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English grammar present perfect tense


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Grammar in context for communicative purposes.

Published in: Education, Technology
  • salam dear compiler;
    the note u have prepared is very effective but u have mixed up.
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  • Hi Miriam
    Can we use 'when' to form questions in the Present Perfect tense? For example, is this question 'When have I paid?' correct? Some grammarians feel that 'when' is used only in Simple Past and not in Present Perfect.
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English grammar present perfect tense

  1. 1. The Present Perfect Tense andThe Present Perfect Progressive Tense by Miriam Gomez
  2. 2.  Thiscourse is to improve our accuracy and understanding of the form and function of the Present Perfect Tense, Present Perfect Progressive Tense Tounderstand and apply the grammar rules for effective communication in English
  3. 3. Affirmative statements: subject + present tense of have + past participle I´ve played football for three yearsNegative statments: A subject + the present tense of have + not + past participle Our team hasn’t won any games this year.Yes/No Questions . Have + a subject + a past participle A: Have you ever played squash? B: Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t
  4. 4. We use the:Wh words what, where, when, how , which, why, who and whom:to form wh- questions in the present form Who has won the most games? How many games have the won?We often use adverbs such as ever, never, already, yet, still and so far wi thpresent perfect tense. So far, he hasn’t said anything. He still hasn’t said anything. He has left already.
  5. 5. Affirmative statements: A subject + the present tense of have + been + a verb + ing They’ve been practicing all morning so they’re tired.Negative statements: A subject + the present tense of have + not + been + a verb + ing She hasn’t been playing basketball very long.Yes/No questions: Have or has + a subject + been + a verb + ing A: Have they been winning a lot of games? B: Yes, they have. / No, they haven’t.
  6. 6. We use the wh- words what, where, when,how, which, why, who, and who to formwh- questions. Who has been scoring the most goals? Why have the been losing so much?
  7. 7. The Present Perfect Tense The Present Perfect Progressive TenseTo talk about something that started in To emphasize the continuation of anthe past and that continues up to the action that started in the past andpresent. continues into the preset. I have been waiting for your call allI have been here for 40 minutes. day.To talk about a completed action that To talk about an action that my or mayhas an importance in the present. not be completed.She has done her homework. She’s been doing her homeworkTo talk about what has been achieved To talk about how long something hasin a period of time. been in progress.He has written two e -mails thismorning. He has been writing all morning.To describe a situation that is more To describe a situation more temporarypermanent and that continues in the and that continues into the present.present. She’s been working her for a coupo ofShe has always worked here. weeks.
  8. 8. We can use the present perfect tense or the present perfect progressive withaction verbs. We have finished our work. We’ve been finishing our work.But we do not use the perfect progressive with stative verbs.We often use for or since with the present perfect and present perfectprogressive. We use for to talk about a length of time. We use since to talkabout a point in time. I’ve been waiting here for an hour. I’ve been waiting here since 2:00 p.m.We often use adverbs such as ever, never, already, yes, still, just and so far with thepresent perfect tense. So far, I`ve been to three countries. We’ve just landed. I have’t ever traveled in Argentina. They have’t called for a taxi. What have they already bought? I have never sailed on a ship.
  9. 9. We form affirmative statements:a subject + the present tense of be + going to + a verb I’m going to have a party this weekend.We form negative statements:a subject + the present tense of be + not + going to + a verb I’m not going to tell him because I want it to be a surprise
  10. 10. yes/no questionsthe present tense of be + a subject + going to + a verb A: Are your friends going to make all of the food? B: Yes, they are. / No, they are not.Wh- words for questions:What, where, when, how, which, why, who and whom Who is going to make the food? Where are they going to make it?
  11. 11. We form affirmative statements: a subject + will + a verb I will lend it to you.We form negative statements: a subject + will not + a verb I won`t be late.
  12. 12. yes/no questions will + a subject + a verb A: Will your roommate like the surprise? B: Yes, he will. / No, he won’t.Wh- words for questions:What, where, when, how, which, why, who and whom I need some help. Who will set the table for me? When will the food be ready?
  13. 13. Will + Base Verb Be going to + Base VerbTo talk about something we decide to To talk about plans or something wedo at the moment of speaking. have already decided to do.A: Oh no! I’ve spilled some coffee on I’m going to have lunch with my sister.the rug.B: Don’t worry. I’ll clean it up for you.To say what we think or believe will To talk about something in the futurehappen in the future. that we can see as a result of something in the presentThey’ll probably get here late. There isn’t a cloud in the sky.I’m sure he’ll be there. It`s going to be a beautiful day.To talk about actions and events that To talk about plans, intentions , orwill definitely happen in the future. ambitions for the future. I will be twenty next Monday. She’s going to be a doctor some day. The sun will rise again tomorrow.
  14. 14. We often use be going to to talk about and intention and will togive details and comments.I am going to have a surprise birhday party for Diego. I’ll invite all hisfriends.We can use either will or going to to make predictions. They’ll win the game. They’re going to win the game.We use will and be going to with time expressions such as soon,tonight, tomorrow, and next Monday/week/month/year
  15. 15.  Usethe present perfect progressive in writing an informal letter to someone you haven’t seen in a long time.
  16. 16.  Complete the sentences with the present perfect or the present perfect progressive tense of verbs in parenthesis. Sometimes both tenses are possible.1. Soccer (be) ________ the most popular sport in the world for a long time.2. People (play) _________soccer in England for hundreds of years.3. Since 1870, there (be) __________ in the Olympic games since 1900.4. Parachuting (be) ___________ an official sport only since 1951.5. Women (compete)_____________ in singles matches at Wimbeldon since 1884.6. In the United States, baseball (become) _____________ the country’s favorite sports.7. Our basketball team (practice) _____________ all morning.