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    Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy Presentation Transcript

    • Policy Analysis and Advocacy
      Author: ShailaShahid
      Krisok of KrisokerSor(Farmers’ Voice)
    • Quick basic Policy Analysis
      1
      Define the
      problem
      2
      Determine
      evaluation
      criteria
      6
      Implement the
      preferred
      Policy
      3
      Identify
      alternative
      policies
      5
      Select the
      preferred
      strategy
      4
      Evaluate
      alternative
      policies
    • The
      Context – political
      structures / processes,
      institutional pressures,
      prevailing concepts, policy
      streams and windows etc
      Influences
      International factors, National
      arena, economic, social
      and cultural influences; etc
      Links between
      policy makers and
      other stakeholders,
      relationships, voice
      trust, networks,
      the media and other
      intermediaries
      etc
      The Evidence,
      credibility, methods,
      relevance, use,
      how the message
      is packaged and
      communicated,
      etc
    • What is Advocacy
      Advocacy is a strategy to influence
      policy makers when they make laws and regulations,
      distribute resources, and make other decisions that
      affect peoples’ lives. The principal aims of advocacy
      are to create policies, reform policies, and ensure
      policies are implemented.
      Why Advocacy
      ADVOCACY is the deliberate process of influencing
      those who make policy decisions. Use of advocacy will always:
      • Improve the livelihood of significant numbers of people.
      • Target policy makers and implementers at all levels above the household.
      • Be rooted in the field experience, evidence based and core values.
    • - Objective -
      Delivering impact at scale
      Changing policies and regulations
      Changing the practices of others - uptake
      Communicating for influence and scale
      Generating the knowledge
      Building the capacity of others to replicate
      Testing ideas and achieving sustainability
      Learning from our experience and from others
      Working Model
      9. What holds the model together as a programme is having an Objective or Goal describing the impact at scale the programme intends to achieve
      11. While our influencing achieves wider impacts but indirectly
      8. The “impact triangle” shows that as the scale of our impact increases up the model (width), our ability to measure or attribute it to our work (shade) decreases
      10. Essentially it is our hands-on projects and pilots alone or with partners that help us deliver direct impacts
    • Essential areas for building a foundation for Advocacy
      1
      Gathering policy and
      political information
      2
      Assessing risk
      3
      Building strategic
      relationships
      4
      Establishing your
      credibility as an advocate
      5
      Linking advocacy to
      country office priorities
      6
      Maintaining focus
    • Planning an Advocacy Initiative
      Step 1
      Analyzing
      policies
      • Identify a policy issue
      • Identify key actors and institutions
      • Analyze the policy environment
      • Summarize policy findings
      • Identify options for policy change
      Step 2
      Outlining
      An advocacy
      strategy
      • Select a policy issue
      • Select target audiences
      • Set a policy goal
      • Identify allies and opponents
      Step 3
      Finalizing
      An advocacy
      strategy
      • Select roles
      • Identify key messages
      • Define advocacy activities
      Step 4
      Framing a
      plan
      • Set a timeline
      • Prepare a budget
      • Prepare a log frame
      • Plan for monitoring and evaluation
    • What is Networking
      Formal or informal structures that link actors (individuals or organisations)
      who share a common interest on a specific issue or a general set of values,
      willing to assist one another or collaborate on a common policy goal
      Internal Networking
      The process of using resources in your
      own organization (including people)
      to gain expected result you need
      External Networking
      The process of asking people you
      know outside your organization for
      influencing about the target
      audience
      A Network should have the capacity to foster the following three “Cs”
      Communication
      The multiplicity of links allows
      for actors to communicate
      better. knowledge to be
      shared interactively across
      both horizontal and
      vertical dimensions
      Creativity
      Free and interactive
      communication among a
      diverse range of actors offers
      a fertile climate for creative
      action
      Consensus
      Links among diverse actors to
      build consensus and
      circumventing formal barriers.
      Allow like-minded actors
      to identify each other and
      rally around a common issue
    • Evolution of the Policy Concepts
      Evidence-based policy
      An approach which “helps people make well
      informed decisions about policies, programmes
      and projects by putting the best available evidence at the
      heart of policy development and implementation”
      (Davies, 1999a)
      Opinion-based policy
      It relies heavily on either the selective use of evidence
      (e.g. on Single studies irrespective of quality) or on
      the untested views of individuals or groups,
      often inspired by ideological standpoints, prejudices,
      or speculative conjecture.
      Now the present approach are moving from “opinion
      based policy” towards “evidence-based policy”,
      and are in the stage of
      “Evidence-influenced policy”
    • Dynamic of Policy Making
      Evidence based
      Technical
      Capacity
      Influence based
      Opinion Based
      Political process
      Jerry lee, 2004
    • Factors influencing Policy Making
      Practice of political life
      Knowledge/
      Evidence
      Resource/ Finance
      Power/
      Authority
      Experience
      Public argumentation
      to choose among
      the policy options
      Judgment
      Lobby
      System
      Think
      Tank
      Opinion
      Builders
      Media
      Civil
      Society
      Grass root
      Actors
    • Five key ways to make a difference in Policy Change
      • Achieve recognition of a policy issue
      • Inform the design and choice of policy
      • Forecast the future
      • Monitor policy implementation
      • Evaluate policy impact
      The Way Ahead Of….
      The international agreement on the above five key principles, to ensure
      results in winning the fight against poverty, is a value added for all
      stakeholders. Here monitoring and evaluation can play a strategic
      role in ensuring such principles are translated into reality. In this way, we can keep the promise to improve the life of millions of people around the world.
    • Thanks for your Patience!!!