A More Perfect Union
What happens in Philadelphia? <ul><li>55 Delegates meet to “fix: Articles of Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>They end up w...
Preamble We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure  domestic Tr...
Structure of Government <ul><li>Legislative: make laws </li></ul><ul><li>Executive: Carry out/ enforce laws </li></ul><ul>...
The Issues <ul><li>Representation- How did the A of C handle this? </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery </li></ul><ul><li>The Preside...
The Constitution as a document of compromise.  <ul><li>Representation  </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery  </li></ul>
Virginia Plan (Big State) <ul><li>2 house legislature (bicameral) </li></ul><ul><li>Representation based on population </l...
New Jersey Plan (small state) <ul><li>One house congress (unicameral) </li></ul><ul><li>Representation would be equal amon...
The Great Compromise <ul><li>2 houses </li></ul><ul><li>One based on population </li></ul><ul><li>One with equal represent...
What about Slaves? <ul><li>Would count 3/5 th   of a white person </li></ul><ul><li>Slave  trade  would last 20 more years...
How was the Constitution balanced? <ul><li>Framers took care to provide a balance of power between individual states and t...
How was the Constitution balanced? <ul><li>Separation of Powers: Each branch has its own powers </li></ul><ul><li>Checks &...
<ul><li>Compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul>
 
Powers of each branch Tax… Appoint judges Impeach Pres Make treaties Spend $$$ Can void unconstitutional laws Direct army ...
The Constitution as a document of flexibility.  <ul><li>Admission of new states (new land could become equal states) </li>...
The Constitution as a document of flexibility. <ul><li>Necessary-and-Proper Clause </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Article 1, Sectio...
To take effect, the Constitution needed to be ratified  <ul><li>popularly elected conventions in nine of the thirteen stat...
To take effect, the Constitution needed to be ratified <ul><li>Federalists  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>support the idea of the ...
To take effect, the Constitution needed to be ratified <ul><li>Anti-federalists:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At first against t...
Jefferson v. Hamilton Support
First Test <ul><li>Divided into at least 3 parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple Choice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifi...
Identifications <ul><li>Three parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How or why did it come ab...
Identifications <ul><li>Boston Tea Party: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A demonstration by the Sons of liberty against the British...
Identifications <ul><li>Articles of Confederation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government created to address the needs of the col...
Essays <ul><li>Read the question. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer the whole question. </li></ul><ul><li>Use specific examples!!!!...
<ul><li>Question:  Did the French & Indian War lead to or cause the American Revolution?  Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><u...
Essays <ul><li>The Articles of Confederation were a government set up to be deliberately weak.  Do you agree or disagree w...
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A more perfect union

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A more perfect union

  1. 1. A More Perfect Union
  2. 2. What happens in Philadelphia? <ul><li>55 Delegates meet to “fix: Articles of Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>They end up with a new government…The Constitution </li></ul>
  3. 3. Preamble We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility , provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare , and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity , do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
  4. 4. Structure of Government <ul><li>Legislative: make laws </li></ul><ul><li>Executive: Carry out/ enforce laws </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial: Applies/interprets the laws </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Issues <ul><li>Representation- How did the A of C handle this? </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery </li></ul><ul><li>The President </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Constitution as a document of compromise. <ul><li>Representation </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery </li></ul>
  7. 7. Virginia Plan (Big State) <ul><li>2 house legislature (bicameral) </li></ul><ul><li>Representation based on population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Big states would have more votes in Congress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slaves would count </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. New Jersey Plan (small state) <ul><li>One house congress (unicameral) </li></ul><ul><li>Representation would be equal among the states </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves would not count </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Great Compromise <ul><li>2 houses </li></ul><ul><li>One based on population </li></ul><ul><li>One with equal representation </li></ul>
  10. 10. What about Slaves? <ul><li>Would count 3/5 th of a white person </li></ul><ul><li>Slave trade would last 20 more years </li></ul>
  11. 11. How was the Constitution balanced? <ul><li>Framers took care to provide a balance of power between individual states and the new national government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>supremacy clause: The Constitution is the supreme Law of the Land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reserved powers clause : The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.&quot; </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. How was the Constitution balanced? <ul><li>Separation of Powers: Each branch has its own powers </li></ul><ul><li>Checks & Balances: Each branch can stop another branches actions </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul>
  14. 15. Powers of each branch Tax… Appoint judges Impeach Pres Make treaties Spend $$$ Can void unconstitutional laws Direct army Declare war Trials between states Veto bills Override veto Judicial Executive Legislative
  15. 16. The Constitution as a document of flexibility. <ul><li>Admission of new states (new land could become equal states) </li></ul><ul><li>Amendments (Did not need 100% agreement) </li></ul><ul><li>Necessary-and-Proper Clause </li></ul>
  16. 17. The Constitution as a document of flexibility. <ul><li>Necessary-and-Proper Clause </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Article 1, Section 8 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>gives Congress the power to &quot;make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper&quot; for the nation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this a good idea? </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. To take effect, the Constitution needed to be ratified <ul><li>popularly elected conventions in nine of the thirteen states </li></ul><ul><li>Federalist and Anti-federalist candidates debated and campaigned against one another. </li></ul><ul><li>eligible voters decided who to elect to their state ratifying convention. </li></ul><ul><li>smaller groups of elected representatives decided whether their state should ratify the Constitution. </li></ul>
  18. 19. To take effect, the Constitution needed to be ratified <ul><li>Federalists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>support the idea of the Constitution…why? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who were the Federalists? </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. To take effect, the Constitution needed to be ratified <ul><li>Anti-federalists: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At first against the Constitution- Why? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Would accept the Constitution with amendments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who were the Anti-federalists? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most supported the Constitution with the addition of the Bill of Rights (First 10 amendments to the Constitution) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Jefferson v. Hamilton Support
  21. 22. First Test <ul><li>Divided into at least 3 parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple Choice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Essays </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. Identifications <ul><li>Three parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How or why did it come about? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What effect did it have? </li></ul></ul>
  23. 24. Identifications <ul><li>Boston Tea Party: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A demonstration by the Sons of liberty against the British. The colonists threw boxes of tea into Boston Harbor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This event took place as a result of the Tea Act which gave the East India Co. a monopoly on tea sales in N. America. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As a result of the Tea Party, England passed the Intolerable Acts to punish the colonies. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 25. Identifications <ul><li>Articles of Confederation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government created to address the needs of the colonies as they separated from England. Power to make war, coin money, make treaties, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created by the Second Continental Congress. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The weakness of the Articles demonstrated a need for a new form of government. This would be the US Constitution. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 26. Essays <ul><li>Read the question. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer the whole question. </li></ul><ul><li>Use specific examples!!!!!!!! </li></ul>
  26. 27. <ul><li>Question: Did the French & Indian War lead to or cause the American Revolution? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yes it did because, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>England raise taxes to pay for the war. The colonists felt this was unfair. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The colonies were used to taking care of themselves and liked it (Salutary Neglect) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Forbid western settlement to keep an eye on colonists. (Proclamation of 1763) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 28. Essays <ul><li>The Articles of Confederation were a government set up to be deliberately weak. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? What evidence can you offer to support your position? </li></ul>

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