Pre Class  <ul><li>Why could the U.S. not return to isolationist foreign policy after WWII? </li></ul><ul><li>How did Amer...
The Cold War Heats Up! Think about: Which superpower was more successful in achieving its aims as the Cold War “heated up”?
China Goes Communist… <ul><li>Communists vs. Nationalist govt. </li></ul><ul><li>Chiang Kai-Shek  </li></ul><ul><li>(Natio...
 
Civil War!! <ul><li>After WWII – stopped cooperating to beat Japanese </li></ul><ul><li>1949 – Chiang and Nationalists fle...
How did Americans feel about China?? <ul><li>Attacks on Truman!! (did he do enough?) </li></ul><ul><li>State Dept. – “inte...
The Korean War <ul><li>Japan controlled Korea from 1910-1945 </li></ul><ul><li>1945 – troops N. of 38 th  parallel surrend...
The 2 Nations by 1948… <ul><li>South Korea – Rep. of Korea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Syngman Rhee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B...
North Attacks South… <ul><li>… with Soviet approval and backing! </li></ul><ul><li>June 25, 1950  </li></ul><ul><li>SK cal...
<ul><ul><li>The UN’s first war… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SU wasn’t there to VETO the vote! (protesting Taiwan’s presence...
He’s baaaaaaaaack… MacArthur  In charge of US forces in the Pacific and of the occupation of Japan, he was appointed  comm...
BLUE AREA IS THE PORTION OF SOUTH KOREA UNDER US/ROK CONTROL AUG 1950
The US in Korea <ul><li>UN/SK forced to Pusan </li></ul><ul><li>MacA’s Counterattack  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Landing at Ich...
<ul><li>US forces struggled with guerilla tactics from the North and a refugee crisis that clogged roads and UN lines… </l...
                                                                                  
 
SEPT. 29 TH  : SEOUL IS LIBERATED OCT 19 TH :  PYONGYANG CAPTURED OCT 25 TH  : UN TROOPS APPROACHED THE YALU RIVER P.R.C. ...
The Chinese Fight Back! <ul><li>Why?? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted NK as buffer to protect Manchuria </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
CHINESE CROSSED THE YALU RIVER : 350,000 MEN & 15,000 SOVIET MADE TANKS
 
Problems at Home <ul><li>MacArthur v. Truman </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MacA OPENLY criticized Truman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
Settling for a Stalemate <ul><li>Truce talks begin July 1951 </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ceasefire ...
The Cost at Home… <ul><li>34,000 lives </li></ul><ul><li>$67 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Increased fear of communism </li></...
 
Closing… <ul><li>Which superpower was more successful in achieving its aims as the Cold War “heated up”? </li></ul>US and ...
<ul><li>SOUTH : DEMOCRATIC, 2ND STRONGEST ECON IN ASIA </li></ul><ul><li>SOUTH GOALS: RECONCILIATION & UNIFICATION </li></...
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The Cold War Heats Up

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The Cold War Heats Up

  1. 1. Pre Class <ul><li>Why could the U.S. not return to isolationist foreign policy after WWII? </li></ul><ul><li>How did American leaders attempt to “contain” communism in the early years of the Cold War? </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Cold War Heats Up! Think about: Which superpower was more successful in achieving its aims as the Cold War “heated up”?
  3. 3. China Goes Communist… <ul><li>Communists vs. Nationalist govt. </li></ul><ul><li>Chiang Kai-Shek </li></ul><ul><li>(Nationalist Govt.) </li></ul><ul><li>1945-59 – U.S. sent $3 billion in aid </li></ul><ul><li>American people liked Chiang, but not govt. officials! </li></ul><ul><li>Govt. corruption – grain tax during famine; opened fire on city dwellers protesting 10,000% in rice prices! </li></ul><ul><li>Mao Zedong </li></ul><ul><li>(Communist leader) </li></ul><ul><li>Led commies who worked to win peasants </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraged literacy, improved food production </li></ul><ul><li>Recruits flocked to Red Army </li></ul><ul><li>1945 – much of N. China = communist </li></ul>
  4. 5. Civil War!! <ul><li>After WWII – stopped cooperating to beat Japanese </li></ul><ul><li>1949 – Chiang and Nationalists flee to Taiwan (Formosa) </li></ul><ul><li>PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA </li></ul>
  5. 6. How did Americans feel about China?? <ul><li>Attacks on Truman!! (did he do enough?) </li></ul><ul><li>State Dept. – “internal forces;” Chiang couldn’t keep support of people </li></ul><ul><li>FEAR OF COMMUNISM SKYROCKETED! </li></ul>
  6. 7. The Korean War <ul><li>Japan controlled Korea from 1910-1945 </li></ul><ul><li>1945 – troops N. of 38 th parallel surrendered to Soviets; troops in S. to U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Another GERMANY situation! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 nations (1 communist/ 1 democratic) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. The 2 Nations by 1948… <ul><li>South Korea – Rep. of Korea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Syngman Rhee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on Seoul </li></ul></ul><ul><li>North Korea – Democratic People’s Republic of Korea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pyongyang </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1949 – US cut occupying forces back </li></ul>
  8. 9. North Attacks South… <ul><li>… with Soviet approval and backing! </li></ul><ul><li>June 25, 1950 </li></ul><ul><li>SK calls on United Nations </li></ul><ul><li>June 27 – Truman ordered U.S. troops to SK; fleet between China and Taiwan </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><ul><li>The UN’s first war… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SU wasn’t there to VETO the vote! (protesting Taiwan’s presence in UN) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. He’s baaaaaaaaack… MacArthur In charge of US forces in the Pacific and of the occupation of Japan, he was appointed commander of the joint forces in Korea.
  11. 12. BLUE AREA IS THE PORTION OF SOUTH KOREA UNDER US/ROK CONTROL AUG 1950
  12. 13. The US in Korea <ul><li>UN/SK forced to Pusan </li></ul><ul><li>MacA’s Counterattack </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Landing at Ichon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 prong attack on N Koreans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NK troops surrendered, chased back across 38 th parallel </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>US forces struggled with guerilla tactics from the North and a refugee crisis that clogged roads and UN lines… </li></ul>No Gun Ri -up to 400 South Korean civilians gathered by the bridge were killed by US forces from the 7th Cavalry Regiment. Some were shot above the bridge, on the railroad tracks. Others were strafed by US planes. More were killed under the arches in an ordeal that local survivors say lasted for three days. ( BBC – Cold War )
  14. 15.                                                                                   
  15. 17. SEPT. 29 TH : SEOUL IS LIBERATED OCT 19 TH : PYONGYANG CAPTURED OCT 25 TH : UN TROOPS APPROACHED THE YALU RIVER P.R.C. BEGAN TO ISSUE WARNINGS
  16. 18. The Chinese Fight Back! <ul><li>Why?? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted NK as buffer to protect Manchuria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Threatened by US fleet off coast </li></ul></ul><ul><li>300,000 Chinese troops outnumbered SK/UN 10:1 </li></ul><ul><li>2 years of standoff/capture and recapture of Seoul by SK/UN before ceasefire </li></ul>
  17. 19. CHINESE CROSSED THE YALU RIVER : 350,000 MEN & 15,000 SOVIET MADE TANKS
  18. 21. Problems at Home <ul><li>MacArthur v. Truman </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MacA OPENLY criticized Truman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pushed for war with China (use ATOMIC WEAPONS!) – WWIII??? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>April 11, 1951 – Truman fires MacArthur </li></ul><ul><li>American people OUTRAGED! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>69% supp. MacA </li></ul></ul>&quot;old soldiers never die; they just fade away.&quot; General Douglas MacArthur: Farewell Address to Congress delivered April 19, 1951  
  19. 22. Settling for a Stalemate <ul><li>Truce talks begin July 1951 </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ceasefire @ 38 th parallel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demilitarized zone (DMZ) between two sides </li></ul></ul><ul><li>STALEMATE: Communism contained but Korea is still 2 nations! </li></ul>
  20. 23. The Cost at Home… <ul><li>34,000 lives </li></ul><ul><li>$67 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Increased fear of communism </li></ul><ul><li>Rejection of Dems in 1952 election </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Election of Dwight D. Eisenhower (R) </li></ul></ul>
  21. 25. Closing… <ul><li>Which superpower was more successful in achieving its aims as the Cold War “heated up”? </li></ul>US and N. Korea Today – A remnant of the Cold War
  22. 26. <ul><li>SOUTH : DEMOCRATIC, 2ND STRONGEST ECON IN ASIA </li></ul><ul><li>SOUTH GOALS: RECONCILIATION & UNIFICATION </li></ul><ul><li>USA : 6 PARTY TALKS w/ NORTH </li></ul><ul><li>DEMANDS NORTH STOP NUKE PROGRAM </li></ul><ul><li>33,000 TROOPS ON DMZ </li></ul>

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