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Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Policy Analysis and Advocacy
    Author: ShailaShahid
    Krisok of KrisokerSor(Farmers’ Voice)
  • 2. Quick basic Policy Analysis
    1
    Define the
    problem
    2
    Determine
    evaluation
    criteria
    6
    Implement the
    preferred
    Policy
    3
    Identify
    alternative
    policies
    5
    Select the
    preferred
    strategy
    4
    Evaluate
    alternative
    policies
  • 3.
  • 4. The
    Context – political
    structures / processes,
    institutional pressures,
    prevailing concepts, policy
    streams and windows etc
    Influences
    International factors, National
    arena, economic, social
    and cultural influences; etc
    Links between
    policy makers and
    other stakeholders,
    relationships, voice
    trust, networks,
    the media and other
    intermediaries
    etc
    The Evidence,
    credibility, methods,
    relevance, use,
    how the message
    is packaged and
    communicated,
    etc
  • 5. What is Advocacy
    Advocacy is a strategy to influence
    policy makers when they make laws and regulations,
    distribute resources, and make other decisions that
    affect peoples’ lives. The principal aims of advocacy
    are to create policies, reform policies, and ensure
    policies are implemented.
    Why Advocacy
    ADVOCACY is the deliberate process of influencing
    those who make policy decisions. Use of advocacy will always:
    • Improve the livelihood of significant numbers of people.
    • 6. Target policy makers and implementers at all levels above the household.
    • 7. Be rooted in the field experience, evidence based and core values.
  • - Objective -
    Delivering impact at scale
    Changing policies and regulations
    Changing the practices of others - uptake
    Communicating for influence and scale
    Generating the knowledge
    Building the capacity of others to replicate
    Testing ideas and achieving sustainability
    Learning from our experience and from others
    Working Model
    9. What holds the model together as a programme is having an Objective or Goal describing the impact at scale the programme intends to achieve
    11. While our influencing achieves wider impacts but indirectly
    8. The “impact triangle” shows that as the scale of our impact increases up the model (width), our ability to measure or attribute it to our work (shade) decreases
    10. Essentially it is our hands-on projects and pilots alone or with partners that help us deliver direct impacts
  • 8. Essential areas for building a foundation for Advocacy
    1
    Gathering policy and
    political information
    2
    Assessing risk
    3
    Building strategic
    relationships
    4
    Establishing your
    credibility as an advocate
    5
    Linking advocacy to
    country office priorities
    6
    Maintaining focus
  • 9. Planning an Advocacy Initiative
    Step 1
    Analyzing
    policies
    • Identify a policy issue
    • 10. Identify key actors and institutions
    • 11. Analyze the policy environment
    • 12. Summarize policy findings
    • 13. Identify options for policy change
    Step 2
    Outlining
    An advocacy
    strategy
    • Select a policy issue
    • 14. Select target audiences
    • 15. Set a policy goal
    • 16. Identify allies and opponents
    Step 3
    Finalizing
    An advocacy
    strategy
    • Select roles
    • 17. Identify key messages
    • 18. Define advocacy activities
    Step 4
    Framing a
    plan
    • Set a timeline
    • 19. Prepare a budget
    • 20. Prepare a log frame
    • 21. Plan for monitoring and evaluation
  • What is Networking
    Formal or informal structures that link actors (individuals or organisations)
    who share a common interest on a specific issue or a general set of values,
    willing to assist one another or collaborate on a common policy goal
    Internal Networking
    The process of using resources in your
    own organization (including people)
    to gain expected result you need
    External Networking
    The process of asking people you
    know outside your organization for
    influencing about the target
    audience
    A Network should have the capacity to foster the following three “Cs”
    Communication
    The multiplicity of links allows
    for actors to communicate
    better. knowledge to be
    shared interactively across
    both horizontal and
    vertical dimensions
    Creativity
    Free and interactive
    communication among a
    diverse range of actors offers
    a fertile climate for creative
    action
    Consensus
    Links among diverse actors to
    build consensus and
    circumventing formal barriers.
    Allow like-minded actors
    to identify each other and
    rally around a common issue
  • 22. Evolution of the Policy Concepts
    Evidence-based policy
    An approach which “helps people make well
    informed decisions about policies, programmes
    and projects by putting the best available evidence at the
    heart of policy development and implementation”
    (Davies, 1999a)
    Opinion-based policy
    It relies heavily on either the selective use of evidence
    (e.g. on Single studies irrespective of quality) or on
    the untested views of individuals or groups,
    often inspired by ideological standpoints, prejudices,
    or speculative conjecture.
    Now the present approach are moving from “opinion
    based policy” towards “evidence-based policy”,
    and are in the stage of
    “Evidence-influenced policy”
  • 23. Dynamic of Policy Making
    Evidence based
    Technical
    Capacity
    Influence based
    Opinion Based
    Political process
    Jerry lee, 2004
  • 24. Factors influencing Policy Making
    Practice of political life
    Knowledge/
    Evidence
    Resource/ Finance
    Power/
    Authority
    Experience
    Public argumentation
    to choose among
    the policy options
    Judgment
    Lobby
    System
    Think
    Tank
    Opinion
    Builders
    Media
    Civil
    Society
    Grass root
    Actors
  • 25. Five key ways to make a difference in Policy Change
    • Achieve recognition of a policy issue
    • 26. Inform the design and choice of policy
    • 27. Forecast the future
    • 28. Monitor policy implementation
    • 29. Evaluate policy impact
    The Way Ahead Of….
    The international agreement on the above five key principles, to ensure
    results in winning the fight against poverty, is a value added for all
    stakeholders. Here monitoring and evaluation can play a strategic
    role in ensuring such principles are translated into reality. In this way, we can keep the promise to improve the life of millions of people around the world.
  • 30. Thanks for your Patience!!!