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# Present perfect simple

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### Present perfect simple

1. 2. <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>You have seen that movie many times. (affirmative) </li></ul><ul><li>Have you seen that movie many times? (interrogative) </li></ul><ul><li>You have not seen that movie many times. (negative) </li></ul>
2. 3. <ul><li>SUBJECT + HAVE/HAS + VERB PAST PARTICIPLE + OBJECT (+) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: I have bought a car. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: She has bought a car. </li></ul><ul><li>SUBJECT + HAVEN’T / HAS NOT + VERB PAST PARTICIPLE + OBJECT (-) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: I haven’t bought a car. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: She has not bought a car. </li></ul><ul><li>HAVE/HAS + SUBJECT + VERB PAST PARTICIPLE + OBJECT + ? (?) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: have you bought a car? </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: has she bought a car? </li></ul>
3. 4. <ul><li>You CANNOT use the Present Perfect with specific time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived in, at that moment, that day, one day, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>We CAN use the Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, etc. </li></ul>
4. 5. <ul><li>ACTIONS THAT STARTED IN THE PAST AND ARE STILL CONTINUING. </li></ul><ul><li>ACTIONS WHICH HAPPENED AT SOME UNKNOWN TIME IN THE PAST (EXPERIENCE). </li></ul><ul><li>ACTIONS WHICH HAPPENED IN THE PAST, BUT HAVE AN EFFECT IN THE PRESENT. </li></ul><ul><li>RECENT PAST. </li></ul>
5. 6. <ul><li>When speaking about something that started in the past and has continued up until now, we use words such us FOR and SINCE. </li></ul><ul><li>For: with a length of time. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: I’ve lived here for five years. </li></ul><ul><li>Since: with a starting time. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: I’ve been a teacher since 2007. </li></ul>
6. 7. <ul><li>You can use the Present Perfect to describe your experience. It is like saying, &quot;I have the experience of...&quot; You can also use this tense to say that you have never had a certain experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Joan has studied two foreign languages </li></ul><ul><li>Ever & Never. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>He has never travelled by train. </li></ul><ul><li>A: Have you ever met him?. B: No, I have not met him. </li></ul>
7. 8. <ul><li>The action happened at some time in the past, but the effect of the action is still important now. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve lost my keys. (still missing) </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve cut my finger –and now it’s bleeding- (still injured) </li></ul>
8. 9. <ul><li>Recently completed actions. </li></ul><ul><li>Key words: just, already and yet. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>He has JUST played football (it is over now). </li></ul><ul><li>Have you finished yet? </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve already written the report (here it is) </li></ul>
9. 10. <ul><li>We use just to express actions that happened RECENTLY. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Maria has JUST finished her homework (not so long ago) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: It has just started to rain. </li></ul>
10. 11. <ul><li>We use ‘already’ to express actions that have finished before the actions were expected to finish. </li></ul><ul><li>I have already done my homework </li></ul><ul><li>Jorge has already watched ‘Transformers’ the movie. </li></ul><ul><li>Cinthia has already read that book. </li></ul>
11. 12. <ul><li>We use yet for negative and interrogative sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>It is used to express expectations. (ya or aún in spanish) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Have you eaten sushi yet? (you expected that the other person has already eaten sushi) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: I haven’t been to Europe yet. (But I expect to go) </li></ul>
12. 13. <ul><li>1) We often use NEVER and EVER with the PPS to talk about experience. </li></ul><ul><li>2) We often use SINCE and FOR to say how long the action has lasted. </li></ul><ul><li>3) We often use JUST, ALREADY and YET with the PPS for a recently completed action in the past. </li></ul>
13. 14. <ul><li>Write sentences in present perfect simple. </li></ul><ul><li>they / ask / a question </li></ul><ul><li>They have asked a question. </li></ul><ul><li>he / speak / English </li></ul><ul><li>I / be / in my room </li></ul><ul><li>we / not / wash / the car </li></ul><ul><li>Annie / not / forget / her homework </li></ul>
14. 15. <ul><li>Write questions in present perfect simple. </li></ul><ul><li>they / finish / their homework </li></ul><ul><li>Have they finished their homework? </li></ul><ul><li>Sue / kiss / Ben </li></ul><ul><li>the waiter / bring / the tea </li></ul><ul><li>Marilyn / pay / the bill </li></ul><ul><li>you / ever / write / a poem </li></ul>