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3 Compromises at the Constitutional Convention


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3 Compromises at the Constitutional Convention

  1. 1. 3 Major Compromises
  2. 3. 1. Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise) <ul><li>This solved the problem of representation in Congress. </li></ul><ul><li>Congress = Bicameral </li></ul><ul><li>Each state would have two members in the Senate. </li></ul><ul><li>In the House of Representatives each state would receive representatives based on population </li></ul>
  3. 4. 2. Three-Fifths Compromise <ul><li>Three-fifths of the slaves would count as population of a state. </li></ul><ul><li>(Every 5 enslaved persons = 3 free persons) </li></ul><ul><li>Taxed in the same manner </li></ul>
  4. 5. 3. Trade Compromise (Commerce Compromise) <ul><li>Congress could not tax exports </li></ul><ul><li>Congress could regulate trade </li></ul><ul><li>The President was given the power to make treaties with other countries, but two-thirds of the Senate must approve the treaty </li></ul>
  5. 6. Article VII <ul><li>set up a way to ratify (approve) the U.S. Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Nine states were needed to ratify the Constitution to make it the new government </li></ul><ul><li>New Hampshire was the 9th state to ratify </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina was the 12th </li></ul>
  6. 7. Federalists <ul><li>Those who favored a stronger government and the U.S. Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>A series of articles were written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton & John Jay supporting the Constitution </li></ul>
  7. 8. Reasons why the Federalists supported the Constitution <ul><li>Handle the countries problems </li></ul><ul><li>Provide order and stability </li></ul><ul><li>Protect trade </li></ul><ul><li>Protect the country </li></ul><ul><li>Provides separation of powers </li></ul><ul><li>Set up a system of checks & balances </li></ul>
  8. 9. Anti-Federalists <ul><li>Reasons why the Anti-Federalists opposed the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>No Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Strong government would deny people of their rights </li></ul><ul><li>State & local governments better meet people’s needs </li></ul><ul><li>It would overrule state laws </li></ul><ul><li>Held in secret </li></ul><ul><li>Favored the wealthy </li></ul>