relating human and social problem.  to develop new scientific rules , concepts and theories which would vacillate reliable and valued study of human behavior  to discover new facts or verify and test old facts
  11. 11.  to get a research degree (Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)) along with its benefits like better employment, promotion, increment in salary, etc.  to get a research degree and then to get a teaching position in a college or university or become a scientist in a research institution  to solve the unsolved and challenging problems  to get joy of doing some creative work  to get recognition  curiosity to find out the unknown facts of an even
  12. 12.  Research is important both in scientific and nonscientific fields.  In our life new problems, events, phenomena and processes occur every day.  Practically implementable solutions and suggestions are required for tack- ling new problems that arise.  Precisely, research assists us to understand nature and natural phenomena.
  13. 13.  It is the foundation of knowledge and provide guidelines for solving problems.  It is important in industry and business for higher gain and productivity and to improve the quality of products.  It leads to the identification and characterization of new materials, new living things, new stars, etc  It helps find answers to social problems.  They explain social phenomena and seek solution to social problems.
  14. 14.  Social science research affects on people’s lives and livelihood. It might have both positive and negative impact. The conduct of social science research carries with it serious and heavy responsibilities. Therefore, the researcher should be careful when they do research. The researcher should be guided by ethical standards in the conduct of research.
  15. 15. The important ethics that should to follow by the researcher are:  Honesty and Accuracy  Not doing harm  Privacy and Self Determination  Research should be designed, reviewed and undertaken to ensure integrity and quality
  16. 16.  Researcher must inform fully to respondents about the purpose, methods and intended possible uses of the research, what their participation in the research entails and what risks, if any, are involved.  The confidentiality of information supplied by respondents must be respected.
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