ObjectivesUnderstand how Cold War tensionsfinally erupted in a shooting war in1950. The United States confronted adifficul...
The Korean WarCaught between ideologies
Tensions1949, China goes communist withthe rise of Mao ZedongJapan had ruled Korea from 1910-1945, but had been driven out...
North and South Korea
Divided Korea   North Korea was led by communist   leader Kim Il Sung   South Korea was led by Syngman Rhee   and called i...
U.S. InvolvementSouth Korea was unstable economicallyThe United States feared that SouthKorea would fall to communismU.S. ...
Fighting BeginsNorth Korea invaded South Korea onJune 25, 1950.The UN became involved and asked foran immediate cease fire...
Support for South      KoreaJune 27th-The U.N. Security Councillabeled North Korea as an aggressorand offered support to S...
By      Split Power   September the North Koreanshad pushed the U.S. and SouthKorean forces into a retreatSeptember 15, 19...
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/maps/koreatxt.html
China’s InvolvementChina aided North Korea in lateNovember.Due to China’s involvement, GeneralMacArthur called for a major...
Conflict Regarding     the PlanSupporters of MacArthur’s plan said itwould overthrow the Communist regimein ChinaOpponents...
Truman’s ResponsePresident Truman opposed MacArthur’splanTruman removed MacArthur from hisposition in April 1951The war ha...
Election of 1952             Republican             candidate Dwight             D. Eisenhower             Democrat candid...
The War EndsEisenhower stayed true to hisword to end the warBombing raids increased by theU.S. in North Korea in May of195...
Final Outcomehttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/maps/koreatxt.html
ResourcesHolt, Rinehart and Winston.    AmericanGovernment. 2003.PBS.   American Experience. www.pbs.orgWhitehouse.gov.   ...
ObjectivesAnalyze how the concern of communismled the United States to becomeincreasingly involved in Vietnam
The Vietnam War1954-1975America’sinvolvement1965-1973
CausesDomino TheoryHarsh French ruleVietnam DeclaresIndependenceRefusal to hold freeelectionsHo Chi Minh was acommunist
Ho Chi Minh“He who enlightens”“He who enlightens”Real Name: NguyenThat ThanhEmbraced Wilson’s 14Points and wasdisappointed...
Vietnam Declares   IndependenceVietminh - communistgroup committed toindependenceJapan surrendered tothe Allies in 1945Ho ...
The US supports        FranceFrance looks toreclaim its colonyTruman (US) supportsthe French to stopcommunist expansionDom...
Dien Bien Phu40,000 Vietnamesesurround 15,000French soldiersFrance surrenders1954Vietnam gainedfighting experience300,000 ...
Geneva ConferenceFrance had to leaveVietminh wouldcontrol the north17th parallel abuffer zone
South VietnamNgo Dinh Diemanti-communistcorrupt: elections,jobs, imprisonedpolitical opponents1955 “election”blocked 1956e...
National Liberation  Front (Vietcong)not necessarilycommunist, butwanted to overthrowDiem’s regimepopular in thecountrysid...
U.S. Involvement and     Diem’s end 1956 supplies given “advisers” sent in early 1960s - 16,000 by 1963 Diem arrested and ...
Tonkin Gulf            ResolutionVietcong controlled about40% of South Vietnam4 August 1964, PresidentLBJ appears on TV an...
Senator Wayne Morse“I believe thathistory will recordwe have made a greatmistake. We are ineffect giving thePresident war-...
Operation Rolling     ThunderBombed anything useful inNorth Vietnam in 1965agent orange, napalm,cluster bombs, carpetbombi...
American StrategyGen. William WestmorelandTroop count: 1965(185,000) and then 1967(486,000)search-and-destroymissionsair s...
Tet OffensiveKhe Sanh siege was adiversion (1967)Main offensive Jan.1968 - 12 U.S. militarybases and 100 citiesattacked du...
Dissatisfaction1968 - My Lai Massacre, William Calley - 450women, children, and elders killed (murder)1968, college protes...
1972 ElectionNixon stressed law and order and a quick endto the war and wonPeace talks too slow so Christmas bombingswere ...
Outcomes30 Apr. 1975 South Vietnam surrenders to thenorth and the country is united undercommunism (remains to this day)58...
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Korean and Vietnam War Presentation

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Outlines the need-to-knows of these significant conflicts. I do not own the rights to the pictures but I researched and wrote the text as well as assembling it for a lecture in my Cold War class.

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Korean and Vietnam War Presentation

  1. 1. ObjectivesUnderstand how Cold War tensionsfinally erupted in a shooting war in1950. The United States confronted adifficult challenge defending freedomhalfway around the world.
  2. 2. The Korean WarCaught between ideologies
  3. 3. Tensions1949, China goes communist withthe rise of Mao ZedongJapan had ruled Korea from 1910-1945, but had been driven out bythe United States and the SovietUnion.1945-the Allies had divided Koreainto two zones, the Sovietsoccupied the northern zone andU.S. troops occupied the southernzone.
  4. 4. North and South Korea
  5. 5. Divided Korea North Korea was led by communist leader Kim Il Sung South Korea was led by Syngman Rhee and called itself the Republic of Korea Syngman RheeKim Il Sung
  6. 6. U.S. InvolvementSouth Korea was unstable economicallyThe United States feared that SouthKorea would fall to communismU.S. government helped to build up theSouth Korean militaryBoth the U.S. and the Soviets removedtheir troops from Korea in 1949.
  7. 7. Fighting BeginsNorth Korea invaded South Korea onJune 25, 1950.The UN became involved and asked foran immediate cease fireThe Soviets were boycotting the U.N.due to the denial of admittance ofChina to the world governing body
  8. 8. Support for South KoreaJune 27th-The U.N. Security Councillabeled North Korea as an aggressorand offered support to South KoreaThe U.S. sponsored this resolutionU.S. forces entered South Korea underthe direction General MacArthur15 other countries gave military andmonetary support, however no othercountry gave the same support that theUnited States did.
  9. 9. By Split Power September the North Koreanshad pushed the U.S. and SouthKorean forces into a retreatSeptember 15, 1950, GeneralMacArthur led a counterattack andrecaptured Seoul, which is SouthKorea’s capitalThe UN and U.S. forces were hitwith a counterattack from theNorth Koreans and eventually hadto settle with a defensive lineat the 38th parallel
  10. 10. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/maps/koreatxt.html
  11. 11. China’s InvolvementChina aided North Korea in lateNovember.Due to China’s involvement, GeneralMacArthur called for a major expansionof the war. His proposal included: Blockading China’s coast Invading the interior of China Nuclear weapons proposed
  12. 12. Conflict Regarding the PlanSupporters of MacArthur’s plan said itwould overthrow the Communist regimein ChinaOpponents argued that blockading Chinacould entice the Soviets to becomeinvolved
  13. 13. Truman’s ResponsePresident Truman opposed MacArthur’splanTruman removed MacArthur from hisposition in April 1951The war had reached a stalemate by thesummer of 1951.The war became a hot button issue inelection of 1952
  14. 14. Election of 1952 Republican candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower Democrat candidate Adlai Stevenson Eisenhower promised to end the Korean war yet still resist the President spread ofEisenhower Communism Eisenhower won the electoral college
  15. 15. The War EndsEisenhower stayed true to hisword to end the warBombing raids increased by theU.S. in North Korea in May of1953July 27th, 1953 an armistice wasagreed upon.The outcome of the war was thesame dividing line that waspresent before the start of thewar, approximately around the 38th
  16. 16. Final Outcomehttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/maps/koreatxt.html
  17. 17. ResourcesHolt, Rinehart and Winston. AmericanGovernment. 2003.PBS. American Experience. www.pbs.orgWhitehouse.gov. www.whitehouse.govwww.wikipedia.com
  18. 18. ObjectivesAnalyze how the concern of communismled the United States to becomeincreasingly involved in Vietnam
  19. 19. The Vietnam War1954-1975America’sinvolvement1965-1973
  20. 20. CausesDomino TheoryHarsh French ruleVietnam DeclaresIndependenceRefusal to hold freeelectionsHo Chi Minh was acommunist
  21. 21. Ho Chi Minh“He who enlightens”“He who enlightens”Real Name: NguyenThat ThanhEmbraced Wilson’s 14Points and wasdisappointedBelieved a communistrevolution inVietnam would gainthem freedom fromforeigners
  22. 22. Vietnam Declares IndependenceVietminh - communistgroup committed toindependenceJapan surrendered tothe Allies in 1945Ho Chi Minh quotedfrom the Declarationof Independence atthe capital city ofHanoi
  23. 23. The US supports FranceFrance looks toreclaim its colonyTruman (US) supportsthe French to stopcommunist expansionDomino theoryDespite US aid,France was defeated
  24. 24. Dien Bien Phu40,000 Vietnamesesurround 15,000French soldiersFrance surrenders1954Vietnam gainedfighting experience300,000 dead so far
  25. 25. Geneva ConferenceFrance had to leaveVietminh wouldcontrol the north17th parallel abuffer zone
  26. 26. South VietnamNgo Dinh Diemanti-communistcorrupt: elections,jobs, imprisonedpolitical opponents1955 “election”blocked 1956electionOpen revolt by 1959
  27. 27. National Liberation Front (Vietcong)not necessarilycommunist, butwanted to overthrowDiem’s regimepopular in thecountrysideothers joinedbecause they alsofeared the VCassassinations andpresence of NorthVietnamese Army
  28. 28. U.S. Involvement and Diem’s end 1956 supplies given “advisers” sent in early 1960s - 16,000 by 1963 Diem arrested and killed Buddhist protesters 1963, South Vietnamese plotters kill Diem
  29. 29. Tonkin Gulf ResolutionVietcong controlled about40% of South Vietnam4 August 1964, PresidentLBJ appears on TV and saysdestroyer USS MaddoxClaimed it was “unprovoked”spy mission and fired first“all necessary measures torepel any armed attackagainst forces of theUnited States”
  30. 30. Senator Wayne Morse“I believe thathistory will recordwe have made a greatmistake. We are ineffect giving thePresident war-makingpowers in theabsence of adeclaration of war.”
  31. 31. Operation Rolling ThunderBombed anything useful inNorth Vietnam in 1965agent orange, napalm,cluster bombs, carpetbombingVietcong suppliesactually increased - didwithout roads/bridges,underground networkMore Vietcong emerged
  32. 32. American StrategyGen. William WestmorelandTroop count: 1965(185,000) and then 1967(486,000)search-and-destroymissionsair strikespacification
  33. 33. Tet OffensiveKhe Sanh siege was adiversion (1967)Main offensive Jan.1968 - 12 U.S. militarybases and 100 citiesattacked during theholiday (Chinese NewYear)retaken within a monthwith 45,000 VC killedlabeled a communistdefeat by Westmoreland
  34. 34. Dissatisfaction1968 - My Lai Massacre, William Calley - 450women, children, and elders killed (murder)1968, college protests nationwide1969, more than half of Americans opposed thewar1970 Kent State University shootings1971, Vietnam War Veterans protestedPentagon Papers leaked secrets about U.S.involvement and its lies to the Americanpeople
  35. 35. 1972 ElectionNixon stressed law and order and a quick endto the war and wonPeace talks too slow so Christmas bombingswere ordered on Hanoi and HaiphongJan 1973 peace talks said America would getout of Vietnam and help rebuild itAll POWs would be released
  36. 36. Outcomes30 Apr. 1975 South Vietnam surrenders to thenorth and the country is united undercommunism (remains to this day)58,000 Americans deadreturning soldiers not welcomed homepost-traumatic stress disorderled to mistrust in our government$150 billion spentWar Powers Act 1973

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