What is research
Different ways of getting information
Different categories of research(personal /
Social science Research
Characteristic of Research
Objectives of Research
What make people do research
Generally, research means, “finding out”.
For example, if you want to buy a house, it is
important to find out the necessary information
such as “the best buy” that we can afford; the
type of house we want and mode of payment.
We can get the information by reading of
housing magazines, asking friends, meeting
housing developers and visiting new housing
Research is a logical and systematic search for
new and useful information on a particular
it is an investigation of ﬁnding solutions in
scientiﬁc and systematic way.
Research is defined as any form of disciplined
inquiry that aims to contribute to a body of
knowledge or theory.
Research is a systematic investigation towards
increasing the sum of knowledge.
The subject for whom the research is sought is
very personal in nature.
It is more confined to the individual rather than
The method with which the individual seeks the
information affects the individual in particular
and not others.
The method used by the individual to get the
information is only understood by him or her
and it may not understand by others.
Professional research is a systematic inquires
which is reported in a form which allows the
research method and the outcomes to be
accessible to others.
Professional research is usually an ongoing
process, based on accumulated understandings
and the development of theories.
Professional is the formal, systematic
application of the scientific and discipline
inquires approach to the study of problems.
Professional research is carried out in a
broader and more public context. Personal
research is carried out own interest.
Professional research is applicable to many
people. Personal research may not
applicable to others.
The outcome of professional research is
usually prepared in a report, which needs to
confirm to be accepted standards. Personal
research is not required to prepare in a
Generally, social science research means,
finding out new and necessary information to
solve the problem faced by community.
People in the community face various problems
and questions in their daily life.
Social Science research helps to discover
hidden facts or truths in order to provide a
solution problem facing a community.
It indentifies the solution and answers the
questions through the applications of the
Therefore, it is an investigation of ﬁnding
solutions in scientiﬁc and systematic way.
Research is empirical
Research should be systematic
Research should be valid
Research should be reliable
Research originates with a question or a
Research requires a clear goal.
Research follows a specific plan of
The main objectives of the research are :
1.to discover new facts
2.to verify and test the important facts
3.to serve the society to solve the social
4.to analyze an event, process and
phenomena to indentify cause and effect
to make an inquiry and discover hidden
facts or truth relating human and social
to develop new scientific rules , concepts
and theories which would vacillate reliable
and valued study of human behavior
to discover new facts or verify and test old
to get a research degree (Doctor of Philosophy
(Ph.D.)) along with its beneﬁts like better
employment, promotion, increment in salary,
to get a research degree and then to get a
teaching position in a college or university or
become a scientist in a research institution
to solve the unsolved and challenging
to get joy of doing some creative work
to get recognition
curiosity to ﬁnd out the unknown facts of an
Research is important both in scientiﬁc and
In our life new problems, events, phenomena
and processes occur every day.
Practically implementable solutions and
suggestions are required for tack- ling new
problems that arise.
Precisely, research assists us to understand
nature and natural phenomena.
It is the foundation of knowledge and provide
guidelines for solving problems.
It is important in industry and business for
higher gain and productivity and to improve
the quality of products.
It leads to the identiﬁcation and
characterization of new materials, new living
things, new stars, etc
It helps ﬁnd answers to social problems.
They explain social phenomena and seek
solution to social problems.
Social science research affects on people’s
lives and livelihood. It might have both positive
and negative impact. The conduct of social
science research carries with it serious and
heavy responsibilities. Therefore, the
researcher should be careful when they do
research. The researcher should be guided by
ethical standards in the conduct of research.
The important ethics that should to follow by the
Honesty and Accuracy
Not doing harm
Privacy and Self Determination
Research should be designed, reviewed and
undertaken to ensure integrity and quality
Researcher must inform fully to
respondents about the purpose, methods
and intended possible uses of the
research, what their participation in the
research entails and what risks, if any, are
The confidentiality of information supplied
by respondents must be respected.