World History II – Spring 2013
 Korea had been ruled by Japan
since 1910
 Japan surrenders to Allies in
September 1945
 Allies decide to divide Korea
...
 Syngman Rhee
 Korean nationalist who had been
exiled by the Japanese
 Wants to unify Korea
 Does not want to trade Ja...
 Kim Il-Sung
 Communist guerilla leader who
had been exiled by the Japanese
 Served in the Soviet Red Army
during WWII
...
 North and South engage in reunification negotiations
 Talks are off and on for two years
 Neither side will change pol...
 June 25, 1950 North Korean troops launch a surprise
attack on South Korea
 United Nations Security Council votes to sup...
 MacArthur’s troops
push North Koreans
past 38th parallel and
engage in an offensive
to “liberate” North
Korea from the
C...
 Mao Zedong warns that crossing into China will mean
full-scale war
 Truman knows this might risk war with Soviets, who
...
 Combined North Korean and Chinese forces push U.N.
troops back into South Korea in January 1951
 For six months, territ...
 First armed conflict of the Cold War
 “Proxy War”- when opposing powers use third parties as
substitutes for fighting e...
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Korean War

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  • Korean independence was discussed at Cairo. At Yalta, division was discussed and finalized at Potsdam. Moscow Dec 1945 set up 5-year trusteeship.
  • Mao had been conducting aerial raids but not officially involved in the war. Begged by Kim to intervene. Asked via telegram by Stalin, though S made it clear no Soviet troops would be sent (not true). Mao sees a chance to prove himself to Stalin.
  • Korean War

    1. 1. World History II – Spring 2013
    2. 2.  Korea had been ruled by Japan since 1910  Japan surrenders to Allies in September 1945  Allies decide to divide Korea along 38th parallel  Soviet troops will occupy the north  U.S. troops will occupy the south  Koreans are excluded from these conferences  Division and occupation were intended to be temporary
    3. 3.  Syngman Rhee  Korean nationalist who had been exiled by the Japanese  Wants to unify Korea  Does not want to trade Japanese imperialism for American/Soviet  1948 becomes first President of South Korea  Establishes authoritarian regime  Supported by U.S. because he is anti-communist
    4. 4.  Kim Il-Sung  Communist guerilla leader who had been exiled by the Japanese  Served in the Soviet Red Army during WWII  Stalin placed him in charge of newly formed North Korea  Wanted to unify Korea under communist rule
    5. 5.  North and South engage in reunification negotiations  Talks are off and on for two years  Neither side will change political ideology  Border skirmishes are common  Nearly 10,000 North and South Korean soldiers are killed in battle before the war even starts
    6. 6.  June 25, 1950 North Korean troops launch a surprise attack on South Korea  United Nations Security Council votes to support South Koreans  Soviets boycott the meeting  Truman sees this as an opportunity for containment  15 UN Member Nations send troops  88% of troops are from U.S.  Combined forces led by General MacArthur
    7. 7.  MacArthur’s troops push North Koreans past 38th parallel and engage in an offensive to “liberate” North Korea from the Communists  U.N. troops reach the Yalo River, North Korea’s border with China
    8. 8.  Mao Zedong warns that crossing into China will mean full-scale war  Truman knows this might risk war with Soviets, who now have a nuclear bomb  MacArthur wants to engage China and is fired for insubordination Chinese forces cross the Yalo River into Korea on October 16, 1950
    9. 9.  Combined North Korean and Chinese forces push U.N. troops back into South Korea in January 1951  For six months, territory is traded back and forth within 100 miles of the 38th parallel  In July 1951, armistice negotiations begin but no agreement is reached until July 1953  Boundary at 38th parallel is reestablished and a two- mile-wide Demilitarized Zone is created
    10. 10.  First armed conflict of the Cold War  “Proxy War”- when opposing powers use third parties as substitutes for fighting each other  First time US engaged with an enemy in possession of a nuclear bomb  First containment of communism outside of Europe  First racially integrated US troops  Test of the United Nations as an international peace- keeping body

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