Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous

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Uses and Examples of Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous. (Unit 6)

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Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous

  1. 1. Simple & Continuous
  2. 2. Present Perfect Simple <ul><li>Use no. 1: Experiences or actions in the past  “ Ever and Never are often used” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I haven’t been to Greece. ( have / has + past participle ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I’ ve never been to Greece. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Present Perfect Simple <ul><li>Use no. 1 : Questions about experiences or actions in the past  “ Ever and Never are often used” </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever gone snowboarding? ( have / has + ever + past participle ) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Use no. 2: Focused on a finished action: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He ‘s studied everything he can for the test tomorrow. ( have / has + past participle ) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Use no. 3: It is focused on the number of times an action has been completed (use FOR & SINCE ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I ’ve seen ‘The Bourne Supremacy’ many times SINCE it came out. ( have / has + past participle ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I ’ve seen ‘The Bourne Supremacy’ FOR 7 times. </li></ul></ul>period of time the beginning of an action
  6. 6. <ul><li>Use no. 4: It is used with verbs like  Be, love, have, like, know, believe. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I ’ ve always loved music! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She has known him since she was 5 years old. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( have / has + past participle ) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Use no. 5: Past action with effect/result in the present. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She has just had her hair cut and dyed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My brother has just drunk the last bottle of water. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Use no. 6: With SUPERLATIVE forms. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>My job interview was one of the most difficult things I ’ve ever done ! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( have / has + past participle ) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Present Perfect Continuous <ul><li>Use no. 1 It’s used to talk about incompleted actions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I’ ve been read ing this book all morning. ( have / has + been + verb – ing ) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Use no. 2 Emphasise for how long an action has been going on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She ’s been hav ing driving lessons for over a year. ( have / has + been + verb – ing ) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Use no. 3 Recent activity when you still see the results. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ What’s all that mess?” … “I ’ve been mak ing a cake” ( have / has + been + verb – ing ) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. For/Since (in both) <ul><li>For expresses a period of time. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I’ve been working at JP for 5 years. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Since points out the beginning of an action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I’ve worked here since 2004. </li></ul></ul>

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