Speech RP#2


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  • Speech RP#2

    1. 1. Types of Speech According to Delivery
    2. 2.  Impromptu Speaking - A speech intended to be done without any preparation at all. - Also known as on the spot speaking. Examples: Recitation, Question and Answer Portion on a Pageant, Debate, when being interviewed  Extemporaneous Speech - A type of speech delivery which involves preparation of speaker notes prior to delivery, associated with conversational style of delivery. Examples: Lecturing, Hosting  Memorized Speech - A speech that the speaker has mastered in his mind and heart. The speaker is normally in total control of the wording because he/she had planned before hand. Examples: Valedictory Speech, Speech Choir, Toast Speech, Roast Speech
    3. 3.  Manuscript - A speech written out word by word and then read out to an audience. Examples: SONA, Parliamentary speech Sources: http://www.ask.com/question/definition-of-extemporaneousspeech http://www.studymode.com/subjects/example-of-manuscript-speechpage1.html http://www.ask.com/question/what-is-a-memorized-speech
    4. 4. Types of Speech According to Purpose
    5. 5. o Informative Speech - Written to present fascinating and useful information to increase the knowledge of your audience. Seven Characteristics of Informative Speech  Must convey information or promote understanding about objects, people, events, processes, complex ideas/concepts or issues to the audience.  Instruct or educate the listeners  Must be accurate  Clear  Meaningful  Memorable  Relevant o Persuasive Speech - A presentation that aims to change others by prompting them to think, feel, or act differently. AIM = CHANGE PEOPLE YOU SPEAK WITH
    6. 6. Six Characteristics of Persuasive Speech  Know your cause.  Get audience attention.  Make your talk clear.  Tell how the speech will interest them.  Present logical material.  Use quotations. o Ceremonial Speech - A speech of blame or praise, thanksgiving or celebration and mourning or condemnation. It usually requires one to give a fitting tribute. Five Characteristics of Ceremonial Speech  Must be short and eloquent  Should adapt to the occasion and the person, place, event you are celebrating.  Focus more on conveying your emotions, respect, and sincerity than providing a great deal of information about the honouree.  Unify your audience around emotions and sentiments you commonly share for the commemorated.  Do not understate or exaggerate your emotions or praise for the honouree.
    7. 7. o Entertainment Speech - A speech that is given at a wide range of different ceremonies and situations that are funny, amusing, and tell a story of some kind that will entertain the audience that it is intended for. Four Characteristics  Brief  Simple  Creative  Should reflect the audience o Inspirational Speech - A speech written to persuade, or convince the listeners, that they can succeed or to achieve their goals. Three Characteristics of Inspirational Speech  Convincing  Must be optimistic  Positive
    8. 8. Sources: http://ramiahbu.net/attachments/article/75/UNIT%204.pdf http://www.ask.com/question/what-is-a-ceremonial-speech http://spot.pcc.edu/~dwerkman/lecture3.html http://www.hawaii.edu/mauispeech/html/commemorative_speech.html http://www.chacha.com/question/what-are-ten-major-characteristics-ofa-persuasive-speech http://thenationonlineng.net/new/entertaining-speech/ http://www.famous-speeches-and-speech-topics.info/speechtopics/inspirational-speech.htm
    9. 9. Types of Informative Speech
    10. 10.  Spatial Design - A pattern for an informative speech that orders the main points as they occur in physical space.  Categorical Design - The use of natural or traditional divisions within a subject as a way of structuring an informative speech.  Causation Design - A pattern for an informative speech that shows how one condition generates, or is generated by, another.  Comparative Design -A pattern for an informative speech that relates an unfamiliar subject to something the audience already knows or understands. Source: http://www.speaking-tips.com/Glossary.aspx
    11. 11. Types of Persuasive Speech
    12. 12. • Speech to Convince - Designed to cause the audience to internalize and believe a viewpoint that they did not previously hold. • Speech to Stimulate - Designed to get an audience to believe more enthusiastically in a view. • Speech to Actuate - Designed to cause the audience to do something, to take some action. Sources: https://www.boundless.com/communications/persuasivespeaking/introduction-to-persuasive-speaking/goals-of-a-persuasive-speechconvincing-actuation-and-or-stimulation/
    13. 13. Types of Persuasion
    14. 14. Ethos Pathos • Power of Emotion • What your audience know about you and what they learn about your position may influence your ability to persuade them. • Three Dimensions: Competence, Trust worthiness and Dynamism • Power of logical Appeals and Arguments • Consideration of the emotions of the people in the audience Logos • Power of Narratives • Rational, factual basis that supports the speaker’s position • Anatomy of an argument: Claim, Data, Warra nt Source: http://kendallhunt.com/uploadedFiles/Kendall_Hunt/Content/Higher_Education/Uploads/Ch14.pdf
    15. 15. Types of Proposition
    16. 16.  Proposition of Value - A persuasive speech that espouses the worth of an idea, person, or object. - The speaker’s goal is to prove the worth of an evaluative statement .  Proposition of Policy - A persuasive speech which proposes a course of action. -The speaker, usually, is arguing that something should or should not be done. - Proposition of policy is easily recognizable with their use of “ought to”, “should”, “have to” and/or “must”.
    17. 17.  Proposition of Fact -A persuasive speech with the goal of settling what is or is not so. -Suggests the existence of something. - Proves or disapproves something - You need to convince you audience that your evaluation is based on widely accepted standards. Source: http://kendallhunt.com/uploadedFiles/Kendall_Hunt/Content/Higher_Education/Uploads/ Ch14.pdf
    18. 18. Types of Speeches  Valedictory Address - Etymology: “Valedictory” & “Valedictorian” comes from the Latin word valedicere, which means or pertain to a formal farewell. - An oration which conveys farewell delivered by a valedictorian during graduation. - Its aim is to inspire the audience or the graduates and to thank everyone responsible for their excellence. Do’s:  Include stories  Should come from the heart  Be emotional  Keep it short as possible and be mindful of the time consumed  Practice before your actual speech  Organize the content  Relate your speech/ stories to your audience  Keep eye-contact with your audience  Be confident and smile Don’ts: ×Do not read your speech × Do not keep a dull moment × Do not crack unnecessary jokes × Don’t be negative × Refrain form saying “sorry” whenever you missed out something
    19. 19.  Acceptance Speech - A speech done when accepting a prize, award or an honor to express the gratitude of the receiver. Do’s:  Say “thank you” in the beginning of the speech  Talk about the organization or the award  Be brief and spontaneous  Allow humility  Make it short and memorable Don’ts: × Read your speech × Don’t force tears × Don’t talk about yourself  Toast Speech - A ritual speech done during a wedding to express honor or goodwill while holding a glass of wine. Do’s: Keep it short  Maintain the appropriate level of emotion  Keep it personal  Introduce yourself to the crowd Don’ts: × Do not share embarrassing stories × Do not tell too many inside jokes
    20. 20.  Roast Speech - A speech told to poke fun at the honoree/ celebrant. It is usually done during birthday parties, retirement parties, farewell parties and other occasions where someone with sense of humor is being honored. Do’s: Don’ts: Be respectful × Don’t be too negative  Be organized × Refrain form saying jokes  Be funny that are too personal  Avoid inside jokes  Privilege Speech - Also known as parliamentary speech enjoyed by a member of a legislature. Do’s:  Exercise freedom of speech  Defend your part Don’ts: × Play safe  Invocation - Given to ask for cooperation, assistance or help. Do’s: Impart words of wisdom  Should be from the heart  Should be delivered naturally Don’ts: × Do not change from one tone to another × Do not entreat
    21. 21.  Eulogy - Also known as homily, is a speech in praise of a person/s or thing/s who has recently passed away given at a funeral or memorial service. It is also used to praise a living person which could be done during birthdays, retirement etc. Do’s: Don’ts: Tell/ write a lot of details about the × Do not/ avoid using common life of the person who passed away sentences found in most  Stretch out the truth and the good Eulogies deeds done by the person × Avoid stretching out the notso-pleasant things done by the person  Hosting - The act of emceeing or interviewing on a radio or a television program. Do’s: Make your audience entertained  Be hospitable  Be informative Don’ts: × Never keep a dull moment × Do not make guests something they’re not
    22. 22.  News Casting - Disseminating news over a broadcast medium, namely radio or television. Do’s:  Tell the truth and be factually accurate  Check your jargon and rhetoric  Speak in sound bites  Visualize your stories Don’ts: × Don’t just talk about what’s wrong, emphasize how it could be better. × Never “wing it”  Lecturing - The act of delivering an educational lecture/s. Do’s:  Capture listener's attention  Give your listeners opportunity to review and apply what they’ve learned  Use concrete, simple language  Coney your enthusiasm for the material  Keep your audiences engaged Don’ts: × Don’t talk into your notes × Don’t be boring × Don’t overload your listeners
    23. 23.  Debating -The act of discussing which involves an opposing points. Act of formal argument. Do’s:  Say a greeting at the beginning of your speech  Applaud each speaker  When using cue cards, handle them with confidence and avoid reading it  Present your case with facts, figures and stories  Shake the hands of your opponents after the debate  Be humble in victory and gracious Don’ts: × Do not make it personal × Do not provide misleading information × Do not use mannerisms that are distracting × Do not use inappropriate language × Never interrupt other speakers when they are speaking
    24. 24. Sources: http://www.ask.com/question/privileged-speech http://www.columbia.edu/cu/tat/pdfs/lectures.pdf http://dying.about.com/od/glossary/g/eulogy.htm http://www.campusactivism.org/server-new/uploads/section3.pdf https://www.debatingsa.com.au/Resources/Documents/Debating-Dos-AndDonts.pdf