The Pilgrims and Puritans

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The Pilgrims and Puritans

  1. 1. The Pilgrims Who were they? Where were they from? Why did they come to America?
  2. 2. Read page 168
  3. 3. William Bradford <ul><li>Leader of a group known as “Separatists” in England. </li></ul><ul><li>He and His group decided to leave England and start their own settlement where they could practice religion as they pleased. </li></ul><ul><li>They became known as “Pilgrims.” </li></ul><ul><li>Pilgrim– a person who journeys for religious reasons. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why did the pilgrims leave England?
  5. 5. Pilgrims <ul><li>September 1620– set sail for Virginia in their ship called The Mayflower . </li></ul><ul><li>Due to bad weather, The Mayflower landed much farther north. </li></ul><ul><li>They called the land “New England.” </li></ul><ul><li>They settled near a rocky harbor called “Plymouth.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mayflower Compact <ul><li>A plan of government for their colony that would make “just and equal laws…for the good of the colony.” </li></ul><ul><li>Another important step toward self-government in the colonies (like the House of Burgesses). </li></ul><ul><li>It was signed by all the men aboard The Mayflower. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Hardships <ul><li>Pilgrims were weak from the long voyage. </li></ul><ul><li>They faced freezing weather. </li></ul><ul><li>Hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Disease </li></ul><ul><li>In the first three months of the colony, nearly half the settlers died. </li></ul>
  8. 8. What effect did weather have on the pilgrims when they reached Plymouth?
  9. 9. Squanto <ul><li>Helped the Pilgrims by showing them the best hunting and fishing areas. He also taught them how to grow corn in the rocky New England soil. </li></ul><ul><li>The Pilgrims invited the Native Americans to a feast of Thanksgiving. </li></ul><ul><li>They ate deer, wild duck, lobster, fish, cornbread, pumpkin, squash, berries, and wild plums. The celebration lasted for three days and included parades, games, and races. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Puritans <ul><li>Another group from England who came to “The New World” for religious reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>They learned from the hardships of Jamestown and Plymouth. </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Bay Colony </li></ul><ul><li>Boston was their settlement. </li></ul><ul><li>Very successful in creating a settlement! </li></ul><ul><li>Very religious </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone who didn’t agree with their beliefs were made to leave their colony. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Why was the Puritan colony so successful?

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