Whatisit?Whatisit?We use the PresentWe use the PresentPerfect to say thatPerfect to say thatan actionan actionhappened at anhappened at anunspecifiedunspecified timetimebefore now.before now.
PresentPerfectPresentPerfectIt refers to actions in theIt refers to actions in thepast that have somethingpast that have somethingto do with the present.to do with the present.e.g.The sentence “Ie.g.The sentence “I havehavecleanedcleaned my room”my room”suggestssuggests it is clean nowit is clean now..
PresentperfectPresentperfect““My family hasMy family hasvisited the doctorvisited the doctorseveral times thisseveral times thisyearyear”” suggests thatsuggests thatthere may be morethere may be morevisits to the doctor.visits to the doctor.
Examples…Examples…• You have seen thatmovie many times.• Have you seen thatmovie many times?• You have not seenthat movie manytimes.An unspecified time before ‘now’.
PresentPerfectPresentPerfectMaking a sentence…[has/have + past participle]Example: “I have been toFrance”This sentence means that youhave had the experience ofbeing in France at least once.
NegativeformNegativeform• I/You/We/Theyhave nottraveled.• He/She/It has nottraveled.
QuestionformQuestionform(interrogative)(interrogative)• HaveI/you/we/theytraveled?• Has he/she/ittraveled?
StudentexercisesStudentexercisesI ___ answered the question.I ___ answered the question.She ___ opened the windowShe ___ opened the windowI (not/work) ___ todayI (not/work) ___ todayWe (buy) ___ a new lampWe (buy) ___ a new lamp
Answers…Answers…I have answered the questionI have answered the questionShe has opened the windowShe has opened the windowI has not worked todayI has not worked todayWe have bought a new lampWe have bought a new lamp
StudentexercisesStudentexercisesWe (not/plan) ___ ourWe (not/plan) ___ ourholiday yetholiday yetWhere (be/you) ___?Where (be/you) ___?He (write) ___ five lettersHe (write) ___ five letters(speak/he) ___to his boss?(speak/he) ___to his boss?
Answers…Answers…We have not planned ourWe have not planned ourholiday yetholiday yetWhere have you been?Where have you been?He has written five lettersHe has written five lettersHas he spoken to his boss?Has he spoken to his boss?
PresentPerfectPresentPerfectContinuousContinuousIs used to show thatIs used to show thatsomething started in thesomething started in thepast and haspast and has continuedcontinued upupuntil now.until now.
Durations…Durations… "For five minutes," "for two"For five minutes," "for twoweeks," and "sinceweeks," and "sinceTuesday" are all durationsTuesday" are all durationswhich can be used...which can be used...
Examples…Examples…Form:Form: [has/have + been +[has/have + been +present participle]present participle]•YouYou have been waitinghave been waiting hereherefor two hours.for two hours.•HaveHave youyou been waitingbeen waiting hereherefor two hoursfor two hours•YouYou have not been waitinghave not been waitinghere for two hours.here for two hours.
Studentstask…Studentstask…He (wait) ___ for the lift forHe (wait) ___ for the lift forover 10 minutes.over 10 minutes.Has (look) ___ any gold? -Has (look) ___ any gold? -Yes, he has.Yes, he has.Richard (pick) ___ applesRichard (pick) ___ applessince yesterday.since yesterday.
Answers…Answers…HeHe has been waitinghas been waiting for thefor thelift for over 10 minutes.lift for over 10 minutes.Has he been looking forHas he been looking forany gold? -Yes, he has.any gold? -Yes, he has.RichardRichard has been pickinghas been pickingapples since yesterday.apples since yesterday.
Studentstask…Studentstask…He still (water) ___theHe still (water) ___theplants since his accident.plants since his accident.My football team (win) ___My football team (win) ___matches for over half amatches for over half ayear.year.The alarm (ring) ___ sinceThe alarm (ring) ___ since7 a.m7 a.m
Answers…Answers…He stillHe still hasn’t beenhasn’t beenwateringwatering the plants sincethe plants sincehis accident.his accident.My football teamMy football team has beenhas beenwinningwinning matchesmatches for overfor overhalf a year.half a year.The alarm clockThe alarm clock has beenhas beenringingringing since 7 a.m.since 7 a.m.