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  • 1. DEBATE - Origins
  • 2. ORDER OF DEBATEThere are three debaters per side. Everyone gives one speech. This is the order of thespeeches:First proposition constructive – 5 minutesThis speaker makes a case for the motion for debate, providing a proof of the topicwith three or four major points.First opposition constructive – 5 minutesThis speaker makes several arguments against the proposition team’s case andrefutes the proposition’s major points.Second proposition constructive – 5 minutesThis speaker should rebuild and extend upon the proposition’s case. This means thatthis speaker must extend and amplify the original proposition points and refute theopposition’s major arguments against the case.
  • 3. ORDER OF DEBATESecond opposition constructive – 5 minutesThis speaker amplifies the opposition arguments against the case, providing newinformation about why the opposition team should win the debate. This speaker shouldanswer the proposition’s answers to the opposition team’s original arguments.Opposition rebuttal – 3 minutesThis speaker must put the debate together and explain why, given all of the argumentsin the debate, the opposition team should still win the debate. Should finalizerefutation of the proposition’s major points.Proposition rebuttal – 3 minutesThis speaker should summarize the issues in the debate and explain why, even with theopposition’s arguments, the proposition teams should win the debate. Should refutethe opposition’s major points.
  • 4. MAKING BETTER ARGUMENTSThe three essential parts of an argument can easily be remembered by using theabbreviation ARE.A stands for Assertion. This is a claim about the world, or a simple statement.R stands for Reasoning. Adding reasoning is essential to making arguments. Thereasoning part of an argument is the “because” part of the argument.E stands for Evidence. Evidence provides proof of your reasoning. The most commontype of evidence is an example.
  • 12. POINTS OF INFORMATIONPoints of information may be a statement or a question.They can only be attempted during the middle three minutes of each constructivespeech.They may not be more than 15 seconds long.The speaker must recognize you to make your point. If the speaker does not recognizeyou, you must sit down.When you draw the judge and the opposing team’s attention to your arguments, evenwhen your team does not have the floor, the judge views you as an active and assertiveparticipant in the debate.
  • 13. POINTS OF INFORMATIONIt is seen as bad etiquette if your team constantly jumps up for POIs immediately afterthe speaker denies your point. It is a good rule to either wait 15 seconds after a speakerdenies a point or wait until the speaker concludes his or her thought before you tryagain.Make your statement (whether it be an argument, example, or evidence) clear andconcise.Answering POIs is a skill that every debater must learn. If the POI is an engagingargument or an attempt to rebut your arguments, you should attack these witharguments. Refer to other areas of your speech, state evidence that makes the POI amoot point, or create new arguments that respond to the POI.
  • 14. POINTS OF INFORMATION HOW TO ANSWER ETIQUETTE • Be bold and concise.• Be respectful to the speaker • Use POIs to your advantage: to advance more• Rise calmly and quietly arguments and take away arguments from the• Wait patiently for a response other side.from the speaker • Do not let the POI distract you or get you off topic.• Make sure your POI does not • If a POI is not clear or does not matter in theexceed 15 seconds debate, say that. PLANNING STRATEGY • Anticipate opposing arguments • Make your POIs witty and insightful • A POI can be a new argument, an insightful reference to an old argument, or evidence that makes the speaker’s points invalid
  • 15. NOTE TAKINGStudents and judges must take notes during debates.You will do so using a flow sheet. It tracks ideas and their development over time. Theflow sheet to visually represent the debate and organize their speeches. HELP FOR USING YOUR FLOW SHEET1. Write down as much as possible as the speaker talks.2. Use abbreviations so you don’t get too behind.3. Connect arguments with each other using lines, arrows, and circles.4. Take notes on all speeches so you can help your partners and make effective pointsof information.