Social Studies Standards 1. History of the United States Ela. 1 Make perspective and well developed connections to prior knowledge Guiding Question : How did the different colonial regions develop?
Vocabulary : Puritans – people who wanted to purify the Anglican Church The Pilgrims - were one Separatist group that left England in the early 1600s to escape persecution. Immigrants - people who have left the country of their birth to live in another country.
Mini Lesson – Read Aloud - Compare and Contrast Economies of the Southern Colonies The economies of the southern colonies depended on agriculture. They also exported materials for building ships, such as wood and tar. Some colonies traded with local Indians for deerskins to sell. The colonies had many small farms and some large plantations. Farms did well because the South enjoyed a warm climate and a long growing season. Many farms grew cash crops that were sold for profit. Tobacco, rice, and indigo—a plant used to make blue dye—were the most important cash crops. The southern colonies’ cash crops required a great deal of difficult work to grow and harvest. This meant a large workforce was needed. By the 1700s enslaved Africans, rather than indentured servants, had become the main source of labor. New England Economy Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island were very different from the southern colonies. The often harsh climate and rocky soil meant that few New England farms could not grow cash crops. Most farming families grew crops and raised animals for their own use. There was thus little demand for farm laborers. Although some people held slaves, slavery did not become as important to this region.
Explain why the Southern Colonies and the New England Colonies were different. Provide at least two reasons in your explanation. The economy of the southern Colonies depended on cash crops. The south had a warm climate and a long growing season. There were large farms called plantations that required a large work force. Slaves were brought to the colonies in large numbers to do the work. The climate in New England was cold. The soil was rocky and could not grow large amounts of cash crops. Most families raised livestock and grew food for their own use. The farms did not require a large work force. There were very few slaves in the New England colonies.
<ul><li>Work Period </li></ul><ul><li>Read the passages about the Jamestown colony and the Pilgrims. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer the questions in the appropriate way. </li></ul><ul><li>Activate your prior knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Explain do not summarize </li></ul><ul><li>Compare or contrast according to the instructions </li></ul>
Closing – Explain whether or not you think the Pilgrims and the first group of settlers in Virginia will get along? Be specific – you can only include reasons that you have read about. Bonus Question – Which southern colony was established for religious reasons?