Presentation 5 2

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Biology 120 - Medical Terminology

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Presentation 5 2

  1. 1. Presentation 5: Cardiac Therapeutic Procedures By: Latoyska Howard
  2. 2. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) <ul><li>Procedure that restores oxygen to the lungs </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually takes place when someone goes into cardiac arrest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Procedure is done when a victim is unconscious </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A emergency procedure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pushes blood out of the heart </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Done by one or two CPR trained rescuers </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Defibrillation <ul><li>Procedure that converts serious irregular heartbeats, such as fibrillation, by giving electric shocks to the heart using an instrument called a defibrillator. Also called cardioverison . </li></ul><ul><li>Helps establish a normal heart rhythm for a patient who has gone into cardiac arrest </li></ul><ul><li>Defibrillators are located: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ambulance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hospitals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fire department/police department </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And now in service areas </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Pacemaker Implantation <ul><li>Electrical device that substitutes for the natural pacemaker for the heart. It controls the beating of the heart y a series of rhythmic electrical impulses. An external pacemaker has the electrodes on the outside of the body. An internal pacemaker has the electrodes surgically implanted within the chest wall. </li></ul><ul><li>Pacemakers are used to treat Arrhythmias </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Irregular heartbeat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>During Arrhythmia, the heart can beat too fast or slow </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The heart may not be able to pump enough blood to the body </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Causing symptoms of fatigue, shortness of breath and fainting </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>These symptoms can damage vital organs and may cause death </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Heart Transplantation <ul><li>Replacement of a diseased or malfunctioning heart with a donor’s heart. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually a surgical procedure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For patients who have tried medications and other surgical procedures with no success </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When patient is in the process of death </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thousands of transplants done every year in America </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>72.4% men </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>54.2% are ages 50 or older </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Survival rate 88% </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>

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