PID Live Class 5  U.S. Government Structure & Function Declaration, Articles of Confederation & U.S. Constitution
Unit 2 Lesson 1 & 2: a history and outline of the US Constitution <ul><li>Outcomes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Know the purpose...
The Declaration of Independence <ul><li>Purpose: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The declaration and intent to separate from Great B...
Format of the Dec. of Indep. <ul><li>The first sentence of the Declaration asserts as a matter of Natural Law  </li></ul><...
Articles of Confederation  <ul><li>1777-1781  </li></ul><ul><li>Our 1st form of government  </li></ul><ul><li>Established ...
Articles of Confederation <ul><li>No executive officer to enforce laws  </li></ul><ul><li>No way to control trade between ...
U.S. Constitution <ul><li>A quick review…. </li></ul><ul><li>For the full text version of  </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. Cons...
Constitutional Convention  <ul><li>1786  </li></ul><ul><li>Annapolis, MD  </li></ul><ul><li>1787  </li></ul><ul><li>Philad...
Preamble  <ul><li>“We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect  Union , establish  Justice , insur...
Article 1  <ul><li>Legislative Branch  </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make laws  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
House of Representatives  <ul><li>435 members  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on population (about 1 for every 500,000)  </li...
House of Representatives <ul><li>Leader is called the Speaker of the House  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>currently Nancy Pelosi (...
Senate  <ul><li>100 Total Senators </li></ul><ul><li>2 from each state  </li></ul><ul><li>Term </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6 yea...
Senate <ul><li>Leaders of the Senate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vice President  - Currently V.P.-Joe Biden </li></ul></ul><ul><...
General information about Congress  <ul><li>Congress (with a capital C) is the name for both the U.S. House of Representat...
Lawmaking process  <ul><li>Job of Congress is to get laws passed to make sure our country is running smoothly </li></ul><u...
Lawmaking Process  <ul><li>Bill must be passed by both houses of Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Sent to President to sign or v...
Duties of Congress, not states, Article 1, Section 8  <ul><li>Money-power to raise, borrow, coin money  </li></ul><ul><li>...
Federal system  (federalism0 <ul><li>Delegated Powers- Powers only belonging to the federal gov’t  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E...
General information about Article 1 – The Legislature <ul><li>Congress can’t tax goods exported from any state  </li></ul>...
Article 2 – The Executive Branch  <ul><li>Purpose to Enforce laws  </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pr...
President  <ul><li>Takes office on Jan. 20 following an election year  </li></ul><ul><li>Term Limits </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
Qualifications & General information  <ul><li>Age at least 35  </li></ul><ul><li>Natural born citizen  </li></ul><ul><li>L...
How President Elected  <ul><li>Candidate announces running for office </li></ul><ul><li>If more than one person running in...
Election of President <ul><li>Electoral college  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>538 total electoral votes  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Presidential duties  <ul><li>Can call both houses into special session  </li></ul><ul><li>Veto power  </li></ul><ul><li>Ma...
Order of succession  <ul><li>Vice President  </li></ul><ul><li>Speaker of the House  </li></ul><ul><li>President pro-tempo...
Cabinet - 15  <ul><li>Sec. of State – foreign affairs  </li></ul><ul><li>Attorney General – chief legal officer  </li></ul...
Article 3 - Judicial Branch  <ul><li>Purpose-to interpret laws and decide on the constitutionality of laws  </li></ul><ul>...
Judicial Branch  <ul><li>Judges are appointed by the President  </li></ul><ul><li>Approved by Senate  </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
Checks and Balances  <ul><li>Executive  Branch- Vetoes  </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative  Branch -passes by 2/3 vote in each ...
Articles 4 - 7 <ul><li>4  rights of the states  </li></ul><ul><li>5  how to amend the constitution </li></ul><ul><li>6  po...
Amendments-27  <ul><li>1-10 Bill of Rights  </li></ul><ul><li>1 speech and press  </li></ul><ul><li>2 bear arms  </li></ul...
Amendments-27 <ul><li>14 citizenship for blacks  </li></ul><ul><li>15 black men the right to vote  </li></ul><ul><li>16 in...
Flag  <ul><li>13 stripes – colonies  </li></ul><ul><li>50 stars – states  </li></ul><ul><li>Flag hoisted briskly and lower...
All Unit 2 Assignments <ul><li>Declaration Of Independence Q & A </li></ul><ul><li>Declaration of Independence Preamble Q ...
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constitution

  1. 1. PID Live Class 5 U.S. Government Structure & Function Declaration, Articles of Confederation & U.S. Constitution
  2. 2. Unit 2 Lesson 1 & 2: a history and outline of the US Constitution <ul><li>Outcomes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Know the purpose and general outline of the Declaration of Independence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Know the purpose and the general outline of the Articles of Confederation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Know the purpose and general outline of the U.S. Constitution </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Declaration of Independence <ul><li>Purpose: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The declaration and intent to separate from Great Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grievances against Great Britain, specifically the King, King George </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appeal for equality, freedom, and to “the opinions of all mankind” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Officially signed on June 28, 1776, presented to the Continental Congress, revisions and editing occurred on July 2, 1776 and the final version was passed on July 4. 56 members signed the embossed version </li></ul>
  4. 4. Format of the Dec. of Indep. <ul><li>The first sentence of the Declaration asserts as a matter of Natural Law </li></ul><ul><li>The next section, the famous preamble, includes the ideas and ideals that were principles of the Declaration </li></ul><ul><li>The next section is a list of charges against King George </li></ul><ul><li>The next section represents disappointment that attempts made to have the King stop his disputed actions had been unsuccessful </li></ul><ul><li>In the final section, the signers assert that there exist conditions under which people must change their government. </li></ul><ul><li>Full text of the Declaration of Independence link here </li></ul>
  5. 5. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>1777-1781 </li></ul><ul><li>Our 1st form of government </li></ul><ul><li>Established the name of the united states </li></ul><ul><li>Had many problems </li></ul><ul><li>Unicameral (one house) legislature called Congress created from representatives of the 13 states </li></ul><ul><li>One vote per state </li></ul><ul><li>Weak central government </li></ul><ul><li>No national courts </li></ul><ul><li>No power to tax </li></ul><ul><li>No money meant no army </li></ul><ul><li>Important laws had to be approved by at least 9 states </li></ul>
  6. 6. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>No executive officer to enforce laws </li></ul><ul><li>No way to control trade between states </li></ul><ul><li>No way to settle quarrels between states </li></ul><ul><li>States had more power </li></ul><ul><li>They could tax </li></ul><ul><li>They had courts </li></ul><ul><li>States could make currency </li></ul>
  7. 7. U.S. Constitution <ul><li>A quick review…. </li></ul><ul><li>For the full text version of </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. Constitution (click here) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Constitutional Convention <ul><li>1786 </li></ul><ul><li>Annapolis, MD </li></ul><ul><li>1787 </li></ul><ul><li>Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>Independence Hall </li></ul><ul><li>George Washington – president </li></ul><ul><li>Not all agreed </li></ul><ul><li>Compromises made </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia plan-large state plan </li></ul><ul><li>James Madison </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey plan-small state plan </li></ul><ul><li>Ratified 1788 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Preamble <ul><li>“We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union , establish Justice , insure domestic Tranquility , provide for the common defense , promote the general Welfare , and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.” </li></ul>
  10. 10. Article 1 <ul><li>Legislative Branch </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 houses or bodies of Congress House of Representatives Senate </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. House of Representatives <ul><li>435 members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on population (about 1 for every 500,000) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each state gets at least one representative </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Term- 2 years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlimited terms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Qualifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>25 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US Citizen- 7 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resident of state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Male or female </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. House of Representatives <ul><li>Leader is called the Speaker of the House </li></ul><ul><ul><li>currently Nancy Pelosi (D-California) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Check & Balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Power of Impeachment: The House of Reps brings charges against government official - usually the President - if enough there is enough evidence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U.S. House of Representatives for the State of Hawai’i </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maize Hirono </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neil Abercrombie </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Senate <ul><li>100 Total Senators </li></ul><ul><li>2 from each state </li></ul><ul><li>Term </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6 years, 1/3 every of Senators up for re-election every 2 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlimited terms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Qualifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30 years old </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizen for 9 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resident of the state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Male or female </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Senate <ul><li>Leaders of the Senate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vice President - Currently V.P.-Joe Biden </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate pro-tempore - Currently Harry Reid (D., Nevada0 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Checks & Balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate has Power of impeachment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are the Jury in the impeachment trial </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U.S. Senators for the State of Hawai’i </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Daniel Inouye </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daniel Akaka </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. General information about Congress <ul><li>Congress (with a capital C) is the name for both the U.S. House of Representatives and The US Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Both meet in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capitol Building in Washington DC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paid the same, approximately $174, 000 a year. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Lawmaking process <ul><li>Job of Congress is to get laws passed to make sure our country is running smoothly </li></ul><ul><li>How pass laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An idea in the form of a “bill” is introduced either in the House of Reps or the Senate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Revenue laws (money laws like taxes, or refunds, etc must start in the House of Representatives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It goes to a committee where it is heard, fixed, and voted on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If it is approved in committee it goes to the floor of the whichever house it started in and gets voted on. If it passes the first house, then it goes to the next house </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Bill introduced in the House of Reps, goes to a House of Reps committee, is voted on in committee and passes, then it goes to the “floor” of the House of Reps and is voted on. If it passed then it is sent to the Senate and the same process starts over again. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Lawmaking Process <ul><li>Bill must be passed by both houses of Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Sent to President to sign or veto </li></ul><ul><li>If President veto’s, need a 2/3 vote in both houses to over rides a veto </li></ul><ul><li>If President doesn’t act in 10 days, bill automatically becomes law </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial Branch interprets laws to ensure they are within the limits of the Constitution </li></ul>
  18. 18. Duties of Congress, not states, Article 1, Section 8 <ul><li>Money-power to raise, borrow, coin money </li></ul><ul><li>Defense-power to declare war, to raise and support military </li></ul><ul><li>Ex post facto law </li></ul><ul><li>Congress can’t convict someone of an act that does not have a law making that act illegal </li></ul><ul><li>Postal duties </li></ul><ul><li>Make treaties </li></ul>
  19. 19. Federal system (federalism0 <ul><li>Delegated Powers- Powers only belonging to the federal gov’t </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex.-military, postal system, standards, copyrights, commerce, immigration, declaration of war </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concurrent Powers- shared federal and state powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex.- general welfare, courts, levy taxes, banks, borrow money </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reserved Powers-Powers belonging only to state gov’ts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex.-schools, local gov’t, marriage regulations </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. General information about Article 1 – The Legislature <ul><li>Congress can’t tax goods exported from any state </li></ul><ul><li>Each citizen must treat citizens of other states the same as their citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Webpage to get specifics on the Constitution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://lcweb2.loc.gov/const/const.html </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Article 2 – The Executive Branch <ul><li>Purpose to Enforce laws </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>President </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vice President </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15 cabinet members </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. President <ul><li>Takes office on Jan. 20 following an election year </li></ul><ul><li>Term Limits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 terms – set by the 22 nd amendment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Office located - White House </li></ul><ul><li>Current President: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barack Obama </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Qualifications & General information <ul><li>Age at least 35 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural born citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Live in US for 14 years </li></ul><ul><li>Male or female </li></ul><ul><li>General Info: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 1 resigned from office - Richard Nixon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 1 appointed to office - Gerald Ford </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st African American – Barack Obama </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. How President Elected <ul><li>Candidate announces running for office </li></ul><ul><li>If more than one person running in a political party then there is a primary election </li></ul><ul><li>Primary election is where the political party chooses a candidate that will represent them in the general election </li></ul><ul><li>General election when political party nominee’s run against each other for President </li></ul><ul><li>Most elections are determined by popular vote – each person eligible to vote casts one vote and their vote counts individually. </li></ul><ul><li>When you vote for president, you are really voting for an elector who has pledged to represent that candidate. The electors chosen by each state are called the electoral college. They are a group of people who officially elect the president and vice president. Each state has as many votes in the electoral college as it has senators and members of the House of Representatives. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Election of President <ul><li>Electoral college </li></ul><ul><ul><li>538 total electoral votes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need 270 to win </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If no candidate gets a majority of electors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House of Reps decides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each state gets 1 vote </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inauguration Jan. 20 </li></ul>
  26. 26. Presidential duties <ul><li>Can call both houses into special session </li></ul><ul><li>Veto power </li></ul><ul><li>Makes appointments for ambassadors, judges, 15 cabinet members (they must be confirmed by the Senate) </li></ul><ul><li>Commander-in –chief </li></ul><ul><li>Prepares annual budget </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ready by Jan., presented to Congress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 biggest expenditures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Defense and Social Security </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Order of succession <ul><li>Vice President </li></ul><ul><li>Speaker of the House </li></ul><ul><li>President pro-tempore </li></ul><ul><li>Cabinet- Sec. of State </li></ul>
  28. 28. Cabinet - 15 <ul><li>Sec. of State – foreign affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Attorney General – chief legal officer </li></ul><ul><li>Sec. of Defense – defense </li></ul><ul><li>Sec. of Agriculture – farm programs </li></ul><ul><li>Sec. of Treasury – coinage and printing of money and secret service </li></ul><ul><li>Sec. of Health and Human Service – health and social security </li></ul><ul><li>Sec. of Energy – energy programs </li></ul><ul><li>Sec. of Interior – natural resources and parks </li></ul><ul><li>Sec. of Labor – settles strikes, working conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Sec. of Homeland Defense – oversees protection of U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Sec. of Education – education </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. of Transportation – transportation and Coast Guard </li></ul><ul><li>Sec. Commerce – industry and business </li></ul>
  29. 29. Article 3 - Judicial Branch <ul><li>Purpose-to interpret laws and decide on the constitutionality of laws </li></ul><ul><li>Federal court system has 3 courts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Supreme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Appellate or Court of Appeals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. District </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Judicial Branch <ul><li>Judges are appointed by the President </li></ul><ul><li>Approved by Senate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Term for life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No qualifications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supreme court </li></ul><ul><ul><li>9 justices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Jr. (conservative) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supreme Court Building in Washington DC </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Checks and Balances <ul><li>Executive Branch- Vetoes </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative Branch -passes by 2/3 vote in each house </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial Branch– declares law unconstitutional </li></ul>
  32. 32. Articles 4 - 7 <ul><li>4 rights of the states </li></ul><ul><li>5 how to amend the constitution </li></ul><ul><li>6 powers of the constitution </li></ul><ul><li>7 how the constitution would be ratified (approved) </li></ul>
  33. 33. Amendments-27 <ul><li>1-10 Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>1 speech and press </li></ul><ul><li>2 bear arms </li></ul><ul><li>4 privacy </li></ul><ul><li>6 speedy trial </li></ul><ul><li>9 enumeration </li></ul><ul><li>12 election of president </li></ul><ul><li>13 no slavery </li></ul>
  34. 34. Amendments-27 <ul><li>14 citizenship for blacks </li></ul><ul><li>15 black men the right to vote </li></ul><ul><li>16 income tax </li></ul><ul><li>18 prohibition </li></ul><ul><li>19 women right to vote </li></ul><ul><li>21 repeal 18 </li></ul><ul><li>22 president’s term </li></ul><ul><li>26 vote at 18 </li></ul>
  35. 35. Flag <ul><li>13 stripes – colonies </li></ul><ul><li>50 stars – states </li></ul><ul><li>Flag hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously </li></ul><ul><li>Procession in front </li></ul><ul><li>Treated with respect </li></ul>
  36. 36. All Unit 2 Assignments <ul><li>Declaration Of Independence Q & A </li></ul><ul><li>Declaration of Independence Preamble Q & A </li></ul><ul><li>Articles of Confederation Check for Understanding Quiz </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional Convention Q & A </li></ul><ul><li>The Basic Principles of U.S. Government Q & A </li></ul><ul><li>Outlining The Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding The Bill of Rights Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative Branch Quiz </li></ul><ul><li>Can We Justify The Implied Powers of Congress Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Branch Quiz </li></ul><ul><li>Role of the President Quiz </li></ul><ul><li>The Judicial Branch Quiz </li></ul><ul><li>Federalism - The Sharing of Powers Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution Test </li></ul>

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