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makeordo
orhow do we translate      „fare‟        ?
4 cases
1: „make‟
„make‟means something is created  that didn‟t exist before
make coffee   make a cake    make toysmake your own bread
common words with     make
a mistake       a phone call       a list       a noise       a bedmake   an appointment       a film       an excuse     ...
2: „do‟
„do‟is used for activities
domestic and office tasks   follow a formula
do the -ing
do the shopping*            do the cleaning            do the washing             do the ironing          --------------  ...
do the shopping*            do the cleaning            do the washing             do the ironing          --------------  ...
„do‟ is used with various types of             exercise
do aerobics*             do gymnastics              do athletics           --------------            do an exercise       ...
do aerobics*         do gymnastics          do athletics       --------------        do an exercise          do exercises*...
„do‟is used in questions and  introductions to mean        “any verb”
“What did you do yesterday?”
“What did you do yesterday?”“I did a lot of things…
“What did you do yesterday?”“I did a lot of things…I met some friends, I went for awalk in the park, I took somephotos, I ...
NB when do is the main verb   in a question, it says:   “you choose the verb       for the answer”
What did you do at the        weekend?What are we doing next week? What have you been doing   since we last spoke?
common words with      do
something     your best     business with sb     a coursedo   a subject     research     homework     housework     sb a f...
3: other verbs
common words with     have
a rest       a meal       - breakfast, lunch, etc       a shower / bath / swimhave   a party       a baby       fun       ...
common words with     take
a photo       an exam       a measurement etc.       a breath       a break / pause1take   a decision2       a vote / poll...
common words with   other verbs
ask a question    give an answercarry out reform
4: noun to verb
sometimes you should convert a       noun to a verb
consider:
to [verb] an analysis of sth
to [verb] an analysis of sth      to analyse sth
nounto [verb] an analysis of sth      to analyse sth           verb
more examples:
to [verb] a test on sth
to [verb] a test on sth      to test sth
to [verb] lobbying for sth
to [verb] lobbying for sth     to lobby for sth
put a verb into these sentences – use the correct tenseYesterday, I ______ a big mistake.She hasn‟t ______ her homework.Th...
put a verb into these sentences – use the correct tenseYesterday, I made a big mistake.She hasn‟t done her homework.The ch...
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Make or do

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Which verb? Make, do or something else? This presentation should help you find that answer.

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Make or do

  1. 1. makeordo
  2. 2. orhow do we translate „fare‟ ?
  3. 3. 4 cases
  4. 4. 1: „make‟
  5. 5. „make‟means something is created that didn‟t exist before
  6. 6. make coffee make a cake make toysmake your own bread
  7. 7. common words with make
  8. 8. a mistake a phone call a list a noise a bedmake an appointment a film an excuse a sign a gesture a mess
  9. 9. 2: „do‟
  10. 10. „do‟is used for activities
  11. 11. domestic and office tasks follow a formula
  12. 12. do the -ing
  13. 13. do the shopping* do the cleaning do the washing do the ironing -------------- do the filing do the photocopying*compare with go –ing (eg. go shopping) for free time activities
  14. 14. do the shopping* do the cleaning do the washing do the ironing -------------- do the filing do the photocopying*compare with go –ing (eg. go shopping) for free-time activities
  15. 15. „do‟ is used with various types of exercise
  16. 16. do aerobics* do gymnastics do athletics -------------- do an exercise do exercises*compare with go –ing (eg. go shopping) for free time activities
  17. 17. do aerobics* do gymnastics do athletics -------------- do an exercise do exercises*compare with play (eg. play golf) for sports with a ball
  18. 18. „do‟is used in questions and introductions to mean “any verb”
  19. 19. “What did you do yesterday?”
  20. 20. “What did you do yesterday?”“I did a lot of things…
  21. 21. “What did you do yesterday?”“I did a lot of things…I met some friends, I went for awalk in the park, I took somephotos, I cooked dinner, and Idid my homework”.
  22. 22. NB when do is the main verb in a question, it says: “you choose the verb for the answer”
  23. 23. What did you do at the weekend?What are we doing next week? What have you been doing since we last spoke?
  24. 24. common words with do
  25. 25. something your best business with sb a coursedo a subject research homework housework sb a favour
  26. 26. 3: other verbs
  27. 27. common words with have
  28. 28. a rest a meal - breakfast, lunch, etc a shower / bath / swimhave a party a baby fun a (adj.) time / holiday / etc.
  29. 29. common words with take
  30. 30. a photo an exam a measurement etc. a breath a break / pause1take a decision2 a vote / poll 1 also have 2 also make
  31. 31. common words with other verbs
  32. 32. ask a question give an answercarry out reform
  33. 33. 4: noun to verb
  34. 34. sometimes you should convert a noun to a verb
  35. 35. consider:
  36. 36. to [verb] an analysis of sth
  37. 37. to [verb] an analysis of sth to analyse sth
  38. 38. nounto [verb] an analysis of sth to analyse sth verb
  39. 39. more examples:
  40. 40. to [verb] a test on sth
  41. 41. to [verb] a test on sth to test sth
  42. 42. to [verb] lobbying for sth
  43. 43. to [verb] lobbying for sth to lobby for sth
  44. 44. put a verb into these sentences – use the correct tenseYesterday, I ______ a big mistake.She hasn‟t ______ her homework.The children ______ a big mess last night.We ______ an exam last Friday.They ______ the shopping on Saturdays, then they ______ a break.______ a phone call to ______ an appointment.We ______ a party last Saturday and John ______ some great photos.Can you ______ me a favour?How many films did Kubrick ______?He ______ Architecture at Roma Tre.Has Jane ______ her baby yet?
  45. 45. put a verb into these sentences – use the correct tenseYesterday, I made a big mistake.She hasn‟t done her homework.The children made a big mess last night.We took an exam last Friday.They do the shopping on Saturdays, then they take a break.Make a phone call to make an appointment.We had a party last Saturday and John took some great photos.Can you do me a favour?How many films did Kubrick make?He is doing Architecture at Roma Tre.Has Jane had her baby yet?
  46. 46. www.davidnicholson.it

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