Korean War


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Korean War

  1. 1. Korean War By: Kierra Ivy June 25, 1950-July 27, 1953
  2. 2. What Is The Korean War? <ul><li>The Korean War is when North Korea invaded South Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>This happened south of the 38 th parallel. </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. aided South Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>China and the Soviet Union helped North Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>Another name for the war in South Korea is 6.25 war. </li></ul><ul><li>In North Korea another name would be Fatherland Liberation War. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Causes <ul><li>There were two different political governments in Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>During the elections for The Republic of Korea there were protests who feared that the elections would kill the chances for unification. </li></ul><ul><li>The North held their own elections. </li></ul><ul><li>The elections and the dividing of Korea. </li></ul>
  4. 4. How It Started <ul><li>North Korean leader, Kim II Sung, wanted to unite Korea by force. </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. and the Soviet Union differences prevented the North and South to negotiate a unification treaty. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Kim II Sung <ul><li>Leader of North Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to unite Korea by force. </li></ul><ul><li>Insisted on the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Thought that a peaceful reunification was impossible. </li></ul><ul><li>Sent his military across the 38 th parallel on June 25, 1950. </li></ul><ul><li>Attacked with many WWII Russian tanks. </li></ul><ul><li>Forces were stalled around Taegu and Pusan. The stalling is known as Pusan Perimeter. </li></ul>A Russian tank.
  6. 6. Stalin <ul><li>Tried to prevent war and then later agreed and started preparing the soldiers for war. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave the Chinese some air cover for crossing the bridge over the Yalu River. </li></ul><ul><li>Died in March 1953. </li></ul>
  7. 7. President Syngman Rhee <ul><li>Lead South Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to unite Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>Forces were no match to the North. </li></ul>
  8. 8. President Truman <ul><li>Ordered America air and naval units into action by June 27, 1950. </li></ul><ul><li>Responded to the invasion by giving support to the French in Vietnam. </li></ul><ul><li>Agreed to the UN forces moving into North Korea, but thought doing this would bring Soviet Union or China into the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Stated that “the U.S. would take whatever steps are necessary to meet the military situation, weapons included.” </li></ul><ul><li>Was criticized for making a lot of mistakes such as sending troops to Korea without the approval of Congress. </li></ul><ul><li>Fired General Douglas MacArthur for insubordination. </li></ul>
  9. 9. General Douglas MacArthur <ul><li>Commander of the U.S. forces in the Pacific. </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to cross the 38 th parallel. </li></ul><ul><li>Was fired by President Truman for insubordination because he wanted to bomb bases in China. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Lasting Effects <ul><li>Approximately 10 million people were killed during the war. </li></ul><ul><li>North Korea lose. </li></ul><ul><li>The population went up in both North and South Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>South Korea has become one of the world’s economic success stories. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Primary Source <ul><li>A letter about General MacArthur being fired. </li></ul><ul><li>It describes why he was being fired. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Map
  13. 13. Timeline <ul><li>1947 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two different political governments emerged in Korea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soviet leaders believed Korea would unify together and refused to sign a treaty with Kim II Sung </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1948 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>South Korea held its first general election </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Republic of Korea was established and was known as the government of Korea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communist countries recognized the DPKR as the government of North Korea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Korea becomes permanently divided along the 38 th parallel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1949 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stalin tries to prevent war and then later start preparing soldiers for war </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1950 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>War starts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communists forces captured Seoul, South Korea’s capital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>President Truman ordered America air and naval units into action. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soviet Union joins the war against Kim’s invasion. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Timeline Continued <ul><ul><li>B-26 Bomber aircraft struck against North’s airfield </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>China massed four armies and three artillery divisions on the Yalu River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russians shot down 23 U.S. aircraft. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Battle of Chongchon </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1951 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Front lines stabilized near where war started </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese enters war and attack Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans landed more troops and drove the Chinese back </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1953 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dwight Eisenhower becomes American president </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans threatened to use Atomic bomb if China didn’t stop fighting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An armistice was signed on July 27 (South Korea did not sign the armistice) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War ended with the help of the new President, Eisenhower. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. The Atomic Bomb A picture of an atomic bomb like the one the Americans threatened to use if China didn’t stop fighting.
  16. 16. Bibliography <ul><li>&quot;Learn Korean Language.&quot; Facts About the Korean War . 24 Apr. 2008 <http://www.learnkoreanlanguage.com/facts-about-the-korean-war.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Korean War.&quot; Naval Historical Center . 1 May 2008 <http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/events/kowar/kowar.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;KoreanWar.Com.&quot; Welcome to KoreanWar.Com . 1 May 2008 <http://www.koreanwar.com/>. </li></ul><ul><li>Bajanov, Dr. Evgueni. &quot;The Origins of the Korean War.&quot; Alternative Insight . June 2000. 6 May 2008 <http://www.alternativeinsight.com/Korean_War.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Smitha, Frank E. &quot;The Korean War.&quot; Macrohistory and World Report . 2001. 6 May 2008 http://www.fsmitha.com/h2/ch24kor.html>. </li></ul>