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Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy
Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy
Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy
Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy
Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy
Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy
Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy
Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy
Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy
Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy
Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy
Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy
Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy
Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy
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Shaila.policyanalysis advocacy

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  • 1. Policy Analysis and Advocacy<br />Author: ShailaShahid<br />Krisok of KrisokerSor(Farmers’ Voice)<br />
  • 2. Quick basic Policy Analysis<br />1<br />Define the <br />problem<br />2<br />Determine <br />evaluation <br />criteria<br />6<br />Implement the <br />preferred <br />Policy<br />3<br />Identify <br />alternative <br />policies<br />5<br />Select the <br />preferred <br />strategy<br />4<br />Evaluate <br />alternative <br />policies<br />
  • 3.
  • 4. The<br />Context – political<br />structures / processes,<br />institutional pressures,<br />prevailing concepts, policy<br />streams and windows etc<br />Influences<br />International factors, National <br />arena, economic, social <br />and cultural influences; etc<br />Links between<br />policy makers and<br />other stakeholders,<br />relationships, voice<br />trust, networks,<br />the media and other<br />intermediaries<br />etc<br />The Evidence,<br />credibility, methods,<br />relevance, use,<br />how the message<br />is packaged and<br />communicated,<br />etc<br />
  • 5. What is Advocacy<br />Advocacy is a strategy to influence<br />policy makers when they make laws and regulations, <br />distribute resources, and make other decisions that<br />affect peoples’ lives. The principal aims of advocacy <br />are to create policies, reform policies, and ensure<br />policies are implemented.<br />Why Advocacy<br />ADVOCACY is the deliberate process of influencing <br />those who make policy decisions. Use of advocacy will always:<br /><ul><li> Improve the livelihood of significant numbers of people.
  • 6. Target policy makers and implementers at all levels above the household.
  • 7. Be rooted in the field experience, evidence based and core values.</li></li></ul><li>- Objective -<br />Delivering impact at scale<br />Changing policies and regulations<br />Changing the practices of others - uptake<br />Communicating for influence and scale<br />Generating the knowledge<br />Building the capacity of others to replicate<br />Testing ideas and achieving sustainability<br />Learning from our experience and from others <br />Working Model<br />9. What holds the model together as a programme is having an Objective or Goal describing the impact at scale the programme intends to achieve<br />11. While our influencing achieves wider impacts but indirectly<br />8. The “impact triangle” shows that as the scale of our impact increases up the model (width), our ability to measure or attribute it to our work (shade) decreases<br />10. Essentially it is our hands-on projects and pilots alone or with partners that help us deliver direct impacts<br />
  • 8. Essential areas for building a foundation for Advocacy<br />1<br />Gathering policy and <br />political information<br />2<br />Assessing risk<br />3<br />Building strategic <br />relationships<br />4<br />Establishing your <br />credibility as an advocate<br />5<br />Linking advocacy to <br />country office priorities<br />6<br />Maintaining focus<br />
  • 9. Planning an Advocacy Initiative<br />Step 1<br />Analyzing <br />policies<br /><ul><li>Identify a policy issue
  • 10. Identify key actors and institutions
  • 11. Analyze the policy environment
  • 12. Summarize policy findings
  • 13. Identify options for policy change</li></ul>Step 2<br />Outlining <br />An advocacy <br />strategy<br /><ul><li>Select a policy issue
  • 14. Select target audiences
  • 15. Set a policy goal
  • 16. Identify allies and opponents</li></ul>Step 3<br />Finalizing <br />An advocacy <br />strategy<br /><ul><li>Select roles
  • 17. Identify key messages
  • 18. Define advocacy activities</li></ul>Step 4<br />Framing a <br />plan<br /><ul><li>Set a timeline
  • 19. Prepare a budget
  • 20. Prepare a log frame
  • 21. Plan for monitoring and evaluation</li></li></ul><li>What is Networking<br />Formal or informal structures that link actors (individuals or organisations) <br />who share a common interest on a specific issue or a general set of values, <br />willing to assist one another or collaborate on a common policy goal<br />Internal Networking<br />The process of using resources in your<br />own organization (including people)<br />to gain expected result you need<br />External Networking<br />The process of asking people you<br />know outside your organization for<br />influencing about the target<br />audience<br />A Network should have the capacity to foster the following three “Cs”<br />Communication<br />The multiplicity of links allows <br />for actors to communicate <br />better. knowledge to be <br />shared interactively across <br />both horizontal and <br />vertical dimensions<br />Creativity<br />Free and interactive <br />communication among a <br />diverse range of actors offers <br />a fertile climate for creative <br />action<br />Consensus<br />Links among diverse actors to <br />build consensus and <br />circumventing formal barriers. <br />Allow like-minded actors <br />to identify each other and <br />rally around a common issue<br />
  • 22. Evolution of the Policy Concepts<br />Evidence-based policy <br />An approach which “helps people make well <br />informed decisions about policies, programmes<br />and projects by putting the best available evidence at the<br />heart of policy development and implementation” <br />(Davies, 1999a)<br />Opinion-based policy<br />It relies heavily on either the selective use of evidence <br />(e.g. on Single studies irrespective of quality) or on <br />the untested views of individuals or groups, <br />often inspired by ideological standpoints, prejudices,<br />or speculative conjecture.<br />Now the present approach are moving from “opinion<br />based policy” towards “evidence-based policy”, <br />and are in the stage of <br />“Evidence-influenced policy”<br />
  • 23. Dynamic of Policy Making<br />Evidence based<br />Technical<br />Capacity<br />Influence based<br />Opinion Based<br />Political process<br />Jerry lee, 2004<br />
  • 24. Factors influencing Policy Making<br />Practice of political life<br /> Knowledge/ <br />Evidence<br />Resource/ Finance<br />Power/ <br />Authority<br />Experience<br />Public argumentation <br />to choose among <br />the policy options<br />Judgment<br />Lobby <br />System<br />Think <br />Tank<br />Opinion <br />Builders<br />Media<br />Civil <br />Society<br />Grass root <br />Actors<br />
  • 25. Five key ways to make a difference in Policy Change<br /><ul><li> Achieve recognition of a policy issue
  • 26. Inform the design and choice of policy
  • 27. Forecast the future
  • 28. Monitor policy implementation
  • 29. Evaluate policy impact</li></ul>The Way Ahead Of….<br />The international agreement on the above five key principles, to ensure<br />results in winning the fight against poverty, is a value added for all<br />stakeholders. Here monitoring and evaluation can play a strategic<br />role in ensuring such principles are translated into reality. In this way, we can keep the promise to improve the life of millions of people around the world.<br />
  • 30. Thanks for your Patience!!!<br />

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