The new england settlers

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Photos of Plymouth are Ms. Prepster's

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The new england settlers

  1. 1. The New England Settlers Pilgrims and Puritans come to create new religious communities 1620-1692 Use these slides to fill in the note taking timeline. Click for internet link
  2. 2. <ul><li>On a cold November day a ship called the Mayflower arrived off Cape Cod on the Massachusetts coast. They were trying to find Vriginia but were blown far off course by a storm. They landed in an area that John Smith had mapped out. They were lost and on their own. </li></ul>After A long Slow Journey
  3. 3. <ul><li>Because they were outside the laws of the Virginia Company, the men of the Mayflower drew up an agreement called the Mayflower Compact. In it they agreed to obey all the laws agreed upon for the good of the colony. They agreed to use majority rule. </li></ul>A Decision for Self-Government and Survival
  4. 4. The Mayflower Compact <ul><li>The Mayflower Compact </li></ul>The Story
  5. 5. <ul><li>Just like the Jamestown settlers they endured a starving time. Half the Separatists were dead after the first winter. Then in a great moment of luck, out of the woods came a Native called Samoset . He spoke English which shocked the Pilgrims. He introduced the Pilgrims to the Sachem (Chief) Squanto . </li></ul>This Sounds Familiar
  6. 6. <ul><li>Squanto showed the Pilgrims how to plant corn so that they would stop stealing the natives corn. Sometime in the fall the Pilgrims and the Natives had a three day feast to celebrate a good harvest. On the menu was deer, roast duck, roast goose, clams, eel, corn bread, leeks, salad herbs, wild plums and dried berries. </li></ul>No Turkey!?
  7. 7. My Plymouth Pictures
  8. 8. <ul><li>A bigger group of Puritans decided to leave England ten years after the Pilgrims. The King was glad to see them leave. He gave them a new Charter for the colony of Massachusetts Bay . The charter said they would be able to govern themselves (Self-Government). The Puritans saw this as a sign to create a community based on the Bible. They invested all their money in the Massachusetts Bay company. In 1630 11 well supplied ships carried 1000 passengers to New England. England's third colony was about to begin. </li></ul>More Settlers Arrive in New England
  9. 9. <ul><li>John Winthrop was the colony’s first governor . Unlike the other settlements, the Puritans were well prepared . The basic unit of the commonwealth was the congregation. By law everyone had to attend church and only church members could run the community. They believed that God required them to work hard . This work ethic allowed the Puritans to prosper. They also passed a law that all children needed to go to school so that they could read the Bible. </li></ul>“ We must consider that we shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us.” A Song
  10. 10. A Model of Christian Charity <ul><li>We must delight in each other; make others’ conditions our own; rejoice together, mourn together, labor and suffer together, always having before our eyes our commission and community in the work, as members of the same body. So shall we keep the unity of the spirit in the bond of peace. The Lord will be our God, and delight to dwell among us, as His own people, and will command a blessing upon us in all our ways, so that we shall see much more of His wisdom, power, goodness and truth, than formerly we have been acquainted with. We shall find that the God of Israel is among us, when ten of us shall be able to resist a thousand of our enemies; when He shall make us a praise and glory that men shall say of succeeding plantations, &quot;may the Lord make it like that of New England.&quot; For we must consider that we shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us. So that if we shall deal falsely with our God in this work we have undertaken, and so cause Him to withdraw His present help from us, we shall be made a story and a by-word through the world. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Trouble begins in 1636 <ul><li>A Puritan named Thomas Hooker disagreed with the Puritan leaders and set out with about 100 followers. He established the town of Hartford which grew into the colony of Connecticut. </li></ul>
  12. 12. A New Representative Government <ul><li>Hookers congregation wrote the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut. This document gave voting rights to non-church members and expanded the idea of representative government. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Two other Puritan members challenged Puritan authority and were banished from Massachusetts. Roger Williams established Rhode Island and the first Baptist church in America. Soon after , Anne Hutchinson was banished from Massachusetts for holding church services in her house. She left and moved to Rhode Island. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Another religious group who came to America to escape persecution was the Quakers. The Puritans banished them from Massachusetts. They were whipped, tortured and hanged before they decided to leave for Rhode Island and Connecticut. </li></ul>
  15. 15. 1675-76 War with the Natives <ul><li>As the number of colonists grew, more and more local Native's lands were being taken over. This led to a war between the Puritans and the Wampanoag. The Natives were led by Metacom , a.k.a. King Philip. This war was called King Philip’s War and the natives lost badly. Most were killed and the rest were sold into slavery in the West Indies. Metacom’s head was cut off and put on a stake in the middle of town. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Suspicion Grows in 1692 <ul><li>The Puritan society was centered on the church. As more people immigrated from England their communities began to change. The Puritans grew suspicious of the newcomers. </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Salem Witch Craft Trials <ul><li>Then, several girls in the Town of Salem accused others of witchcraft. The Puritans thought the witchcraft trials were a sign from God to return to a Puritan society. The royal government of England stepped in and replaced the church government freeing all the accused witches. Their charter was revoked and the colony was again under the Kings control. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Unfortunately, not before 19 of the falsely accused were hung by their necks!
  19. 19. <ul><li>Today we still hold many of the same values as the Puritans. Americans believe in hard work and education. </li></ul><ul><li>We also give thanks once a year and remember our good fortunes during Thanksgiving. </li></ul><ul><li>We also learned from their mistakes, accusing people of a crime without evidence is wrong and it’s ok to have a difference of opinion without having to fear being banned from your community. </li></ul><ul><li>The Puritans believed in discussion and community, sometimes. </li></ul>The Puritans
  20. 20. The Pilgrims Story

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