Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Mayan Power Point!


Published on

This power point is about the Mayan civilization!

Published in: Education
  • The presentation was great! The information provided about the Mayans was very informative. The presentation was not wordy or filled with pictures. It contained enough basic knowledge to inform the audience being presented about important aspect of the Mayan.
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Mayan Power Point!

  1. 2. <ul><li> (Calendar) </li></ul><ul><li> (Math) </li></ul><ul><li> (Geography) </li></ul><ul><li> (Geography) </li></ul><ul><li> (Architecture) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>A.S. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>The Mayans lived in the area of Central America in what is now Yucatan, Guatemala, Belize & Southern Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>The land consists of rainforests, swamps, & savannas. The highlands, in the south, were volcanic mountains. </li></ul><ul><li>The northern climate was hot and rainy in the northern areas </li></ul><ul><li>The Mayans occupied 125,000 square miles of lowland and highlands. -L.U. </li></ul>Geography!
  3. 4. <ul><li>Most of the Mayan population lived in hay huts. The walls were constructed out of mud or stone and held up by wooden poles. </li></ul><ul><li>The structure of building depended on its use. Temples, for example, had two chambers. One behind the other. The interior chambers were sanctuary and the exterior chambers were used for less reserved ceremonies. </li></ul><ul><li>Like the Chinese, Mayan decorated their buildings with carvings made of stone. –L.U. </li></ul>Architecture
  4. 5. <ul><li>The Mayan number system was based on numbers one through twenty. </li></ul><ul><li>The reason for this was because they used all their fingers and their toes to count. </li></ul><ul><li>It only has three number symbols a line, a dot, and a symbol for zero. </li></ul><ul><li>A.S. </li></ul>This is an example of a math problem: 12 + 1 × 20 + 3 × 18 × 20 + 14 × 18 × 20 2  + 8 × 18 × 20 3  = 1253912. <ul><li>They used place values to expand this system to allow the expression of very large values. </li></ul><ul><li>Their system has two significant differences from the system we use: 1) the place values are arranged vertically, and 2) they use a base 20 system. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>The time keeping system of the Mayans was a combination of cycles that mixed together marking the movement of the Sun, Moon, and Venus. </li></ul><ul><li>Their sacred calendar called the Tzolkin is based on the cycles of the Pleiades which was composed of 260 days. </li></ul><ul><li>It contained 13 months which were named after the 13 gods and 20 days were numbered from 0 to 19. </li></ul><ul><li>The second calendar was the civil calendar and consisted of 365 days. </li></ul><ul><li>It was called the Haab. </li></ul><ul><li>This calendar consisted of 18 months and 20 days which were numbered from 0 to 19. </li></ul><ul><li>A.S. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Religion <ul><li>Mayans developed a religion that believed in the worship of many nature gods especially the gods of Sun, Rain and Corn. </li></ul><ul><li>The Mayans believed in such practices such as sacrificing humans to fully worship gods. </li></ul><ul><li>The Mayans also built pyramids which they used as temples or a place to worship their many gods. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of these ideas can be found today amongst the Mayan tribes found in Mexico and Central America. </li></ul><ul><li>R.V. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Government <ul><li>The role of leadership in the Mayan society was passed from a father to his eldest son. </li></ul><ul><li>The ruler of the Mayan country was called a “Halach Uinic” </li></ul><ul><li>The Mayan council consisted of the heads, the batab, the high priests and other people of rank. </li></ul><ul><li>The Mayan country was governed by foreigners. </li></ul><ul><li>The military ruler or the “nacom” played a huge role in the government. The nacom had a 3 year term. </li></ul><ul><li>There was also a nacom for human sacrifices. </li></ul><ul><li>The nacom would be in charge of cutting and ripping out the hearts of the victims. </li></ul><ul><li>R.V. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Military <ul><li>Mayan military consisted of weapons that could be used from a distance . </li></ul><ul><li>The Mayans used the forests as a weapon hiding in bushes and trees and using their long range weapons to ambush enemies. </li></ul><ul><li>Mayans were notorious for taking enemy prisoners in battle. </li></ul><ul><li>Mayans used a code of drums and whistles to signal other members of the armies of an attack or perhaps a victory or defeat. R.V. </li></ul>