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Ap Olmec Powerpoint


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Ap Olmec Powerpoint

  1. 1. Meso-American Civilizations <ul><li>Central American Civilizations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Olmec - 1500BCE-200CE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maya 200-1200CE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aztecs 1350-1530 </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. South America <ul><li>Many older Civilizations across South America are united by the Inca </li></ul><ul><li>Inca – 1350 - 1530 </li></ul>
  3. 3. MesoAmerican Civilization Origins Olmec 1500 BCE – 200 CE
  4. 5. Geography <ul><li>Yukatan Penninsula </li></ul><ul><li>located on the hot, humid coasts of the Gulf of Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>surrounded by rain forests, grasslands, and swamps </li></ul>
  5. 6. Olmec Politics <ul><li>Called “Cult of the Jaguar” </li></ul><ul><li>City state government that united for religious celebrations under the authority of a Priest/shaman </li></ul><ul><li>Dirt and clay pyramids used for political power and religious ceremonies </li></ul>
  6. 7. Colossal Heads Colossal Head #10 Basalt San Lorenzo
  7. 8. Economic Life <ul><ul><li>most were farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>based on power and wealth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>priests and government (theocracy) were the most powerful </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>merchants and craftspeople were next </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>farmers were the lowest </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Most city states had their own language and customs </li></ul>
  8. 9. Olmec Religion: Polytheist nature worship <ul><li>shaman ruled, claimed to shape-change, control nature (rain, sun, crops), fly, killing enemies from a distance, and bear off-spring even though they are men. </li></ul><ul><li>Jaguars seen as magical animals and shamen claimed to shape shift into them </li></ul><ul><li>foundation of later Maya civilization. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Shaman as jaguar carrying his spirit
  10. 11. Riding Crocodiles in the Spirit world
  11. 13. Social Life Typical of Agricultural Society <ul><li>Men: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>plowed and planted fields </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>tended to the crops </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>hunted and fished </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Women/Older girls </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>housekeeping chores </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>making clothes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>supplying the home with firewood and water </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>caring for younger children </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Children </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>learned about farming and housekeeping chores </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 14. Intellectual Life <ul><li>Maize Domesticated 3000BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Major staplecrop in Mesoamerica </li></ul><ul><li>Also domesticated cotton, cacao, feathers, pelts, woods, rubber </li></ul>
  13. 15. Intellectual life <ul><li>developed a number system, calendar, and a form of writing </li></ul>
  14. 16. Olmec Art: Jade Sculpture (plus giant heads and pyramids) Jade Axe Were-Jaguar Olmec Figure
  15. 17. Olmec Influence on the Mayans <ul><li>Maize </li></ul><ul><li>Ceremonial centers with temple pyramids </li></ul><ul><li>Calendar based on the Olmec one </li></ul><ul><li>Ball games </li></ul><ul><li>Rituals involving human sacrifice </li></ul>
  16. 21. <ul><li>Olmec, La Venta, cone pyramid </li></ul>