Right to education Act

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Right to education Act

  1. 1. Right to Education Act.2009 with special reference to Sec.19 Shared By Neeraj Kumar Mehra Faculty Member District Institute of Education & Training Daryaganj
  2. 2. “I beg to place the following resolution before the council for its consideration.…the state should accept in this country the same responsibility in regard to mass education that the government of most civilized countries are already discharging and that a well considered scheme should be drawn up and adhered to till it is carried out.. The well being of millions upon millions of children who are waiting to be brought under the influence education depends upon it...” The above words are part of the resolution which Gopal Krishna Gokhale moved in the Imperial Legislative Council on 18th march, 1910 for seeking provision of ‘Free and Compulsory Primary Education” in India. This initiative must however be seen as part of the sequence of events
  3. 3. Historical view 1870 Compulsory Education Act passed in Britain 1882 Indian Education Commission: Indian leaders demand provision for mass education and Compulsory Education Acts. 1893 Maharaja of Baroda introduces Compulsory Education for boys in Amreli Taluk. 1906 Maharaja of Baroda extends Compulsory Education to rest of the state. 1906 Gopal Krishna Gokhale makes a plea to Imperial Legislative Council for introduction of Free And Compulsory Education
  4. 4. Historical view 1910 Gokhale proposes Private members Bill (Rejected) 1917 Vithal bhai Patel is successful in getting the Bill passed - First Law on Compulsory Education passed (Popularly Known as Patel Act) 1918 Every Province in British India gets Compulsory Education Act on its 1930 Statute Book 1930 Hartog Committee Recommendation for better quality (less focus on quantity) hinders spread and development of primary education 1931 Many of these initiatives, however, were not seriously implemented; lack of resources and enforcement being the chief reasons.
  5. 5. RIGHT TO EDUCATION Act • It is an important legislation in the field of education. It has come into force with effect from 01/04/2010. • Now education upto elementary level has become a fundamental right of every child aging 6-14 yrs.
  6. 6. Know more about RTE Act • Every child of the age of six to fourteen years shall have a right to free and compulsory Education in a neighbourhood school till completion of elementary education. • Neighbourhood school means a primary school in vicinity of 1 Km and an upper primary school in the vicinity of 3 Km of every habitation.
  7. 7. Know more about RTE Act • Duty of the appropriate govt/local authority to provide • i. Free and compulsory education to every child. • ii. To establish school within limits of prescribed neighbourhood.
  8. 8. Know more about RTE Act • Unaided Pvt. recognized schools and schools of special category to admit 25% children from economically weaker section and disadvantaged group in class I and re-imbursement thereof.
  9. 9. Know more about RTE Act • No capitation fee and screening procedure for admission. • No child shall be denied admission in a school for lack of age proof and in extended period of admission.
  10. 10. Know more about RTE Act • The Act prohibits holding back in any class and expulsion of child admitted in a school till completion of elementary education. • Prohibition of physical punishment and mental harassment to child.
  11. 11. Know more about RTE Act • No school to be established or can function after the commencement of the Act without obtaining certificate of recognition from appropriate Government which can be obtained subject to fulfillment of norms and standards of the school as per RTE Act.
  12. 12. Know more about RTE Act • Constitution of School Management Committee in every school except unaided pvt. recognized schools. • 75% representation from parent members. • 50% representation from women. • Representation from SC/ST and disadvantage group.
  13. 13. Know more about RTE Act • Minimum qualification as laid down by Government is required for appointment of a teacher. • Duties of teachers and provision of redressal of their grievances.
  14. 14. Know more about RTE Act • Curriculum and evaluation procedure for elementary education shall be laid down by an academic authority. • Delhi SCERT has been notified as Academic authority for the above purpose. • No board examination till elementary education and award of certificate on completion same.
  15. 15. Know more about RTE Act • Provision of protection of child rights and redressal of their grievances. • Constitution of National and State Advisory councils.
  16. 16. Delhi Right to Education Rules, 2011 • For carrying out the provisions of this Act, Delhi Government has notified its rules under the title, "Delhi Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Rules, 2011"
  17. 17. Section 19 .1 No school shall be established or recognised, under section 18,unless it fulfills the norms and standards specified in the schedule.
  18. 18. Section 19 .2 Where a school established before the commencement of this act does not fulfills the norms and standards specified in the schedule ,it shall take steps to fulfill such norms and standards at its own expenses,witin a period of three years from the date of such commencement.
  19. 19. Section 19 .3 Where a school fails to fulfills the norms and standards within the period specified under sub section(I) of Section 18 shall withdraw recognition granted to such school in the manner specified under subsection(3) thereof.
  20. 20. Section 19 .4 With effect from the date of withdrawal of recognition under sub section (3), no school shall continue to function.
  21. 21. Section 19 .5 Any person who continues to run a school after the recognition is withdrawn, shall be liable to fine which may extends to one lakh rupees and in case of continuing contravention , to a fine of then thousands rupees for each day during which such contravention continues.
  22. 22. Role and duties of Principal under RTE Act. 2009
  23. 23. Creating awareness in the neighbourhood of the school regarding right of child (6-14 yrs) for seeking compulsory education through students, teachers and parents and identifying children who are out of school.
  24. 24. • Providing admission to out of school children in age appropriate class and special training to them. • Ensure compulsory admission, attendance and completion of elementary education by every child of the age of six to fourteen years studying in school.
  25. 25. • Ensure that there is no discrimination and segregation of children belonging to weaker section, dis-advantage group, children with special need which prevent them from completing elementary education. • No child is subjected to caste, religion, gender abuse.
  26. 26. • Ensuring that children in school get good quality elementary education conforming to standards and norms specified in the schedule. • No delay in issuance of transfer certificate as and whenever required by the child.
  27. 27. • Maintain records of the children admitted in a school as prescribed. • No physical punishment or mental harassment.
  28. 28. • Ensuring the constitution of School Management Committee as prescribed and timely preparation of school development plan.
  29. 29. • To ensure that children admitted in school get timely benefits of their rights like free books, uniforms, stationary, mid day meal, benefits of welfare schemes etc.
  30. 30. • Ensure that teachers perform their duties namely regularity and punctuality in attending the school. • Timely completion of entire curriculum within prescribed time frame as prescribed by academic authority.
  31. 31. • Assess the learning ability of each child and accordingly supplement additional instructions, if any as required. • Hold regular meetings with parents and guardians.
  32. 32. • Ensure that child completing elementary education is being awarded a certificate as prescribed by the government.
  33. 33. What’s special in this act This Indian Act is unique from amongst such Acts from many other countries for the following reasons: • The definition of ‘free’ that goes beyond tuition fees • The ‘compulsion’ being on the governments rather than on parents • the stress on ending discrimination, and on inclusion • prescribing quality principles for the teaching-learning process • an external constitutional body for monitoring the Act • defining minimum norms and standards for the school • addressing the emotional, stress and anxiety issues of children
  34. 34. School Management Committee School Development Plan Counselling in School and Gender Sensitization http://aif.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/SMCBook1.pdf
  35. 35. DISCUSSIONS
  36. 36. Thank you

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