Jorge Goitia and Zaynab Yahya GorkiTHE KOREAN WAR!
Context What is the Korean war? Causes? How it started? Lasting effects Timeline Map Atomic BombHOW SUCCESSFUL WAS THE USA IN THE KOREAN WAR? A divided land! Invasion ! The US counter-attack! The risk of Chinese intervention! The Chinese intervene! The fall of MacArthur! The stalemate!
What is the Korean war? The Korean war is when North Korea invaded South Korea. The U.S aided South Korea. China and the Soviet Union helped North Korea. Another name for the war is the South Korea is 6.25 war. In North Korea another name would be Fatherland Liberation War.
Causes!! There were two different political governments in Korea. The North held their own elections. The elections and the dividing of Korea.
How is started? The war start June 25, 1950- July 27, 1953 North Korean leader, Kim II Sung, wanted to unite Korea by force. The U.S and the Soviet Union differences prevented the North and South to negotiate a unification treaty.
What was the overview? The Truman Doctrine stated that the USA would help people fight against Communism. In 1950 the USA showed that this was more than words: US troops went war to stop the spread of Communism in Korea.
The Divided Land The Japanese controlled Korea between 1904 to 1945. Russian forces were in the north of Korea and American troops had landed in the south. Korea become divided in two at the 38th parallel. In 1948 the Korean Government were separate NORTH and SOUTH.
WHO ARE THOSEPEOPLE INVOLVE INTHE KOREAN WAR? LET FIND OUT!!!
Kim II Sung• Leader of the North (Communist).• Wanted to unite Korea by force.• Insisted on the war• Though that a peaceful reunification was impossible.• Sent his Military across the 38th parallel on June 25,1950.• Attacked with many WWII Russian tanks.• Forced were stalled around Taegu and Pusan. The stalling in known as Pusan perimeter.
President Syngman Rhee• Lead South Korea.• Wanted to unite Korea.• Forces were no match to the North.• He was a corrupt leader• Anti-Communism• Become very unpopular.• He was voted in favor of unification with the communist state of the North.
General DouglasMacArthur• Commander of the U.S forces in the Pacific.• Wanted to cross the 38th parallel.• Was fired by president Truman for insubordination because he wanted to bomb bases in China.
Stalin • Tried to prevent war and then later agreed and started preparing the soldiers for war. • Gave the Chinese some air cover for crossing the bridge over the Yalu River. • Died in March 1953.
President Truman• Ordered American air and naval units into action by June 27, 1950.• Responded to the invasion by giving support to the French in Vietnam.• Agreed to the UN forces moving into North Korea, but though doing this would bring Soviet Union of China into war.• Was criticized for making a lot of mistakes such as sending troops to Korea without the approval of congress.• Fired General Douglas MacArthur for insubordinate.
Invasion On 25th June 1950 North Korea invaded the South in a bid to troops Re-unite Korea by force. The invasion come at a time when many Americans were extremely worried about the challenge of communism. Truman ordered US forces in japan, led by General Mac Arthur. To help South Korea. Soldiers from number of countries fought in the Korea. Including Britain, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. The bulk of the UN forces were provided by the USA.
The US counter-attack successful. Within four dayso The North Korea attack was very the southern capital of Seoul had been captured.o MacArthur sent Americans forces to Pusan and prepared for a counter-attack.o MacArthur organized a successful amphibious attack on the town of Inchon.o The counter-attack went extremely well and by 1 October the US troops had reached the 38th parallel, the original border between North and South Korea.
The risk of Chinese intervention! in the world. Communist China was a new force In early October the Chinese issued a statement that said” China will not sit back with folded hands and let the Americans come to the border.” The Americans ignored the warning and continued to march North. 10 October the Chinese government said that Chinese troops would attack the Americans if MacArthur continued. MacArthur ignored this treat.
The Chinese intervene went into action and At the end of October Chinese troops attacked South Korean and American troops. Truman and MacArthur were not out off by the Chinese. MacArthur planned a further push towards the Chinese border. But the planned was a mistake. Chinese took control of almost all North Korea. Communist forces arise again. The Chinese offensive continued into the New year 1 January they crossed the 38th parallel and on the 4th January they took the Southern Capital Seoul.
MacArthur’s Advice: Dec 1950 The US should consider all methods to defeat the Chinese; this could include the use of atomic bombs against China. The war should be extended to the Chinese mainland in order to cut off supplies to the communist forces in Korea. The ultimate aim of the war should be not only the re-captured of North Korea, but also the defeat of Communism in China
The fall of MacArthur In February 1951 the American launched a further attack on the Communist troops. The communist forces had been pushed back to the original border, 38th parallel. MacArthur disagreed with Truman. Truman abandoned the idea of conquering all of Korean and was making peace with the Chinese. 25 march, MacArthur made a public statement criticizing the idea of a deal with the Chinese. Truman was vexed when he heard that MacArthur wanted to cross the border again in order to re-conquer North Korea. April MacArthur was dismissed. This caused a sensation in the USA.
Primary Sources• A letter about General MacArthur being fired.• It describes why he was being fired
The stalemate By the early summer 1951 the two sides in the Korean war had reached a stalemate.( A position counting as a draw, in which a player is not in check but cannot move except into check.) The Chinese lunched a huge push south in April and May it was not successful. The loss of life in two months over 200,000 men were killed. Peace talk began in July 1951 but there was no agreed cease-fire. The situation become similar to the western Front in the first world war. With both sides dug in to strong defensive positions. 1951-1952 situation still going on,45,000 Americans troops were killed or wounded. New President come to power an agreement eventually was signed on 27 July 1953 LKE EISENHOWER.
Ike Eisenhower• New President come to power an agreement eventually was signed on 27 July 1953 LKE EISENHOWER.
Lasting effects Approximately 10 million people were killed during the war. North Korea lose. The population went up in both North and South Korea. South Korea has become one of the world’s economic success stories.
Timeline 1947 Two different political governments emerged in Korea Soviet leaders believed Korea would unify together and refused to sign a treaty with Kim II Sung 1948 South Korea held its first general election The Republic of Korea was established and was known as the government of Korea Communist countries recognized the DPKR as the government of North Korea Korea becomes permanently divided along the 38th parallel 1949 Stalin tries to prevent war and then later start preparing soldiers for war 1950 War starts Communists forces captured Seoul, South Korea’s capital President Truman ordered America air and naval units into action. Soviet Union joins the war against Kim’s invasion.
Timeline Con….. B-26 Bomber aircraft struck against North’s airfield China massed four armies and three artillery divisions on the Yalu River Russians shot down 23 U.S. aircraft. The Battle of Chongchon 1951 Front lines stabilized near where war started Chinese enters war and attack Americans Americans landed more troops and drove the Chinese back 1953 Dwight Eisenhower becomes American president Americans threatened to use Atomic bomb if China didn’t stop fighting An armistice was signed on July 27 (South Korea did not sign the armistice) War ended with the help of the new President, Eisenhower.
A picture of an atomic bomb like the one the Americans threatened to use if ChinaThe Atomic Bomb didn’t stop fighting.
Bibliography relations since 1919- Tony Twentieth centaury history international McAleavy. "Learn Korean Language." Facts About the Korean War. 24 Apr. 2008 <http://www.learnkoreanlanguage.com/facts-about-the-korean- war.html>. "Korean War." Naval Historical Center. 1 May 2008 <http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/events/kowar/kowar.htm> . "KoreanWar.Com." Welcome to KoreanWar.Com. 1 May 2008 <http://www.koreanwar.com/>. Bajanov, Dr. Evgueni. "The Origins of the Korean War." Alternative Insight. June 2000. 6 May 2008 <http://www.alternativeinsight.com/Korean_War.html>. Smitha, Frank E. "The Korean War." Macrohistory and World Report. 2001. 6 May 2008 http://www.fsmitha.com/h2/ch24kor.html>.