Maya were located inMesoamerica-centralMexico to N. CentralAmerica -Started around 1000 B.C.Picture from flickr.com by user Urban Sea Star
-Lived in the rain forest they farmed and Hunted -Beans, Squash, Avocados, and Maize -Hunted deer, rabbits, and monkeys -Lived in small villages and traded with othersThis picture is from flickr.com by user IITA Image Library.
From AD 250-900 -40 Large cities with own governments and kings Cities were linked through trade -Lowlands grew crops and traded cotton and cacao -Highlands traded jade and obsidian obsidian picture from flickr.com from user elevenamx Cacao picture from flickr.com from user Christine4nier
Maya cities in Classic Age -Large stone temples and pyramids -Built large palaces -Plaza’s for gathering and meetings around main temple
-Stone ball court-ball through ring no hands or feetcould be used -winners received jewels and clothing - losers were killedPicture from flickr.com from user exfordy
2 main forces drove Maya culture- social structureand religion2 classes in Maya society-were not divided equallyUpper class had the King, priests, merchants, andwarriors
The main gathering place for Maya society was around the largest temple, where priests would perform religious ceremonies. This picture is of El Castillo at Chichen Itza. This picture from flickr.com from user f-l-e-x.
Maya King-had religious and political authority -related to the gods Priests, merchants, and warriors -rest of the power with the king -priests led all religious ceremonies
Lower class- most of the Maya -Completed all of the labor and provided food -women cared for children, cooked, and made clothes -men would farm, hunt, and make tools -Lower class had to pay for upper class -food, clothing, salt -build buildings -serve in Army
Religion of the Maya -worshipped many gods -all for different purposes -Gods could help or hurt you -give blood to Gods (everyone did this)
Achievements of the Maya -Accurate calendars -365 day calendar for farming -260 day calendar for religious events -Great at Math -Used the number 0 -Writing system to record history -Art work with jade and gold
This is the Maya observatory at Tulum, where the priests study the night sky and made calendars.
Collapse around 900 AD -Maya left their cities 4 reasons why they may have left -To much work for the lower class -rebel against the king -Warfare between cities -killed to many people -could not produce enough crops -weakened the soil -climate change -droughts (not enough rain)
There are people of Maya descendancy alive today in Mexico and the northern part of Central America. This picture from flickr.com from user mystuart.
All information comes from: Salter, Christopher. The Americas. Austin, Texas: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2009. Print All pictures are cited from flickr.com and the ones not cited were from when I visited a Maya ruin.