 2nd stage-autonomy versus 
shame and doubt 
 12-18 mos. – 3 years
 Self-control where a toddler 
seeks to do their own will 
 Wants to be more 
independent 
 Feeling of being able to do...
 Everything is about them 
 How they look, what 
belongs to them, 
what they can or cannot do 
 Become aware of others’...
 Set realistic limits 
 Give choices 
 Keep toddler safe 
 Stay calm when child reacts with anger
 Can sense emotions in 
others 
 Great imagination 
 Fear of dark, strangers, etc. 
 Have trouble separating 
reality ...
 Animals, darkness, 
nightmares, bad people 
 Act out fear through play 
 Don’t tease them about 
their fears 
 Don’t ...
 Over 2 yrs. old, less than 2 hours of TV a day 
 Give them skills to control situations 
 Turn on light when afraid of...
 Nightmares begin around 2 
 Help them separate reality 
from fantasy
 Temper tantrums 
 Meant to attract attention 
 Not directed at anyone 
until age 3 
 Common triggers for 
tantrums 
...
 Respond immediately 
 Remain calm 
 Screaming is ineffective 
 Spanking makes more 
angry 
 Help child to deal with ...
Social emotional needs of a toddler
Social emotional needs of a toddler
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Social emotional needs of a toddler

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Social emotional needs of a toddler

  1. 1.  2nd stage-autonomy versus shame and doubt  12-18 mos. – 3 years
  2. 2.  Self-control where a toddler seeks to do their own will  Wants to be more independent  Feeling of being able to do tasks without help  Do not do for them what they can do for themselves
  3. 3.  Everything is about them  How they look, what belongs to them, what they can or cannot do  Become aware of others’ feelings toward them  Aware they can affect others  Autonomy achieved leads to self-pride  No autonomy leads to shame and doubt
  4. 4.  Set realistic limits  Give choices  Keep toddler safe  Stay calm when child reacts with anger
  5. 5.  Can sense emotions in others  Great imagination  Fear of dark, strangers, etc.  Have trouble separating reality from fantasy  Affection  Express it by nearness
  6. 6.  Animals, darkness, nightmares, bad people  Act out fear through play  Don’t tease them about their fears  Don’t push them into scary situations  Boys-greater variety  Girls – greater reaction
  7. 7.  Over 2 yrs. old, less than 2 hours of TV a day  Give them skills to control situations  Turn on light when afraid of dark  Set a good example
  8. 8.  Nightmares begin around 2  Help them separate reality from fantasy
  9. 9.  Temper tantrums  Meant to attract attention  Not directed at anyone until age 3  Common triggers for tantrums  Being overly tired  Disruption in normal routine  Too much excitement or activity  Frustration: too many restrictions and too few choices  Lack of firm, realistic limits
  10. 10.  Respond immediately  Remain calm  Screaming is ineffective  Spanking makes more angry  Help child to deal with anger and frustration and to express it in an acceptable way.
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