Placement :-Total subject as well as practical experience must be placed in such a way by utilizing the educational Psychology distributed to all four years, is called as placement.• Criteria for organizing Learning Experience4. Continuity5. Sequence6. Integration
Continuity :- The vertical organization of Learning Experience refers to the relationship existing between different levels of the same subjects. Principles of Nursing in Nursing Principles Application of Nursing Process in Nursing Principles Application of Nursing Process in Speciality Application of Nursing Process in Paediatric Nursing Application of Nursing Process in Psychiatric Nursing
Sequence :-Each successive experience not only is built upon the last one but also goes more deeply and broadly into the subject. It emphasizes on higher levels of understanding. – Simple to Complex – Easy to Tuff – Known to Unknown – Normal to AbnormalEg. Psychology – Psychiatry Sociology - Community
Three levels of Sequence• Logical Order• Chronological Order• DifficultyLogical Order : It is based on concepts or principles of primacy. (Eg.) Trends in Nsg, BiochemistryChronological Order : It places events in successions in terms oftime in which they occur. (Eg.)History of NsgDifficulty :-Lessons are arranged in such a way as simple to complex
Integration :-Integration is each successful experience not only is built upon the last one goes in deep. Wholeness, Harmony & related as very essentialUnified Meaningful Whole (Eg.) Food Administration (Bio Chemistry) Functions of Digestive System ( Anatomy) Principles of Nutrition (Nutrition) Pharma related to GI (Pharmacology) Condition affected (GIT)
Organization of Learning ExperienceClinical Area : Master Rotation Plan Clinical Rotation Plan• Class Room Teaching Block Course Outline Study Day System Unit Plan Daily Class Lesson Plan
Organization : Clinical ExperiencePrinciples :-2. Each block of Learning Experience being used in the rotation should be of the same rotation through ( No.of days)3. Each students must rotate to each block4. No block can be missed by students5. All students should be enter and leave the block at the time scheduled.6. Each block of experience can be further sub divided so that the students can be rotated through the related experience7. A block may consist of 2 or 3 unrelated experience which have been fitted in to make up the length of block to facilitate rotation.
Teaching SystemThree common methods are used in Teaching System.2. Teaching Block – Full Block – Partial Block3. Study Day System4. Daily Classes
Partial Block System :It is a modified Teaching Block in which the students are inTeaching Block in the morning and go to the clinical areas in theafternoon.Teaching Block :-The Teaching Block is the Block Class of total Block System inthe teaching Block. Student was withdrawn from the clinicalareas. During this time they follow a planned programme in theschool and attend the clinical area after once completing theirsubject.
Advantages :• The students are freed from ward responsibilities while having a concentrated period of instruction.• Classes can conveniently be given to the whole group• Curriculum Planning is facilitated and the planning of co- related teaching made easier• Students can have uninterrupted periods of Clinical Experience.• Ward administration is made easier when students do not have to leave the ward daily to attend classes.j) Attention is drawn to the educational status of the students although she does not necessarily spend any less time on the wards.
Study Day System :The study day system is literally a complete day spend by the students in a week.(Eg.) The students those who go for the clinical experience in all days except Monday & Friday. These days are called as study day.(Eg.) The Midwifery students (8th Sem.) will be much benefited in the semester. There are 5 months (5x4 = 20 weeks). They will get 20 study days. (20 x 8 Hrs = 160 Hrs). 160 hours classes can be given throughout the semester to fulfill their theory requirement.
Advantages :-2. The teacher have contact with the student all throughout the semester3. All the students can clarify the doubt when come for study days
Daily Classes :-If neither of the above two system is used the third possibility is holding single classes daily or several times per week. During the first and second years frequents scheduling of classes will be required to cover the Curriculum and problems sometimes wise when a number of students have to be relieved on time from different wards . However when the schedules are planned with a view to service needs and normal ward routine it is possible to arrange times which are reasonably convenient to the ward the school and the student. Daily classes will still be necessary.Now and then during the course even the other systems are operating but will not be needed so frequently.
PATTERNS OF CURRICULUMIn different patterns of curriculum3. Swap block4. Progressive block5. Concept block
Progressive Block POSTINGS Group I M.Ward M.op M.Oncol. M.Mico Medical 1 2 3 4 Group II S.Ward S.OT S.OP S.ICU P.Op Surgical 5 6 7 8 9 Group III P.OP Com.Psy Derm OG Psy- E.ENT Specia. 10 11 13 14 12
Progressive Block :In this pattern of Curriculum students are divided into 3 major groups and they are rotated into different areas of learning experience.(eg.) V semester students : I group will be in Medical Area II group will be in Surgical Area III group will be in Psychiatry & SpecialityI group after finishing their postings will get exchange with II group and then with III group,With in a particular level all the students will expose to all the areas
Swap Block :This pattern of curriculum is most in VI semester students. They are divided into I – Paediatrics II – CommunityIn the Paediatric area they will be further divided into smaller groups to complete Paed.Med, Paed.Sur, NICU,Communicable Ward and so on. In Community Survey,Immunization Camps, Family visits, School health, PHC Visits etc.,They get inter exchange after completing the specific needed hours, in each small blocks.Concept Clock :This pattern of curriculum is used in PG(M.Sc) nursing students. They are being posted in different wards so as to fulfill deepest understanding of the concept rather than specific condition.
Usually useful inposting the postgraduate nursingstudents.