Blasting inprovement techniques
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Blasting inprovement techniques

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    Blasting inprovement techniques Blasting inprovement techniques Presentation Transcript

    • Productivity Improvement Programme A team of delegates from different subsidiaries of CIL visited Australia. Χoncept presentation was made during CMD’s meet at CIL HQ. It was agreed that some coal mines will be selected and CIL and Orica will work together to improve overall productivity The project was named as “Productivity Improvement Programme” (PIP). The projects selected were AKWMC Project in BCCL and Dudhichua Project in NCL. The whole process was divided in two phases: Phase 1 was called “Study of Ongoing Practices” and Phase 2 was called “Demonstration of benefits”
    • AKWMC, Katras Area The mine had been re-structured after amalgamation of Keshalpur and West Mudidih Mines. BCCL Production target for 2008-09 •Coal - 1.5 Million Tonnes. •Overburden - 4.5 Million cubic meters. No. of working benches •Overburden - 08 •Coal - 03
    • Machineries •Shovels: 5cuM bucket capacity rope shovel- 06 Nos. 5 cuM bucket capacity hydraulic shovel-01 No. 2.8cuM bucket capacity hyraulic shovel- 03 Nos. •Drills:160mm drill diameter- 05 Nos. •Drill: 250 mm. Drill diameter-01 no. •Dumpers on roll(35 Tonnes capacity) - 53 Nos.
    • AKWMC, Katras Area BCCL Achieved high operational efficiency with stripping ratio of 1:3. Achieved Coal Production of 1.12 MT against the target of 1.20 MT in 2007-08 . Receptive to new technologies. Sensitive to environmental issues like ground vibration,fly rocks and noise. Low blasting costs. Successfully doing excavation over old underground workings. Higher percentage percentage of utilization of HEMM 85% as compared to other mines of BCCL.
    • PIP Structure Productivity Improvement Programme was structured as follows: Formation of Steering Team: Steering team formed with some nominated members of Katras area and Indian Explosives Limited.The steering team meeting was scheduled once in a week for planning the operation in next week and to review the work done in last week. Selection of benches: Since time period the study was very less some of the overburden benches in the mine were selected for PIP which are very hard and geologically disturbed where mine management was facing problems in operation. Benchmarking of on-going practices in mine: Productivity of some of the key operations e.g. Drilling,Blasting and Mucking was benchmarked in terms of Rs./cuM and cuM/hr by time and motion study of each operation. Demonstration of benefits: Productivity of the same operations e.g. Drilling,Blasting and Mucking was determined after some blasts were done on the same benches by M/s. Indian Explosives Limited by using modern blasting technology. Calculations: Demonstration of benefits in terms of productivity was done by comparing demonstration and benchmarking data of each operation. Presentation: A presentation on work done was made to the CGM (Katras area) and steering committee.
    • Project Planning by Steering Committee Steering committee met weekly to assess the progress of work done in previous week and to plan the work for next week. Appointed Mr. C.B.Prasad as an officer in-charge dedicated for PIP work. AKWMC management suggested To select only hard and fractured due to presence of depillared and caved goaf benches for PIP exercise, which were over VIII seam top, VIII seam bottom and VII seam. To do time and motion study only for some selected machines deployed on those benches. The machines selected were: Shovels: Drills: S-38, S-483, S-394 and S-342. IDM 30 III, IDM 30 I and RECP 311. To take transportation cost as a constant for both phases. To take average of four months costs for determination of existing operating cost. To conduct at least one blast in each bench for demonstration of the benefits.
    • Project Planning by Steering Committee It was finalized by the Steering Committee that Orica  Will conduct 4 stand up blasts by using advanced blasting technologies.  Will mark drill holes, supervise drilling operations and provide relevant training to drill operators.  Will present the results obtained in both the phases of the study.
    • Benchmarking of On-going Practices Drilling operation Time and motion study of drill machines IDM 30 III, IDM 30 I and RECP 311 and productivity was determined in terms of Rs./m and Rs./cuM. Drilling operation Drilling cost Blasting operation Blast design parameters are studied and tabulated.Bench wise powder factor was determined and cost in Rs./cuM was determined. Blasting operation Blasting cost
    • Study of On-going Practices- Phase I Mucking operation Time and motion study for shovels S-38,S-342,S-394 and S-493 was done and productivity of mucking operation was determined in terms of Rs./cuM and material handled in cuM/hr. Mucking operation Mucking cost Transportation cost Transportation cost was constant for both phases and material handled per trip was taken as 11cuM/trip as fixed by previous survey data. Total mining cost Total mining cost was determined by adding up drilling cost,blasting cost and mucking cost. COST COMPONENTS DATA SOURCES
    • Phase II-Demonstration of Benefits Methodology adopted in demonstration exercise : DRILLING OPERATION •Marking of drill holes in staggered pattern on the patch. •Monitoring of the drilling operation for ensuring proper depth and pattern •Training imparted to the drill operators and helpers.
    • Training of drill operators and Helpers
    • Demonstration of Benefits BLASTING OPERATION •To ensure proper charging of blast holes according to the plan. •To model each blast with Orica’s patented softwares. •To design each blast with the help of Shotplus-i software. •To use hole liners in the crack holes. Blasting cost MUCKING OPERATION •Time and motion study of the shovels is done by dividing the blasted muck into three sections e.g. Initial, middle and last section as in study of on-going practice. •Material handled in cuM/hr. was determined with the study data. Mucking cost TRANSPORTATION COST Transportation cost is taken constant as in study of on-going practice.
    • Blast Design & Model – Blast 2 Blast 2 in shotplus-i
    • Photographs of the blasted muck pile during demonstration
    • Results Cost during benchmarking operation in Rs./cuM Cost during demonstratio n operation in Rs./cuM Savings in cost in Rs./cuM Percentage savings Drilling cost in Rs./cuM 13.23 10.27 2.96 22.39% Blasting cost in Rs./cuM 19.59 13.80 5.79 29.54% Drilling and blasting cost in Rs/cuM 32.82 24.07 8.75 26.65% Mucking cost in Rs./cuM 23.46 14.8 8.66 36.91% Total mining cost in Rs./cuM 56.28 38.87 17.41 30.93% Head Overall savings in mining cost* in Rs./cuM 17.41 (30.93%)
    • Benefits Improvement in Fragmentation. Drilling cost (per cuM) was saved by optimization of blast design parameters Savings in production hours due to bigger blasts. Exposure of mine management to advanced blasting technology. Sharing of knowledge between BCCL and IEL.
    • Scope of improvement in Future To Merge two small benches (5 to 6 m height) for faster development of the mine. The mine is having capacity to drill 15m. Drill holes. Application of Stratablast (a product of Orica’s Blast Based Services) for mining of thin seams along with partings in a single blast for faster development of the mine.Presently the mine is excavating no. of thin seams in different benches. To conduct bigger blasts for faster exposure of coal and better efficiency. Help the mine meet environmental compliance norms.
    • DISCUSSIONS?????….
    • Thank you!!!
    • PHASE-I STUDY OF ON-GOING PRACTICE
    • Method of study DRILLING Time study of: • Drilling time. • Rod changing time. • Spotting time. • Idle time. • Meterage drilling.  Rate of drilling (m/hr.) = Meterage drilling/ Total time taken in drilling (excluding idle time).  Drilling cost (Rs./m.) = Total cost incurred during the period of study/ Total meterage of drilling done by the machine. Back to main slide
    • MUCKING Back to main Time study of the shovels by: • Study of the cycle time of loading of one dumper. • Study of the spotting time of one dumper. • Idle time of the shovel due to non availability of dumpers at the face.  Material handled by the shovel (cuM / Hr) = Volume of the material carried by the dumper per trip* / Total time taken in filling one dumper by shovel (excluding idle time of the shovel)  Mucking cost (Rs. / cuM) = Total cost incurred for the shovel during the study period/ Total volume handled by the shovel during the period. * Standard volume carried by each dumper is considered as 11cuM.
    • COST COMPONENTS Back to main Following cost components are taken into consideration in determination of mining cost of OB in Rs./cuM.  Cost of Diesel, lubes and other consumables  Cost of spares.  Cost of maintenance manpower.  Cost of operation manpower.  Cost of depreciation. Following cost components are considered as a constant in determination of per cubic mining cost of OB due to non-availability of sufficient data:  Electric power consumption cost.  Hauling cost.  Dozing cost.  Administration cost.
    • DATA SOURCES Back to main DATA SOURCE Cost of HSD and consumables. New Keshalpur and West Mudidih Workshop. Cost of Spares and maintenance. New Keshalpur and West Mudidih Workshop. Cost of maintenance manpower. Finance deptt. of the project and Workshops. Machine performance as per BCCL data. Excavations deptt. of the Katras area. Monthly cost sheet. Computer deptt. Katras area. Cost of explosives and blasting accessories. AKWMC magazine. Meterage drilling and cuM handled by machines per month. Office of the project officer AKWMC and pit office.
    • Study of blasting operation in case study Back to main Study of following operations in blasting operation: • Blast design parameters like burden, spacing and depth of the drill holes. • Charging operation. • Drilling cost per cuM. • Blasting cost per cuM. • Bench wise powder factor.
    • Study of drilling operation Back to main slide Drilling cost( Rs./m.) in case study (Excluding administration cost) HEAD IDM 30 III RECP 311 IDM 30 I COST in Rs.(from Jan to Apr.08) HSD,LUBES & CONS. 867627.00 1087946.00 830952.00 SPARE PARTS 172092.00 300237.00 185208.00 MAINTE.MANPOWER COST 388601.24 388601.24 582901.86 OPERATION MANPOWER COST* 584093.60 683766.03 564717.08 DEPRECIATION COST 359852.00 291333.00 327407.00 TOTAL COST 2372265.84 2751883.27 2491185.94 DRILL METERAGE 14402.00 13318.00 12861.00 WORKING HOURS 779.70 1101.50 842.90 DRILLING COST /M 164.72 206.63 193.70 COST/HR 3042.54 2498.31 2955.49 Avg. drilling cost/m *includes one drill operator, one helper and half supervisor. 188.35
    • Mucking operation in case study.(Back to main) Operation Cost of Shovel as per field study data (in Rs./cuM) (excluding electric power and administration cost) * includes one shovel operator, one cableman and half supervisor. HEAD S-38 S-394 S-342 S-483 Material handled in cuM/hr.( Mar. to Apr.08) Initial Section 74.94 99.27 88.5 100.54 Middle Section 75.51 115.96 105.42 112.45 Last section 72.3 77.83 77.34 103.97 Average 74.25 97.69 90.42 105.65 Total working Hrs. (Jan. to Apr.08) 506.5 827.7 848.5 1968.2 COST in Rs. (From Jan. to Apr. 08) (Avg.muckig cost in Rs./cuM – 23.46 ) Cost of Maintenance Manpower 680052.13 1165803.70 874352.81 971503.10 274395.85 547849.15 441606.15 791548.65 87759.00 44410.00 311664.00# 132600.00 Cost of Depreciation 0.00 568028.00 0.00 1464724.00 Total Cost 1042206.98 2326090.85 1627622.95 3360375.75 Composite Material handled (cuM) 37607.63 80855.25 76721.37 207946.89 Cost/Hr 2057.66 2810.31 1918.24 1707.33 Cost per cuM in Rs. 27.71 28.77 21.21 16.16 Cost of operation manpower * Cost of Spares & Consumable # due to comp. rep’g of undercarriage
    • Study of blasting operation Back to main Avg. drilling and blasting cost in Rs/cuM Avg. blasting Bench Avg. depth in M Av. Burden in M Av. spacing in M P.F. in cuM/K g. S-38 (VIII seam bottom) 11.38 3.53 4.25 1.27 32.51 20.10 S-394 (VIII seam bottom) 11.20 3.27 3.87 1.19 34.29 20.76 S-483 (VIII seam top) 6.41 3.04 3.90 1.31 38.47 22.52 S-483 ( VIII seam top) 11.19 3.80 4.70 1.51 27.68 14.99 Avg. 1.32 32.82 19.59 Cost* in Rs./cuM *includes explosives cost and salary cost of blasting crew.
    • Drilling and Blasting BENCH WISE P.F. AND BLASTING COST (Rs./cuM) Avg. depth in M Av. Burde n in M Av. spacing in M P.F.in cuM/K g. Blastin g cost in Rs./cu M Drilling cost in Rs./cu M Avg. drilling and blasting cost in Rs/cuM Bench Date of blast S-394 19.05.08 6.52 3.7 4.2 1.37 15.89 16.17 30.93 S-394 27.05.08 6.09 3.7 4.2 1.84 11.77 12.32 22.73 S-342 30.05.08 11.73 4 4.5 1.93 10.96 10.38 20.75 S-38 15.06.08 14.34 4 4.5 1.84 11.58 12.06 21.87 1.75 12.55 12.73 24.07 Back to main Avg.
    • Mucking operation Ongoing practice Operation Cost of Shovel as per field study data (in Rs./cuM) (Excluding Electric Power and administration cost) HEAD S-38 S-394 S-342 S-483 Material handled in cuM/hr. (From May - June 08) Initial Section 138.03 147.86 171.81 N.A. Middle Section 157.57 191.05 204.18 N.A. Last section 114.17 124.46 140.89 N.A. Average material handled (cuM/Hr) 136.59 154.46 172.29 N.A. Cost/Hr 2057.66 2810.31 1918.24 N.A Cost per cuM in Rs. 15.06 18.19 11.13 N.A. Mucking cost in Rs./cuM (Avg.) 14.80
    • Mucking operation Ongoing practice Back to main Operation Cost of Shovel as per field study data (in Rs./cuM) (Excluding Electric Power and administration cost) HEAD S-38 S-394 S-342 S-483 Material handled in cuM/hr. (From May - June 08) Initial Section 138.03 147.86 171.81 N.A. Middle Section 157.57 191.05 204.18 N.A. Last section 114.17 124.46 140.89 N.A. Average material handled (cuM/Hr) 136.59 154.46 172.29 N.A. Cost/Hr 2057.66 2810.31 1918.24 N.A Cost per cuM in Rs. 15.06 18.19 11.13 N.A. Mucking cost in Rs./cuM (Avg.) 14.80
    • Cost comparison in study and demonstration exercise Cost Analysis Head Cost during benchmarkin g operation in Rs./cuM Cost during demonstrati on Savings operation in in cost in Percentage Rs./cuM Rs./cuM savings Drilling cost in Rs./cuM 13.23 10.27 2.96 22.39 Blasting cost in Rs./cuM 19.59 13.80 5.79 29.54 Drilling and blasting cost in Rs/cuM 32.82 24.07 8.75 26.65 Mucking cost in Rs./cuM 23.46 14.8 8.66 36.91 Total mining cost in Rs./cuM 56.28 38.87 17.41 30.93 Overall savings in mining cost* in Rs./cuM *Mining cost includes drilling,Blasting & mucking cost. 17.41 (30.93%)