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Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Began May 25, 1787
Who was elected president of the convention? </li></ul>
Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Began May 25, 1787
Who was elected president of the convention?
- George Washington
What rule did they pass right at the onset? </li></ul>
Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Began May 25, 1787
Who was elected president of the convention?
- George Washington
What rule did they pass right at the onset?
- a rule of secrecy; no leaks for 4 months!
What does committee-of-the-whole mean? </li></ul>
Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Began May 25, 1787
Who was elected president of the convention?
- George Washington
What rule did they pass right at the onset?
- a rule of secrecy; no leaks for 4 months!
What does committee-of-the-whole mean?
- the whole assembly could act as a committee thus allowing for informal discussions & flexibility in voting
What was their first major decision?  </li></ul>
Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Began May 25, 1787
Who was elected president of the convention?
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Week 4.2 constitutional convention

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American Government Week 4 Part II Constitutional Convention

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Transcript of "Week 4.2 constitutional convention"

  1. 1. Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Began May 25, 1787
  2. 2. Who was elected president of the convention? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Began May 25, 1787
  4. 4. Who was elected president of the convention?
  5. 5. - George Washington
  6. 6. What rule did they pass right at the onset? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Began May 25, 1787
  8. 8. Who was elected president of the convention?
  9. 9. - George Washington
  10. 10. What rule did they pass right at the onset?
  11. 11. - a rule of secrecy; no leaks for 4 months!
  12. 12. What does committee-of-the-whole mean? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Began May 25, 1787
  14. 14. Who was elected president of the convention?
  15. 15. - George Washington
  16. 16. What rule did they pass right at the onset?
  17. 17. - a rule of secrecy; no leaks for 4 months!
  18. 18. What does committee-of-the-whole mean?
  19. 19. - the whole assembly could act as a committee thus allowing for informal discussions & flexibility in voting
  20. 20. What was their first major decision? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Began May 25, 1787
  22. 22. Who was elected president of the convention?
  23. 23. - George Washington
  24. 24. What rule did they pass right at the onset?
  25. 25. - a rule of secrecy; no leaks for 4 months!
  26. 26. What does committee-of-the-whole mean?
  27. 27. - the whole assembly could act as a committee thus allowing for informal discussions & flexibility in voting
  28. 28. What was their first major decision? They decided to replace the Articles of Confederation rather than just reform them </li></ul>
  29. 29. Conflict: Representation <ul><li>What was the problem? </li></ul>
  30. 30. Conflict: Representation <ul><li>What was the problem?
  31. 31. - the large states (population & size) wanted a different scheme of representation than the small states
  32. 32. Who proposed the Virginia Plan ? </li></ul>
  33. 33. Conflict: Representation <ul><li>What was the problem?
  34. 34. - the large states (population & size) wanted a different scheme of representation than the small states
  35. 35. Who proposed the Virginia Plan ? James Madison
  36. 36. Characteristics:
  37. 37. - favored large states b/c representation based on state population
  38. 38. - strong bicameral (two houses) legislature w/ much more power over the states
  39. 39. How did the small states respond? </li></ul>
  40. 40. Conflict: Representation cont. <ul><li>New Jersey Plan Characteristics:
  41. 41. - unicameral legislation; one state, one vote
  42. 42. - smaller states did not want to be oppressed by the larger states
  43. 43. How was this conflict resolved? </li></ul>
  44. 44. Conflict: Representation cont. <ul><li>New Jersey Plan Characteristics:
  45. 45. - unicameral legislation; one state, one vote
  46. 46. - smaller states did not want to be oppressed by the larger states
  47. 47. How was this conflict resolved?
  48. 48. Connecticut (or Great) Compromise by Roger Sherman:
  49. 49. Characteristics? </li></ul>
  50. 50. Conflict: Representation cont. <ul><li>New Jersey Plan Characteristics:
  51. 51. - unicameral legislation; one state, one vote
  52. 52. - smaller states did not want to be oppressed by the larger states
  53. 53. How was this conflict resolved?
  54. 54. Connecticut (or Great) Compromise by Roger Sherman:
  55. 55. Characteristics?
  56. 56. - bicameral legislature
  57. 57. - lower house representation based on state population
  58. 58. - upper house representation would be equal for all states
  59. 59. See chart on p. 81 for a good summary of the 2 plans </li></ul>
  60. 60. Conflict: Slavery <ul><li>The problem? </li></ul>
  61. 61. Conflict: Slavery <ul><li>The problem? How slaves should be represented
  62. 62. - slave-holding states: count slaves to determine representation
  63. 63. - other states: slaves should not be counted
  64. 64. What was the Three-Fifths Compromise ?
  65. 65. - a slave = 3/5 of a person for representation purposes in the House
  66. 66. - slaves would be taxed at this same rate
  67. 67. Did this resolve the issue of slavery in the U.S.? </li></ul>
  68. 68. Conflict: Commerce <ul><li>The problem? </li></ul>
  69. 69. Conflict: Commerce <ul><li>The problem?
  70. 70. - All agreed that the national govt needed to deal with the issue of regulating commerce but the South worried that the slave trade would be done away with and that export duties would be levied on their products
  71. 71. Commerce Compromise: </li></ul>
  72. 72. Conflict: Commerce <ul><li>The problem?
  73. 73. - All agreed that the national govt needed to deal with the issue of regulating commerce but the South worried that the slave trade would be done away with and that export duties would be levied on their products
  74. 74. Commerce Compromise:
  75. 75. - Congress was given power over international and interstate (between states) commerce
  76. 76. - Export duties not allowed
  77. 77. - Congress was not to interfere with the slave trade for 20 years </li></ul>
  78. 78. Other Interesting Compromises <ul><li>Electoral College (rather than the people or Congress) would elect the President
  79. 79. Treaties: President has power to make them but the Senate must approve the treaties
  80. 80. Do you agree with the text that compromise in the political process is important and even desirable? </li></ul>
  81. 81. Founding Fathers <ul><li>Who are they? </li></ul>
  82. 82. Founding Fathers <ul><li>Who are they?
  83. 83. - Delegates to the Constitutional Convention & signers of our important founding documents
  84. 84. Who are were some of the most famous and influential? </li></ul>
  85. 85. Founding Fathers <ul><li>Who are they?
  86. 86. - Delegates to the Constitutional Convention & signers of our important founding documents
  87. 87. Who are were some of the most famous and influential?
  88. 88. James Madison Benjamin Franklin
  89. 89. George Washington Alexander Hamilton
  90. 90. Gouverneur Morris Roger Sherman
  91. 91. George Mason
  92. 92. Which two founders were not at the convention? </li></ul>
  93. 93. Founding Fathers <ul><li>Who are they?
  94. 94. - Delegates to the Constitutional Convention & signers of our important founding documents
  95. 95. Who are were some of the most famous and influential?
  96. 96. James Madison Benjamin Franklin
  97. 97. George Washington Alexander Hamilton
  98. 98. Gouverneur Morris Roger Sherman
  99. 99. George Mason
  100. 100. Which two founders were not at the convention?
  101. 101. - Thomas Jefferson & John Adams
  102. 102. Which state did not send any delegates? </li></ul>
  103. 103. Founding Fathers <ul><li>Who are they?
  104. 104. - Delegates to the Constitutional Convention & signers of our important founding documents
  105. 105. Who are were some of the most famous and influential?
  106. 106. James Madison Benjamin Franklin
  107. 107. George Washington Alexander Hamilton
  108. 108. Gouverneur Morris Roger Sherman
  109. 109. George Mason
  110. 110. Which two founders were not at the convention?
  111. 111. - Thomas Jefferson & John Adams
  112. 112. Which state did not send any delegates? Rhode Island </li></ul>
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