Presentation 11

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Presentation 11

  1. 1. Endocrine System Suffixes: -crine & dipsia Latoyska Howard
  2. 2. - Crine/ Endocrine <ul><li>-crine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>means to secrete (release) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Endocrine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses chemicals to communicate with the body called Hormones </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Hormones <ul><li>Specific messenger molecule synthesized and secreted by a group of specialized cells called an endocrine gland. </li></ul><ul><li>Endocrine glands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are sent directly to the bloodstream </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traveling into the organs </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Major Endocrine Glands <ul><li>Hypothalamus & Pituitary Gland </li></ul><ul><li>Thyroid Gland </li></ul><ul><li>Pancreas </li></ul><ul><li>Adrenal Glands </li></ul><ul><li>Gonads </li></ul><ul><li>Pineal Gland </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hypothalamus/Pituitary Gland <ul><li>Pituitary Gland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is called the “master gland” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Its controlled by the hypothalamus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Together they both control many other endocrine functions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Secrete Hormones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specialty the female menstrual cycle, birth, lactation and pregnancy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non sex hormone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps water secretion from the kidneys </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Thyroid Gland <ul><li>Thyroid Hormone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulates metabolism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Body temperature and weight </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Iodine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Needs to manufacture hormones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>w/o iodine there is a thyroid deficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Causes an enlarged thyroid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gov’t is influencing consumers to consume iodized salt </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Pancreas <ul><li>Two functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ducted gland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>secreting digestive enzymes into the small intestine </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ductless gland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Secretes insulin and glucagons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Glucagons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulates the blood sugar levels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Islets cells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secrete glucagons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicates with the liver when the blood sugar is low to release carbohydrates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretes insulin and tells the liver to take glucose out of the circulation to lower sugars when too high </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diabetes Mellitus (DM) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood sugar is out of control </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Adrenal Glands <ul><li>Two Adrenal Glands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sit on top of each kidney </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outer Cortex and inner Medulla </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Medulla </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretes Adrenaline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Helps us respond to danger, stressors, caffeine, low blood sugar.. Etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Cortex </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretes corticosteroids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>anti-inflammatory </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Gonads <ul><li>Sex Organs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Produces female ovaries and male testes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Male </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hormones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Testosterone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Female </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hormones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Estrogen and progesterone </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Pineal Gland <ul><li>Located near the center of the brain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulates the nerves for eyes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Melatonin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sleep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretes at night </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Winter time when nights are longer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Reproductive system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suppresses the gonads </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. -dipsia/ Polydipsia <ul><li>-dipsia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thirst </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Polydipsia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Excessive thirst </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Related to diabetic patients who have untreated or poorly controlled DM. </li></ul></ul>

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