INTRODUCTION Curriculum planning is based on philosophy and objectives. Curriculum construction requires an understanding of educational psychology, together with knowledge and skill in the practice of nursing education. There are five steps in the development of curriculum.
CURRICULUM PROCESS Philosophy Evaluation of total Purpose / Program Objective Organization of Selection of learning learning experience and content experiences
1. Formulating the statement of philosophy and purposes of the school or college or university.2. Establishments of purposes and objectives of the School or college or university3. Selection of learning experience to achieve the purpose and objective.4. Effecting organization of the selected learning experience.5. Evaluation of the total program.
FORMULATING THE STATEMENT OF THE PHILOSOPHY Philosophies are the beliefs and standards of the persons who starts a programme. The philosophy serves as a framework within which an organization, school or college or educational programme can function with an objective and purpose. The philosophy is expressed in different ways as the quality of education, selection, of teachers and students.
Guidelines for development of philosophy An educational philosophy states the values which are believed to be right, true and good by the persons responsibilities for the school or college. An educational philosophy will be unique to the particular society and individual whom it serves. All teaching staff should participate in the formulation of the school philosophy or college philosophy.
College or school philosophy is used as a screen. College or school philosophy should not conflict with the philosophy of the institution of which it is a part. College or school philosophy should be re – examined periodically to determine its suitability in the light of the changing conditions.
AIMS GOALS AND OBJECTIVES The term ‘Purposes’ refers to describe the overall goals of the total education program and the term ‘objective’ refers to the breakdown of purposes into the specific goals which can be used to pinpoint the content. The objective is developed to indicate what changes in behavior it is hoped to bring about in the student as a result of the courses being offered.
Factors to be considered Statement of philosophy. Social and health needs of the people. Kind of students to be expected in the education program. Level of professional competence to be attained. Role of nurse (after qualifying) in society. Statutory minimum requirements. Teaching, physical and clinical resources availability.
SELECTION OF A LEARNING EXPERIENCES A learning experience is something in which the student actively participate and which results in a change of behavior. The teacher should select only experiences which will result in a change in behavior outlined in the objectives of the program.
CLASSIFICATION OF LEARNING EXPERIENCES Direct Learning Experiences These are first hand experiences with various objects or symbols. Examples for direct learning experiences are as follows • Observing samples or specimens • Experimenting with physical and chemical materials • Setting up apparatus for experiment • Operating machines • Constructing models, charts, plans • Drawing pictures and painting models
Dramatizing historical events Summarizing a lengthy description Collecting, analyzing and interpreting the data and generalizing. Listing important facts and points Presenting ideas orally or in writing Conducting physical examination of clients Performing nursing procedures Handling different types of medical equipments and articles.
Indirect Learning experiencesThose experiences which are not the first hand information.Reading accounts or descriptions or discussion in books, journals, magazines and newspaper.Observing pictures photos maps and modelsListenning to oral descriptions and lecture talks