The Constitution A  Christopher Rice  Digital File
 
The lesson here?
Political motives are never neutral…
… and the truth is like an onion skin.
 
The Goldilocks Problem <ul><li>Articles  too weak  – needed stronger national government for nation-building. </li></ul><u...
The Goldilocks Problem <ul><li>Articles  too weak  – needed stronger national government for nation-building. </li></ul><u...
The Goldilocks Problem <ul><li>Articles  too weak  – needed stronger national government for nation-building. </li></ul><u...
 
The Articles (1777) created in law what had already existed in practice since Declaration of Independence…
The Articles (1777) created in law what had already existed in practice since Declaration of Independence… … a loose confe...
 
Provisions of the Articles <ul><li>Could make war/peace, but no power to levy taxes to pursue either. </li></ul><ul><li>Co...
Provisions of the Articles <ul><li>Could make war/peace, but no power to levy taxes to pursue either. </li></ul><ul><li>Co...
Provisions of the Articles <ul><li>Could make war/peace, but no power to levy taxes to pursue either. </li></ul><ul><li>Co...
Provisions of the Articles <ul><li>Could make war/peace, but no power to levy taxes to pursue either. </li></ul><ul><li>Co...
Provisions of the Articles <ul><li>Could make war/peace, but no power to levy taxes to pursue either. </li></ul><ul><li>Co...
Provisions of the Articles <ul><li>Could make war/peace, but no power to levy taxes to pursue either. </li></ul><ul><li>Co...
Problems with the Articles
Problems with the Articles <ul><li>Government unable to finance its activities.  </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial money almost w...
Problems with the Articles <ul><li>Government unable to finance its activities.  </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial money almost w...
Problems with the Articles <ul><li>Government unable to finance its activities.  </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial money almost w...
Problems with the Articles <ul><li>Government unable to finance its activities.  </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial money almost w...
Problems with the Articles <ul><li>Government unable to finance its activities.  </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial money almost w...
Shays’ Rebellion One of the first US populist uprisings
Problem of Farmer Debt
 
Fear of Democracy Getting Out of Hand…
Shays’ Rebellion One of the first US populist uprisings
The first constitution of the United States was known as ________. <ul><li>the Articles of Confederation </li></ul><ul><li...
Which of the following was  NOT   a component of the Articles of Confederation? <ul><li>The absence of an independent judi...
What is the proper role of the majority?
Checks on the Majority <ul><li>Selection of Senators </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Independent (n...
Checks on the Majority <ul><li>Selection of Senators </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Independent (n...
Checks on the Majority <ul><li>Selection of Senators </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Independent (n...
Checks on the Majority <ul><li>Selection of Senators </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Independent (n...
 
Fragmented Government
#1: Separation of Powers
Central Government / Authority Executive Legislative Judicial
Legislative Executive Judicial
#2: Checks & Balances
 
#3: Federalism
Objectives of a Republican Form of Government
Government based on popular consent Government possesses limited power
The Constitutional Convention May 25 - September 17, 1787
The Aerogel Revolution?
 
 
Structural Compromises
The Virginia Plan <ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House popularly elected, apportioned by popula...
The Virginia Plan <ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House popularly elected, apportioned by popula...
The Virginia Plan <ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House popularly elected, apportioned by popula...
The Virginia Plan <ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House popularly elected, apportioned by popula...
The Virginia Plan <ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House popularly elected, apportioned by popula...
New Jersey Plan <ul><li>Cautious revision of Articles, not a wholly new approach. </li></ul><ul><li>Small-state delegates ...
New Jersey Plan <ul><li>Cautious revision of Articles, not a wholly new approach. </li></ul><ul><li>Small-state delegates ...
“ You see the consequences of pushing things too far. Some members from the small states wish for two branches in the Gene...
New Jersey Plan <ul><li>Cautious revision of Articles, not a wholly new approach. </li></ul><ul><li>Small-state delegates ...
Recognition of hard political reality,  NOT  an acquiescence to “states’ rights”
New Jersey Plan <ul><li>Favored strong national government in principle, opposed domination of large states </li></ul><ul>...
New Jersey Plan <ul><li>Favored strong national government in principle, opposed domination of large states </li></ul><ul>...
New Jersey Plan <ul><li>Favored strong national government in principle, opposed domination of large states </li></ul><ul>...
Hamilton’s Wacked-Out Monarch-for-Life Plan
 
 
“ No thanks!
Hamilton’s Wacked-Out Monarch-for-Life Plan
<ul><li>Paterson lost, but did achieve his purpose… </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut delegation actually came up with the com...
<ul><li>Paterson lost, but did achieve his purpose… </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut delegation actually came up with the com...
<ul><li>Article I, Sections 2 & 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House apportioned by...
<ul><li>Article I, Sections 2 & 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House apportioned by...
<ul><li>Article I, Sections 2 & 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House apportioned by...
<ul><li>Article I, Sections 2 & 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House apportioned by...
<ul><li>Article I, Sections 2 & 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House apportioned by...
In order to uphold the basic values of democracy, the Constitution was designed to include which of the following? <ul><li...
Other Compromises
The Three-Fifths Compromise
Presidential Elections
 
Something to Ponder…
Something to Ponder… … Government is slow and “inefficient” because it was designed to work that way!
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

The Constitution

951 views

Published on

Slideshow prepared for a series of lectures on the U.S. Constitution for PS 101 American Government (Fall 2007) at the University of Kentucky. Dr. Christopher S. Rice, Lecturer.

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
951
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
32
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Constitution

  1. 1. The Constitution A Christopher Rice Digital File
  2. 3. The lesson here?
  3. 4. Political motives are never neutral…
  4. 5. … and the truth is like an onion skin.
  5. 7. The Goldilocks Problem <ul><li>Articles too weak – needed stronger national government for nation-building. </li></ul><ul><li>Needed to avoid strengthening central government too much to avoid tyrannical government. </li></ul>
  6. 8. The Goldilocks Problem <ul><li>Articles too weak – needed stronger national government for nation-building. </li></ul><ul><li>Needed to avoid strengthening central government too much to avoid tyrannical government. </li></ul>
  7. 9. The Goldilocks Problem <ul><li>Articles too weak – needed stronger national government for nation-building. </li></ul><ul><li>Needed to avoid strengthening central government too much to avoid tyrannical government. </li></ul>
  8. 11. The Articles (1777) created in law what had already existed in practice since Declaration of Independence…
  9. 12. The Articles (1777) created in law what had already existed in practice since Declaration of Independence… … a loose confederation of independent states.
  10. 14. Provisions of the Articles <ul><li>Could make war/peace, but no power to levy taxes to pursue either. </li></ul><ul><li>Could not regulate interstate commerce, nor deny states the right to collect customs duties. </li></ul><ul><li>No independent executive to insure laws passed by Congress enforced. </li></ul><ul><li>No national court system to settle interstate disputes. </li></ul><ul><li>All legislation required approval of 9 of 13 states, making action almost impossible. </li></ul><ul><li>Defects in the Articles were difficult to remedy – amendments required unanimous approval of the states. </li></ul>
  11. 15. Provisions of the Articles <ul><li>Could make war/peace, but no power to levy taxes to pursue either. </li></ul><ul><li>Could not regulate interstate commerce, nor deny states the right to collect customs duties. </li></ul><ul><li>No independent executive to insure laws passed by Congress enforced. </li></ul><ul><li>No national court system to settle interstate disputes. </li></ul><ul><li>All legislation required approval of 9 of 13 states, making action almost impossible. </li></ul><ul><li>Defects in the Articles were difficult to remedy – amendments required unanimous approval of the states. </li></ul>
  12. 16. Provisions of the Articles <ul><li>Could make war/peace, but no power to levy taxes to pursue either. </li></ul><ul><li>Could not regulate interstate commerce, nor deny states the right to collect customs duties. </li></ul><ul><li>No independent executive to insure laws passed by Congress enforced. </li></ul><ul><li>No national court system to settle interstate disputes. </li></ul><ul><li>All legislation required approval of 9 of 13 states, making action almost impossible. </li></ul><ul><li>Defects in the Articles were difficult to remedy – amendments required unanimous approval of the states. </li></ul>
  13. 17. Provisions of the Articles <ul><li>Could make war/peace, but no power to levy taxes to pursue either. </li></ul><ul><li>Could not regulate interstate commerce, nor deny states the right to collect customs duties. </li></ul><ul><li>No independent executive to insure laws passed by Congress enforced. </li></ul><ul><li>No national court system to settle interstate disputes. </li></ul><ul><li>All legislation required approval of 9 of 13 states, making action almost impossible. </li></ul><ul><li>Defects in the Articles were difficult to remedy – amendments required unanimous approval of the states. </li></ul>
  14. 18. Provisions of the Articles <ul><li>Could make war/peace, but no power to levy taxes to pursue either. </li></ul><ul><li>Could not regulate interstate commerce, nor deny states the right to collect customs duties. </li></ul><ul><li>No independent executive to insure laws passed by Congress enforced. </li></ul><ul><li>No national court system to settle interstate disputes. </li></ul><ul><li>All legislation required approval of 9 of 13 states, making action almost impossible. </li></ul><ul><li>Defects in the Articles were difficult to remedy – amendments required unanimous approval of the states. </li></ul>
  15. 19. Provisions of the Articles <ul><li>Could make war/peace, but no power to levy taxes to pursue either. </li></ul><ul><li>Could not regulate interstate commerce, nor deny states the right to collect customs duties. </li></ul><ul><li>No independent executive to insure laws passed by Congress enforced. </li></ul><ul><li>No national court system to settle interstate disputes. </li></ul><ul><li>All legislation required approval of 9 of 13 states, making action almost impossible. </li></ul><ul><li>Defects in the Articles were difficult to remedy – amendments required unanimous approval of the states. </li></ul>
  16. 20. Problems with the Articles
  17. 21. Problems with the Articles <ul><li>Government unable to finance its activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial money almost worthless, government couldn’t borrow. </li></ul><ul><li>Couldn’t defend US interests abroad because no standing army. </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to make treaties: lack of single executive, Congressional actions could be vetoed by States. </li></ul><ul><li>Government couldn’t prevent outbreak of interstate commercial warfare. </li></ul>
  18. 22. Problems with the Articles <ul><li>Government unable to finance its activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial money almost worthless, government couldn’t borrow. </li></ul><ul><li>Couldn’t defend US interests abroad because no standing army. </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to make treaties: lack of single executive, Congressional actions could be vetoed by States. </li></ul><ul><li>Government couldn’t prevent outbreak of interstate commercial warfare. </li></ul>
  19. 23. Problems with the Articles <ul><li>Government unable to finance its activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial money almost worthless, government couldn’t borrow. </li></ul><ul><li>Couldn’t defend US interests abroad because no standing army. </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to make treaties: lack of single executive, Congressional actions could be vetoed by States. </li></ul><ul><li>Government couldn’t prevent outbreak of interstate commercial warfare. </li></ul>
  20. 24. Problems with the Articles <ul><li>Government unable to finance its activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial money almost worthless, government couldn’t borrow. </li></ul><ul><li>Couldn’t defend US interests abroad because no standing army. </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to make treaties: lack of single executive, Congressional actions could be vetoed by States. </li></ul><ul><li>Government couldn’t prevent outbreak of interstate commercial warfare. </li></ul>
  21. 25. Problems with the Articles <ul><li>Government unable to finance its activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial money almost worthless, government couldn’t borrow. </li></ul><ul><li>Couldn’t defend US interests abroad because no standing army. </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to make treaties: lack of single executive, Congressional actions could be vetoed by States. </li></ul><ul><li>Government couldn’t prevent outbreak of interstate commercial warfare. </li></ul>
  22. 26. Shays’ Rebellion One of the first US populist uprisings
  23. 27. Problem of Farmer Debt
  24. 29. Fear of Democracy Getting Out of Hand…
  25. 30. Shays’ Rebellion One of the first US populist uprisings
  26. 31. The first constitution of the United States was known as ________. <ul><li>the Articles of Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>the Virginia Plan </li></ul><ul><li>the Connecticut Compromise </li></ul><ul><li>the original inter-state agreement </li></ul>
  27. 32. Which of the following was NOT a component of the Articles of Confederation? <ul><li>The absence of an independent judiciary. </li></ul><ul><li>The national government lacked the power to tax. </li></ul><ul><li>A unicameral legislature. </li></ul><ul><li>All of these choices ARE components of the Articles of Confederation. </li></ul>
  28. 33. What is the proper role of the majority?
  29. 34. Checks on the Majority <ul><li>Selection of Senators </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Independent (non-elected) </li></ul><ul><li>Judiciary </li></ul><ul><li>Electoral College </li></ul>
  30. 35. Checks on the Majority <ul><li>Selection of Senators </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Independent (non-elected) </li></ul><ul><li>Judiciary </li></ul><ul><li>Electoral College </li></ul>
  31. 36. Checks on the Majority <ul><li>Selection of Senators </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Independent (non-elected) Judiciary </li></ul><ul><li>Electoral College </li></ul>
  32. 37. Checks on the Majority <ul><li>Selection of Senators </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Independent (non-elected) Judiciary </li></ul><ul><li>Electoral College </li></ul>
  33. 39. Fragmented Government
  34. 40. #1: Separation of Powers
  35. 41. Central Government / Authority Executive Legislative Judicial
  36. 42. Legislative Executive Judicial
  37. 43. #2: Checks & Balances
  38. 45. #3: Federalism
  39. 46. Objectives of a Republican Form of Government
  40. 47. Government based on popular consent Government possesses limited power
  41. 48. The Constitutional Convention May 25 - September 17, 1787
  42. 49. The Aerogel Revolution?
  43. 52. Structural Compromises
  44. 53. The Virginia Plan <ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House popularly elected, apportioned by population. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper House elected by Lower House. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Single Executive </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Judiciary </li></ul><ul><li>Supremacy Clause </li></ul>
  45. 54. The Virginia Plan <ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House popularly elected, apportioned by population. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper House elected by Lower House. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Single Executive </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Judiciary </li></ul><ul><li>Supremacy Clause </li></ul>
  46. 55. The Virginia Plan <ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House popularly elected, apportioned by population. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper House elected by Lower House. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Single Executive </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Judiciary </li></ul><ul><li>Supremacy Clause </li></ul>
  47. 56. The Virginia Plan <ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House popularly elected, apportioned by population. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper House elected by Lower House. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Single Executive </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Judiciary </li></ul><ul><li>Supremacy Clause </li></ul>
  48. 57. The Virginia Plan <ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House popularly elected, apportioned by population. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper House elected by Lower House. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Single Executive </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Judiciary </li></ul><ul><li>Supremacy Clause </li></ul>
  49. 58. New Jersey Plan <ul><li>Cautious revision of Articles, not a wholly new approach. </li></ul><ul><li>Small-state delegates figured out they were getting pwnd. </li></ul><ul><li>Madison could have run roughshod over small-state delegates, but didn’t. </li></ul>
  50. 59. New Jersey Plan <ul><li>Cautious revision of Articles, not a wholly new approach. </li></ul><ul><li>Small-state delegates figured out they were getting pwnd. </li></ul><ul><li>Madison could have run roughshod over small-state delegates, but didn’t. </li></ul>
  51. 60. “ You see the consequences of pushing things too far. Some members from the small states wish for two branches in the General Legislature and are friends to a good National Government; but we would sooner submit to a foreign power than…be deprived of an equality of suffrage in both branches of the legislature, and thereby be thrown under the domination of the large States.” John Dickinson, Delaware
  52. 61. New Jersey Plan <ul><li>Cautious revision of Articles, not a wholly new approach. </li></ul><ul><li>Small-state delegates figured out they were getting pwnd. </li></ul><ul><li>Madison could have run roughshod over small-state delegates, but didn’t. </li></ul>
  53. 62. Recognition of hard political reality, NOT an acquiescence to “states’ rights”
  54. 63. New Jersey Plan <ul><li>Favored strong national government in principle, opposed domination of large states </li></ul><ul><li>Unicameral legislature (one vote each state) </li></ul><ul><li>Supremacy Clause </li></ul>
  55. 64. New Jersey Plan <ul><li>Favored strong national government in principle, opposed domination of large states </li></ul><ul><li>Unicameral legislature (one vote each state) </li></ul><ul><li>Supremacy Clause </li></ul>
  56. 65. New Jersey Plan <ul><li>Favored strong national government in principle, opposed domination of large states </li></ul><ul><li>Unicameral legislature (one vote each state) </li></ul><ul><li>Supremacy Clause </li></ul>
  57. 66. Hamilton’s Wacked-Out Monarch-for-Life Plan
  58. 69. “ No thanks!
  59. 70. Hamilton’s Wacked-Out Monarch-for-Life Plan
  60. 71. <ul><li>Paterson lost, but did achieve his purpose… </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut delegation actually came up with the compromise early, but were ignored </li></ul>The Connecticut Compromise
  61. 72. <ul><li>Paterson lost, but did achieve his purpose… </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut delegation actually came up with the compromise early, but were ignored </li></ul>The Connecticut Compromise
  62. 73. <ul><li>Article I, Sections 2 & 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House apportioned by population, popularly elected. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper House equal representation (2), selected by State Legislatures. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supremacy Clause (Article VI, Section 2) </li></ul>The Connecticut Compromise
  63. 74. <ul><li>Article I, Sections 2 & 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House apportioned by population, popularly elected. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper House equal representation (2), selected by State Legislatures. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supremacy Clause (Article VI, Section 2) </li></ul>The Connecticut Compromise
  64. 75. <ul><li>Article I, Sections 2 & 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House apportioned by population, popularly elected. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper House equal representation (2), selected by State Legislatures. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supremacy Clause (Article VI, Section 2) </li></ul>The Connecticut Compromise
  65. 76. <ul><li>Article I, Sections 2 & 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House apportioned by population, popularly elected. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper House equal representation (2), selected by State Legislatures. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supremacy Clause (Article VI, Section 2) </li></ul>The Connecticut Compromise
  66. 77. <ul><li>Article I, Sections 2 & 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower House apportioned by population, popularly elected. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper House equal representation (2), selected by State Legislatures. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supremacy Clause (Article VI, Section 2) </li></ul>The Connecticut Compromise
  67. 78. In order to uphold the basic values of democracy, the Constitution was designed to include which of the following? <ul><li>mixed government </li></ul><ul><li>fragmentation of power </li></ul><ul><li>representative government </li></ul><ul><li>all of the above </li></ul>
  68. 79. Other Compromises
  69. 80. The Three-Fifths Compromise
  70. 81. Presidential Elections
  71. 83. Something to Ponder…
  72. 84. Something to Ponder… … Government is slow and “inefficient” because it was designed to work that way!

×