Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Unit 3 gov't of uk germany russia

3,185 views

Published on

2015 Updated

Published in: Education
  • Login to see the comments

Unit 3 gov't of uk germany russia

  1. 1. United Kingdom, Russia, & GermanyUnited Kingdom, Russia, & Germany
  2. 2. Parliamentary System of theParliamentary System of the United KingdomUnited Kingdom • Unitary System: the central government has all the power • Democracy: citizens of the country hold the power (voting) • Parliamentary Democracy: leader is elected through the legislature, not directly by the people
  3. 3. Parliamentary System of the United Kingdom • Parliament is the lawmaking body of the United Kingdom • Composed of the House of Lords and the House of Commons – The monarch is also part of Parliament
  4. 4. Parliament-Parliament- House of lords House of commons ConstitutionConstitution Personal freedoms right to vote the right to worship Prime Minister-Prime Minister- David Cameron Monarch-Monarch- Queen Elizabeth IIQueen Elizabeth II
  5. 5. Parliament: House of Lords • In the past, these seats were passed down through wealthy families • Now, Lords are elected by the House or are appointed by the monarch – Have little power • Can only make suggestions of ways to improve a bill that is on its way to becoming a law
  6. 6. House of LordsHouse of Lords
  7. 7. Parliament: House of Commons • Citizens elect these members – 646 members total • This branch controls the country’s budget (lots of power) • The leader of the political party with the most members becomes the Prime Minister – Head of the government (chief executive) & runs the government on a day to day basis
  8. 8. House of CommonsHouse of Commons House of Commons Video
  9. 9. UK’s Leadership • Prime Minister is the chief executive with the MOST power – Leader of the British Parliament, works with legislative branch – Runs the government • The monarch is the official head of state (a symbol for the country) – Duties are mostly ceremonial – Role is restricted by the constitution (Magna Carta)(Magna Carta) of the United Kingdom- Constitutional MonarchyConstitutional Monarchy
  10. 10. Prime Minister David CameronPrime Minister David Cameron
  11. 11. Queen Elizabeth II Queen's Ceremonial Duties
  12. 12. UK’s Citizen RightsUK’s Citizen Rights • Citizens have personal freedoms similar to the US – All citizens are treated equally – Right to worship as they choose – Freedom of speech – Right to a fair trial – Own property • Citizens do not directly elect the leaders (only the House of Commons)
  13. 13. UK- Prime Minister • David CameronDavid Cameron
  14. 14. Monarch- Queen ElizabethMonarch- Queen Elizabeth • No real political power- just a figure head
  15. 15.   United Kingdom How is the power distributed? federal, confederation, unitary Unitary What form of government does this country have? dictatorship, absolute monarchy, constitutional monarchy, parliamentary democracy, presidential democracy, etc. Parliamentary Democracy with a Constitutional Monarchy How is the legislature divided? House of Lords * Have little power * Positions are appointed House of Commons * Lots of power * Control budget * Citizens elect them * Prime Minister comes from the group with the most votes What are the government leaders called? Describe their roles. Prime Minister * Most power *Chief Executive * Leader of Parliament * Runs government Constitutional Monarch * Official Head of State * Ceremonial duties (symbol for country) * Magna Carta limits power Role of the citizen * Citizens have personal freedoms like those in USA * citizens elect members to House of Commons Name of Constitution * Magna Carta
  16. 16. GermanyGermany
  17. 17. Federal System of GermanyFederal System of Germany • Federal System: the power is shared between the central government and the governments of the 16 states • Democracy: citizens of the country hold the power (voting) • Parliamentary Democracy: leader is elected through the legislature, not directly by the people
  18. 18. Parliamentary System of Germany • Germany’s parliament is composed of two houses: the Bundestag and the Bundesrat • Germany’s constitution is called the Basic Law – Germany is a welfare state: government guarantees people certain benefits when they are unemployed, sick, poor, or disabled
  19. 19. Parliament:Parliament: Bundestag • Has the most power • Citizens of each German state elect its members • Members of this house elect the Chancellor (chief executive of Germany)
  20. 20. Bundestag
  21. 21. Parliament:Parliament: BundesratBundesrat • Represents the interests of state governments • Each state selects representatives for this house • Deals with laws that affect states: education and local government issues
  22. 22. BundesratBundesrat
  23. 23. Germany’s Leadership • Chancellor is the chief executive – Runs the government – Elected by the Bundestag (legislature) • The president is the official head of state – A symbol for the country – Duties are mostly ceremonial – Representatives of the legislature and the states choose the president
  24. 24. Parliament-Parliament- Bundesrat Bundestag ConstitutionConstitution The basic law welfare state ChancellorChancellor Angela MerkelAngela Merkel PresidentPresident Joachim Guak
  25. 25. Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel
  26. 26. President Joachim Gauck
  27. 27. Germany’s Citizen RightsGermany’s Citizen Rights • Citizens have same basic freedoms like the United Kingdom: – Citizens are treated equally – Right to worship as they choose – Have freedom of speech – Right to a fair trial – Right to own property • Citizens do not directly elect the leaders (only the Bundestag)
  28. 28. Germany- BundestagGermany- Bundestag
  29. 29.   How is the power distributed? federal, confederation, unitary What form of government does this country have? How is the legislature divided? What are the government leaders called? Describe their roles. Role of the citizen Name of Constitution Germany Federal Parliamentary Democracy Bundestag * Most power * Citizens elect members * Members elect Chancellor who is the executive Bundesrat * Represents interests of state government (edu and local issues) * Each state selects reps (depends on population numbers) Chancellor * Chief Executive * Head of military * Most power * Elected by Bundestag President * Official Head of State * Chosen by legislature and state reps. * Ceremonial duties * Citizens have same freedoms like UK and USA * Elect members to Bundestag * Basic Law
  30. 30. RussiaRussia
  31. 31. Federal System of Russian FederationFederal System of Russian Federation • Federal System: the power is shared between the central government and the governments of the states • Democracy: citizens of the country hold the power (voting) • Presidential Democracy: leader is directly elected by the people
  32. 32. Russian Federal AssemblyRussian Federal Assembly • Russia’s legislature is called the Federal Assembly. • It has two parts: the Federation Council and the State Duma
  33. 33. Federal Assembly: Federation CouncilFederal Assembly: Federation Council • Has two representatives from each state • States appoint the council’s members; they are not directly elected by the people • One important duty: approve the president’s choices of people to fill different government jobs
  34. 34. Federal Assembly:Federal Assembly: State Duma • Larger than the Federation Council – Has 450 members who are elected directly by the people • This house controls the budget and makes the laws • Approves the president’s choice for prime minister
  35. 35. Russia’s LeadershipRussia’s Leadership • President is the chief executive with the MOST power – Elected by the people (presidential democracy) – Can disband the legislature • President also selects a Prime Minister – helps in the day-to-day running of the government – Similar to USA’s vice president
  36. 36. Federal AssemblyFederal Assembly -Federation Council -State Duma President-President- Vladimir Putin Prime Minister-Prime Minister- Dmitry Medvedev ConstitutionConstitution Guarantees humanGuarantees human and civil rightsand civil rights freedom of speechfreedom of speech
  37. 37. Russia’s President Vladimir Putin
  38. 38. Russian Prime Minister Dimitri Medvedev
  39. 39. Russian- Parliment
  40. 40. Russia- Federal CouncilRussia- Federal Council
  41. 41. President- Vladmir Putin
  42. 42. RussiaRussia • Prime Minister- D mitry Medvedev
  43. 43. Russia’s Citizen RightsRussia’s Citizen Rights • Russia’s constitution guarantees human and civil rights for its citizens – All people are equal – Russians have the right to life and dignity – Freedom of speech – The right to privacy • Citizens directly elect the leader
  44. 44. Russia How is the power distributed? federal, confederation, unitary Federal What form of government does this country have? dictatorship, absolute monarchy, constitutional monarchy, parliamentary democracy, presidential democracy, etc. Presidential Democracy How is the legislature divided? Federation Council * 2 reps from each state * State appoints council members * Members approve presidents pick to fill government jobs State Duma * Larger * 450 members elected by people * Controls budget * Makes laws * Approves Presidents choice for Prime Minister What are the government leaders called? Describe their roles. President * Chief executive * Most power * Elected by people * Can disband legislature * Selects PM (Prime Minister) Prime Minister * Helps in day to day running of government Role of the citizen * Citizens have rights * Directly elect leader Name of Constitution * No name, just called the constitution
  45. 45. Sample Test Question In Russia, power is divided between Central and regional authorities. This is an example of which government type? A. Unitary B. Confederation C. Federal D. Parliamentary Corresponds to SS6- CG1a, CG4a, CG6a SS7- CG1a , CG4a, CG6a
  46. 46. Sample Test Question What is a basic way citizens of a democratic nation can influence the government? A. voting B. working C. obeying laws D. consuming goods OAS Database Question - Corresponds to SS6- CG1b, CG4b, CG6b SS7- CG1b , CG4b, CG6b
  47. 47. Sample Test Question In which system of government does the legislature elect the executive leader of the government? A. democratic B. communist C. parliamentary D. totalitarian OAS Database Question - Corresponds to SS6- CG1c, CG4c, CG6c SS7- CG1c , CG4c, CG6c
  48. 48. Sample Test Question In most democratic countries, the government is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. In the UK, the legislative branch is the A. Parliament B. prime minister C. Supreme Court D. governor general OAS Database Question - Corresponds to SS6- CG1b, CG4b, CG6b SS&- CG1b , CG4b, CG6b
  49. 49. Flags
  50. 50. TOTD-DirectionsTOTD-Directions Respond to the following question on Edmodo If you had to choose one of these European countries to live in based on their political system, which would you choose and why? Make sure to provide two examples. *If you finished, create a quizziz, kahoot or quizlet using the information from your Gov't GO
  51. 51. UK Ger RUSS HOG HOS Legislature HMP HLP CE/HOG is elected from SCUF TOAD PVP
  52. 52. UK Ger RUSS HOG HOS Legislature HMP HLP CE/HOG is elected from SCUF TOAD PVP

×