Good Mafternoon! 3/19/14
EQ: What was the impact of the Zapatistas in Mexico?
HW: Zapatistas HW. Project due tomorrow. Test next Monday
1.Pick up a handout from the blue tray and glue on page 60
2.Update your TOC
DateDate ## TitleTitle
3-19 59 Movie Poster
3-19 60 Zapatistas
Notebook Check- 5 minutes
1. Page 54- Influence of African Slavery what
is the answer to #1
2. Page 50- Columbian Exchange. Name two
crops Europeans took from the Americas
3. Page 51- Vocab Quiz. What is the answer to
4. Page 45- Brain Pop Inca- What is the
answer to #2
5. Page 48- Aztec vs. Inca. Where is the Inca
Unit 7 NotesUnit 7 Notes
Who are the Zapatistas?
a group of Mexicans who support improved
rights & living conditions for Mexico’s indigenous
Where does the name “Zapatista” come from?...
Latin America Guerilla Organizations
• The Zapatista
Movement in Mexico
• People from the
Chiapas region of
• Made up primarily of
poor farmers and
workers of indigenous
THE NAME OF THE ZAPATISTAS
• The Zapatistas get their name
from one of the leaders of the
• Zapata is a Mexican symbol
for rising up against a
government that oppresses
• Emiliano Zapata DID NOT
CREATE the Zapatistas, but
his lifetime achievements
inspired the name of the
• It’s a resource-rich state in southern Mexico:
– produces over half of Mexico’s hydroelectric
largest petroleum producing state
– Largest coffee exporting state
• So what’s the big deal there?
What’s the Big Deal?
• Chiapas has the worst rates of poverty in Mexico:
– three-fourths of its people are malnourished, half live
in dwellings with dirt floors
– 19% of the population has no income
– 39% earn less than minimum wage ($3/day)
• Chiapas is a huge contributor to the global
economy (water, oil, etc.), but is getting little in
– huge division between rich & poor in the state
What are they fighting for?
• Zapatistas want to eliminate the division
between the social classes in Chiapas
(wealthy vs. poor)
– They argued that the indigenous people of
Mexico needed more help to improve healthcare,
housing education, & jobs.
• They have tried to peacefully negotiate with
Mexico’s government, but the agreements
have not solved the peoples’ problems…
"The natural wealth that leaves these lands doesn't
travel over just these three roads (leading to Chiapas).
Chiapas is bled through thousands of veins: through oil
ducts and gas ducts, over electric wires, by railroad
cars, through bank accounts, by trucks and vans, by
ships and planes...And what tribute does this land
continue to pay to various empires? Oil, electric
energy, cattle, money, bananas, honey, corn, cocoa,
tobacco, sugar, soy...and Chiapan blood flows out
through a thousand and one fangs sunk into the neck
of southeastern Mexico."
NAFTA & the Zapatistas…
• 1994—North American Free Trade Agreement came
into effect & allowed free trade between US, Canada,
• Some people in Mexico did not like this plan:
– thought that NAFTA would allow cheap farm goods to
come into Mexico from the US
– thought NAFTA benefitted the wealthy and hurt the
poor Native American farmers by lowering prices of crops
like coffee and corn
– farmers in Mexico would not be able to compete with the
NAFTA & the Zapatistas…
• On the day NAFTA took effect, the
Zapatistas took over 7 towns in their part of
Mexico (state of Chiapas).
• The Mexican army was sent to remove the
• fighting lasted for several weeks, & a cease-
fire eventually ended the fighting
• Zapatistas did not go away
Armed Takeover in Chiapas
The Revolt of 1994
• The revolt was put down by
the Mexican National Army,
but the Zapatistas received
recognition from governments
• The revolt helped put
pressure on the Mexican
government to fix the
problems in the Chiapas
Mexico and the Zapatistas Today
• Since the Zapatista revolt in
1994, the Mexican
government and the EZLN
are working constantly to
come up with solutions in the
• The Zapatistas want more
money and assistance from
the government in helping to
make the Chiapas region
• It’s taking a long time…
ZAPATISTA WRITING ASSIGNMENT
There are different opinions on exactly what the Zapatistas
fight for. Therefore, I want you to take a stand and write
either in FAVOR of the Zapatistas or AGAINST them. So
do you think of the Zapatistas more as:
1) A freedom fighting group that fights for the
rights of poor farmers and second class citizens.
2) A terrorist group who is attempting to overthrow
the Mexican government through violence and
other illegal activities.
• What exactly do you see in the photograph?
• How are the people dressed?
• What are they doing?
• Imagine that you are in the picture. What
would you hear? What would you smell?
• Prediction: What happened right before this
• Prediction: What happened right after this
WHAT IS A GUERILLA?
Is This An Example of a Guerilla?
WHAT ARE GUERILLAS?
• Usually a small military
• Made up of non-traditional
• Does not represent a
country but more a
common group or cause
• Uses surprise attacks and
sabotage to attack larger
more formal enemies