Policy Analysis and Advocacy<br />Author: ShailaShahid<br />Krisok of KrisokerSor(Farmers’ Voice)<br />
Quick basic Policy Analysis<br />1<br />Define the <br />problem<br />2<br />Determine <br />evaluation <br />criteria<br ...
The<br />Context – political<br />structures / processes,<br />institutional pressures,<br />prevailing concepts, policy<b...
What is Advocacy<br />Advocacy is a strategy to influence<br />policy makers when they make laws and regulations, <br />di...
 Target policy makers and implementers at all levels above the household.
 Be rooted in the field experience, evidence based and core values.</li></li></ul><li>- Objective -<br />Delivering impact...
Essential areas for building a foundation for Advocacy<br />1<br />Gathering policy and <br />political information<br />2...
Planning an Advocacy Initiative<br />Step 1<br />Analyzing <br />policies<br /><ul><li>Identify a policy issue
Identify key actors and institutions
Analyze the policy environment
Summarize policy findings
Identify options for policy change</li></ul>Step 2<br />Outlining <br />An advocacy <br />strategy<br /><ul><li>Select a p...
Select target audiences
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Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy

  1. 1. Policy Analysis and Advocacy<br />Author: ShailaShahid<br />Krisok of KrisokerSor(Farmers’ Voice)<br />
  2. 2. Quick basic Policy Analysis<br />1<br />Define the <br />problem<br />2<br />Determine <br />evaluation <br />criteria<br />6<br />Implement the <br />preferred <br />Policy<br />3<br />Identify <br />alternative <br />policies<br />5<br />Select the <br />preferred <br />strategy<br />4<br />Evaluate <br />alternative <br />policies<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. The<br />Context – political<br />structures / processes,<br />institutional pressures,<br />prevailing concepts, policy<br />streams and windows etc<br />Influences<br />International factors, National <br />arena, economic, social <br />and cultural influences; etc<br />Links between<br />policy makers and<br />other stakeholders,<br />relationships, voice<br />trust, networks,<br />the media and other<br />intermediaries<br />etc<br />The Evidence,<br />credibility, methods,<br />relevance, use,<br />how the message<br />is packaged and<br />communicated,<br />etc<br />
  5. 5. What is Advocacy<br />Advocacy is a strategy to influence<br />policy makers when they make laws and regulations, <br />distribute resources, and make other decisions that<br />affect peoples’ lives. The principal aims of advocacy <br />are to create policies, reform policies, and ensure<br />policies are implemented.<br />Why Advocacy<br />ADVOCACY is the deliberate process of influencing <br />those who make policy decisions. Use of advocacy will always:<br /><ul><li> Improve the livelihood of significant numbers of people.
  6. 6. Target policy makers and implementers at all levels above the household.
  7. 7. Be rooted in the field experience, evidence based and core values.</li></li></ul><li>- Objective -<br />Delivering impact at scale<br />Changing policies and regulations<br />Changing the practices of others - uptake<br />Communicating for influence and scale<br />Generating the knowledge<br />Building the capacity of others to replicate<br />Testing ideas and achieving sustainability<br />Learning from our experience and from others <br />Working Model<br />9. What holds the model together as a programme is having an Objective or Goal describing the impact at scale the programme intends to achieve<br />11. While our influencing achieves wider impacts but indirectly<br />8. The “impact triangle” shows that as the scale of our impact increases up the model (width), our ability to measure or attribute it to our work (shade) decreases<br />10. Essentially it is our hands-on projects and pilots alone or with partners that help us deliver direct impacts<br />
  8. 8. Essential areas for building a foundation for Advocacy<br />1<br />Gathering policy and <br />political information<br />2<br />Assessing risk<br />3<br />Building strategic <br />relationships<br />4<br />Establishing your <br />credibility as an advocate<br />5<br />Linking advocacy to <br />country office priorities<br />6<br />Maintaining focus<br />
  9. 9. Planning an Advocacy Initiative<br />Step 1<br />Analyzing <br />policies<br /><ul><li>Identify a policy issue
  10. 10. Identify key actors and institutions
  11. 11. Analyze the policy environment
  12. 12. Summarize policy findings
  13. 13. Identify options for policy change</li></ul>Step 2<br />Outlining <br />An advocacy <br />strategy<br /><ul><li>Select a policy issue
  14. 14. Select target audiences
  15. 15. Set a policy goal
  16. 16. Identify allies and opponents</li></ul>Step 3<br />Finalizing <br />An advocacy <br />strategy<br /><ul><li>Select roles
  17. 17. Identify key messages
  18. 18. Define advocacy activities</li></ul>Step 4<br />Framing a <br />plan<br /><ul><li>Set a timeline
  19. 19. Prepare a budget
  20. 20. Prepare a log frame
  21. 21. Plan for monitoring and evaluation</li></li></ul><li>What is Networking<br />Formal or informal structures that link actors (individuals or organisations) <br />who share a common interest on a specific issue or a general set of values, <br />willing to assist one another or collaborate on a common policy goal<br />Internal Networking<br />The process of using resources in your<br />own organization (including people)<br />to gain expected result you need<br />External Networking<br />The process of asking people you<br />know outside your organization for<br />influencing about the target<br />audience<br />A Network should have the capacity to foster the following three “Cs”<br />Communication<br />The multiplicity of links allows <br />for actors to communicate <br />better. knowledge to be <br />shared interactively across <br />both horizontal and <br />vertical dimensions<br />Creativity<br />Free and interactive <br />communication among a <br />diverse range of actors offers <br />a fertile climate for creative <br />action<br />Consensus<br />Links among diverse actors to <br />build consensus and <br />circumventing formal barriers. <br />Allow like-minded actors <br />to identify each other and <br />rally around a common issue<br />
  22. 22. Evolution of the Policy Concepts<br />Evidence-based policy <br />An approach which “helps people make well <br />informed decisions about policies, programmes<br />and projects by putting the best available evidence at the<br />heart of policy development and implementation” <br />(Davies, 1999a)<br />Opinion-based policy<br />It relies heavily on either the selective use of evidence <br />(e.g. on Single studies irrespective of quality) or on <br />the untested views of individuals or groups, <br />often inspired by ideological standpoints, prejudices,<br />or speculative conjecture.<br />Now the present approach are moving from “opinion<br />based policy” towards “evidence-based policy”, <br />and are in the stage of <br />“Evidence-influenced policy”<br />
  23. 23. Dynamic of Policy Making<br />Evidence based<br />Technical<br />Capacity<br />Influence based<br />Opinion Based<br />Political process<br />Jerry lee, 2004<br />
  24. 24. Factors influencing Policy Making<br />Practice of political life<br /> Knowledge/ <br />Evidence<br />Resource/ Finance<br />Power/ <br />Authority<br />Experience<br />Public argumentation <br />to choose among <br />the policy options<br />Judgment<br />Lobby <br />System<br />Think <br />Tank<br />Opinion <br />Builders<br />Media<br />Civil <br />Society<br />Grass root <br />Actors<br />
  25. 25. Five key ways to make a difference in Policy Change<br /><ul><li> Achieve recognition of a policy issue
  26. 26. Inform the design and choice of policy
  27. 27. Forecast the future
  28. 28. Monitor policy implementation
  29. 29. Evaluate policy impact</li></ul>The Way Ahead Of….<br />The international agreement on the above five key principles, to ensure<br />results in winning the fight against poverty, is a value added for all<br />stakeholders. Here monitoring and evaluation can play a strategic<br />role in ensuring such principles are translated into reality. In this way, we can keep the promise to improve the life of millions of people around the world.<br />
  30. 30. Thanks for your Patience!!!<br />
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