Methods of teaching


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This power point presentation is prepared for DIET Daryaganj ETE-Ist year students while keeping in view their Health and Physical Education curriculum and they are free to use this presentation in anyway as they like.

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Methods of teaching

  1. 1. Methods of Teaching Neeraj Kumar MehraLecturer (Health and Physical Education) DIET Daryaganj, New Delhi ,INDIA
  2. 2. Whole Part Whole Method
  3. 3. Introduction• The whole skill is first demonstrated and practiced, before being broken down into the constituent parts to practice the individual elements and improve on these, before putting the whole skill back together.• This can be very effective in skills which have easily distinguished parts, where the whole skill together is complex.6 September 2012
  4. 4. Whole - Part - Whole Instruction• Initially there is attempts on the whole skill and the teacher monitors to identify those parts of the skill that the student is not executing correctly.• Part instruction can then be used to address the limitations and then the student can repeat the whole skill with the teacher monitoring for any further limitations.6 September 2012
  5. 5. This method involves performing the whole skill, then breaking the skill into parts and concentrating on only one part of the skill at a time, before performing the whole skill again. WHY?• Difficult parts can be practised in isolation• Each part of the skill can be mastered Then the skill can be performed successfully in full.6 September 2012
  6. 6. Breaking Down a Skill Each skill can be broken down in to three parts. Preparation, Action and Recovery. (P.A.R)6 September 2012
  7. 7. Example: Hockey - Push PassP -Side on, weight on back foot, stick and ball togetherA- Transfer weight to front foot, push ball to targetR- Follow through with stick in direction of pass, bring feet together.6 September 2012
  8. 8. PROGRESSION/GRADUAL BUILD-UP This method involves learning a skill progressively or ‘bit by bit’. Each part of the skill is mastered, before a new part is introduced. Task: Describe how you have used each of the methods: whole-part- whole/progression to learn a skill.6 September 2012
  9. 9. Example of Swimming, Learner will practice the whole stroke, then isolate a weak component, such as the kick and use a float in the hands to ensure using only the legs, before putting the whole stroke back together. This gives the performer a sense of the whole skill before they break it down and improve on the weak aspects of the performance. As with the part method this may affect the transfer of the skill from parts to the whole.6 September 2012
  10. 10. Task: Select a different skill and break in down into the three parts. Preparation, Action and Recovery.6 September 2012
  11. 11. Advantages• The teacher can immediately determine what parts or aspects of the athletes skills are lacking and can focus on improving them first.• Part instruction would then be used to make those skills better and then the whole instruction would be used again so the teacher could determine how much the skills have improved and, by improving those skills, if another skill has suffered because of the increased knowledge.6 September 2012
  12. 12. Disadvantages There is no disadvantage A disadvantage is that it takes longer to learn a skill as you have to break it down and learn it bit by bit.6 September 2012
  13. 13. Demonstration Method
  14. 14. Demonstration MethodWhat is demonstration method?Why this method?Activity: Think and Discuss with thefriend next to you for 5 minutes?Follow up Activity: Whole ClassDiscussion
  15. 15. What is Demonstration?• Demonstration is‘an act of showing something by giving proof or evidence’‘an instance of some body showing and explaining how something works or is done’(Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary)6 September 2012
  16. 16. What is Demonstration Method?• Demonstration method is a visual approach to examining information, ideas and processes.• It is a teaching method that allows students to see the teacher actively engaged as a learner and a model rather than merely telling them what they need to know.6 September 2012
  17. 17. Why demonstration method?• To stimulate interest in a particular topic• To illustrate points efficiently• To provide change of pace• To provide model for teaching specific skill• To overcome resource constraints6 September 2012
  18. 18. Steps to carry out effective Demonstrations1. Carefully plan the demonstration2. Practice the demonstration3. Develop an outline to guide the demonstration4. Make sure everyone can see the demonstration5. Introduce the demonstration to focus attention6. Ask and encourage questions7. Plan a follow up to the demonstration6 September 2012
  19. 19. Thank you