The Context – political structures / processes, institutional pressures, prevailing concepts, policy streams and windows etc Influences International factors, National arena, economic, social and cultural influences; etc Links between policy makers and other stakeholders, relationships, voice trust, networks, the media and other intermediaries etc The Evidence, credibility, methods, relevance, use, how the message is packaged and communicated, etc
What is Advocacy Advocacy is a strategy to influence policy makers when they make laws and regulations, distribute resources, and make other decisions that affect peoples’ lives. The principal aims of advocacy are to create policies, reform policies, and ensure policies are implemented. Why Advocacy ADVOCACY is the deliberate process of influencing those who make policy decisions. Use of advocacy will always:
Improve the livelihood of significant numbers of people.
Target policy makers and implementers at all levels above the household.
Be rooted in the field experience, evidence based and core values.
- Objective - Delivering impact at scale Changing policies and regulations Changing the practices of others - uptake Communicating for influence and scale Generating the knowledge Building the capacity of others to replicate Testing ideas and achieving sustainability Learning from our experience and from others Working Model 9. What holds the model together as a programme is having an Objective or Goal describing the impact at scale the programme intends to achieve 11. While our influencing achieves wider impacts but indirectly 8. The “impact triangle” shows that as the scale of our impact increases up the model (width), our ability to measure or attribute it to our work (shade) decreases 10. Essentially it is our hands-on projects and pilots alone or with partners that help us deliver direct impacts
Essential areas for building a foundation for Advocacy 1 Gathering policy and political information 2 Assessing risk 3 Building strategic relationships 4 Establishing your credibility as an advocate 5 Linking advocacy to country office priorities 6 Maintaining focus
Planning an Advocacy Initiative Step 1 Analyzing policies
What is Networking Formal or informal structures that link actors (individuals or organisations) who share a common interest on a specific issue or a general set of values, willing to assist one another or collaborate on a common policy goal Internal Networking The process of using resources in your own organization (including people) to gain expected result you need External Networking The process of asking people you know outside your organization for influencing about the target audience A Network should have the capacity to foster the following three “Cs” Communication The multiplicity of links allows for actors to communicate better. knowledge to be shared interactively across both horizontal and vertical dimensions Creativity Free and interactive communication among a diverse range of actors offers a fertile climate for creative action Consensus Links among diverse actors to build consensus and circumventing formal barriers. Allow like-minded actors to identify each other and rally around a common issue
Evolution of the Policy Concepts Evidence-based policy An approach which “helps people make well informed decisions about policies, programmes and projects by putting the best available evidence at the heart of policy development and implementation” (Davies, 1999a) Opinion-based policy It relies heavily on either the selective use of evidence (e.g. on Single studies irrespective of quality) or on the untested views of individuals or groups, often inspired by ideological standpoints, prejudices, or speculative conjecture. Now the present approach are moving from “opinion based policy” towards “evidence-based policy”, and are in the stage of “Evidence-influenced policy”
Dynamic of Policy Making Evidence based Technical Capacity Influence based Opinion Based Political process Jerry lee, 2004
Factors influencing Policy Making Practice of political life Knowledge/ Evidence Resource/ Finance Power/ Authority Experience Public argumentation to choose among the policy options Judgment Lobby System Think Tank Opinion Builders Media Civil Society Grass root Actors
Five key ways to make a difference in Policy Change
The Way Ahead Of…. The international agreement on the above five key principles, to ensure results in winning the fight against poverty, is a value added for all stakeholders. Here monitoring and evaluation can play a strategic role in ensuring such principles are translated into reality. In this way, we can keep the promise to improve the life of millions of people around the world.